Project Materials


The influence of instructional materials on the teaching and learning of English at the University of Benin.

The influence of instructional materials on the teaching and learning of English at the University of Benin.



This study examined the effect of instructional materials on the teaching and learning of English at Benin’s university. The entire population for the study consists of 200 University of Benin staff members. The researcher utilized questionnaires as the data gathering instrument. Using a descriptive survey research design, this study was conducted.

The survey utilized 133 respondents, including the head of a department, senior lecturers, junior lecturers, and graduate assistants. The acquired data were tabulated and evaluated using straightforward percentages and frequencies.



BACKGROUND of the study

Man acquires knowledge through his senses. Some individuals learn best through one of the senses. For some, seeing is the dominant sense for acquiring knowledge, whereas for others, hearing, touch, smell, and taste are more influential. To facilitate the targeted learning, the instructor must communicate effectively with the student. The most effective strategy to assist students learn is to immerse them in the world that education is meant to introduce.

This is achieved by employing real objects and circumstances. The alternative to real-life scenarios is for the instructor to employ representations of real-life situations. These supplies, instruments, and methods aid the educator in approaching his profession realistically.

Whether actual or substitute, the purpose of these representations is the same. They help the teacher transmit the desired message effectively and meaningfully to the learner, so that the learner absorbs, comprehends, retains, and uses the acquired experiences to achieve the overall educational objective (Onwuka, 1981).

In Nigeria and other nations, qualified and trained teachers have always been exposed to instructional technology, emphasizing the significance of instructional materials in the teaching/learning process. More frequently than not, these qualified professionals are found guilty of disregarding instructional resources in their teaching/learning process with their students, possibly due to insufficient use or a mistaken notion that their use is not as significant as is emphasized.

This predicament is exacerbated by the fact that each year, more complex instructional resources for classroom teaching or learning are introduced. Some of these educational materials, such as the computer, are quite difficult to operate or manage. Important roles are played by instructional resources in the university English language classroom.

Bassey (1984) demonstrated decisively that instructional materials play a vital role in the lesson planning process. When teachers plan, the availability and accessibility of instructional materials and resources is typically their first concern. According to him, however, teachers lack sufficient understanding regarding the selection of these teaching materials.

According to Kalaiye (1985), students need as many English language tools for chalkboard demonstration. He determined that the current state of affairs, in which the English language is mostly taught with chalkboards and chalk, did not promote adequate comprehension of the subject.

In addition to other criteria, studies have linked low material usage to inadequate knowledge of instructional materials. The capacity of a teacher to choose these materials is mostly dependent on his or her education and creativity (Udo, 1988).


It has been noted that English is taught and learned without the use of instructional materials in our schools, especially our universities. The use of teaching materials would have necessitated a reduction in the amount of abstract explanations given by teachers in the present day. During classroom instruction, students make no effort to use their textbooks.

Many of them still do not use them as additional learning resources outside of school.
The question then becomes, do our institutions have the majority of these materials for practical classroom work? It is unclear how English teachers pick and utilize these materials.

If such resources are available in their schools, such as overhead projectors, slides and film strips, micro projectors, tape recorders, and radios. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the function of instructional materials in the English language classroom.


The study’s aims are as follows:

Determine the role of instructional materials in the English teaching and learning at the University of Benin
Determine which instructional materials teachers and students at the University of Benin can utilize most effectively to teach and learn English.
To provide solutions to some of the challenges caused by teachers and students’ non-use of instructional media.


The researcher formulated the following research hypotheses for the successful completion of the study:

At the University of Benin, instructional materials have no part in the teaching and learning of English.

.H1: instructional materials play a role in the teaching and learning of English at the University of Benin.

There are no answers to the challenges associated with teachers and students not using instructional media.

H2: there are answers to some of the problems caused by teachers and students’ failure to use instructional media

1.5 Importance of the Research

The instructional materials should stimulate and maintain the learner’s interest, provide suitable teacher-learner exchanges, and motivate the learner to acquire greater experience and expertise in the lesson.
The findings of this study will assist educators in recognizing the need to supplement their teaching methods with educational materials. In addition, they will view the fundamental instructional materials for the efficient teaching and learning of the English language.

This work will be of great assistance to the government in procuring the necessary teaching materials for English classes. Having considered the relevance of instructional materials in this effort, the government will also foster a culture in our schools that places a rigorous emphasis on the frequent and effective use of instructional resources.

English language learners will be organically compelled to utilize their textbooks and other educational resources in and out of school.
In addition, other researchers will find the material beneficial for purposes of recommendation.


The scope of this study encompasses the influence of instructional materials on the teaching and learning of English at the university of Benin. The researcher faces a constraint that restricts the study’s scope;

a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The researcher has insufficient research material, consequently limiting the scope of the investigation.
b) TIME: The time allotted for the study does not allow for a broader scope because the researcher must mix it with other academic activities and examinations.


INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS refers to a collection of print and non-print materials and equipment chosen, organised, and situated to suit the requirements of the students and teachers and advance the school’s mission.

EDUCATION: Specific assertions of behavior made by a student after a time of studying demonstrating that they have acquired knowledge. Strategies for learning and teaching approaches. Activities selected by the teacher to facilitate student learning. Lecture. The instructor’s introduction and delivery of a topic at a predetermined time transfers information.

English is a West Germanic language that was first used in early medieval England. It is currently the third most frequently spoken native language in the world, after Standard Chinese and Spanish, and the most extensively spoken Germanic language.


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The influence of instructional materials on the teaching and learning of English at the University of Benin.

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