SOME SECONDARY SCHOOL STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
The new National Policy on Education (1981) is designed to be functional, practical, and qualitative. This is expected to reduce the mere paperwork system associated with the former system of education and which led to mass unemployment. This new policy on education emphasizes vocational and was formulated by Nigerians to direct the nation toward technological and economic development and cultural renewal.
The subject areas recommended for study and compulsory for every child in the post-primary school system include science, vocational and social studies. Under the vocational area is accounting subject. Accounting is an indispensable field of study in education. It is a subject that is very essential for business. It helps both profit and non-profit making organizations.
This is because it helps these organizations to make policies that help for expansion. It also accesses the efficiency of management to make decisions relating to further investment. It aids proprietors to access the efficiency of management and provides information that assists parties outside the organization to make objective judgments about the organization.
In secondary schools, the objective of teaching this important subject is to provide students with the basic method of processing data to develop manipulative skills and provide knowledge for career advancement in accounting to develop an economic understanding of business vocabulary to help students develop an understanding of basic accounting concept and principles, in summary, to be self-reliant.
Unfortunately, students nowadays perform poorly in this important subject, the poor performance of students in the subject has become a matter of concern to many people, especially in business education a question arises, “what are the causes of student’s poor performance in this subject? Is it due to the ineffectiveness of the accounting teachers who teach the subject, students’ lack of interest, or inadequate teaching aids? How then can the poor performance be improved? Finding solutions to the above questions is the objective of this research.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Accounting like every other business subject has an inestimable value that it had played and is still playing definite and important roles in the world of business. Due to the vital role, the knowledge and understanding of accounting is playing in society, there is a need to improve its standard. The students offering this subject tend to encounter some problems which lead to their poor performances and such problems among others are
- Lack of qualified teachers.
- Lack of motivation.
- Lack of teaching aids and instructional materials.
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
To effectively carry out this research project, the following questions were formulated
- Are there qualified teachers in the school?
- Are the teachers or students motivated?
- Does the school have teaching aids or instructional materials?
- Do teachers conduct continuous assessments regularly?
1.4 PURPOSE OF STUDY
Since accounting is a venture which helps in the socio-economic development of the masses, it becomes pertinent for all hands to be on deck, if the improvement is to be made generally, financial accounting like every other field or discipline is associated with some problems. It is on this ground, therefore, that this study is designed to map out strategies for improving students’ poor academic performances in financial accounting in some selected secondary schools in Edo state.
The significance of the research will highlight the problems of students’ poor academic performance in financial accounting in secondary schools, particularly those in Edo state. It will also suggest ways for improvement and correction. In addition, it tries to find out ways of encouraging the present and future students of Edo state so that, they can have meaningful and personal relationships between their teachers and themselves.
The findings of the study will be of immense assistance to the financial accounting administration, especially the school principal if the findings are thoroughly implemented. It will enhance students’ performance in financial accounting, especially in
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