RURAL INDUSTRIALIZATION AS AN AGENT FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
RURAL INDUSTRIALIZATION AS AN AGENT FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
1.1 Background of The Study
Since the early 1980s, governments have recognised that unless rural development is given the attention it deserves and the gap between theory and practice in this area is closed, the goals of achieving accelerated national development, particularly at the grassroots level, will remain elusive, at least in the third world.
One key reason for this assumption is that, in Nigeria, the majority of the population lives in rural areas, which is where development is most desired. Aside from the unbalanced population ratio, the majority of rural areas are impoverished, with few people living above the poverty level of one US dollar per day.
More crucially, development is primarily assessed on the basis of nations' per capita income, which is the ratio of gross national income to total population. As a result, the development of rural areas indicates the level of national development and the position of nations on the development ladder to a larger extent.
To support this claim, Idode (1989), citing a section of the 1975-80 Nigeria National Development Plan, stated that “it is necessary to recognise that approximately 70% of the Nigerian population lives in rural areas and has benefited relatively little from the recent rapid economic growth.”
Improving the typical Nigerian's standard of living will hence necessitate a significant increase in rural income. As a result, in the allocation of scarce resources during plan implementation, priority will be given to programmes and projects directly benefiting the rural population, particularly projects to increase the income of smallholder farmers and improve economic and social infrastructure in rural areas.
There is therefore reason to believe that the subject of how to accelerate agricultural expansion and increase welfare for the masses of people living in rural regions is now receiving significant government attention.
Unfortunately, from independence to the present, there has been a significant disparity between successive official announcements and the establishment of various development organisations aimed at achieving rural development and the actual results of implementation efforts.Scholars and policymakers have paid close attention to the world's rising industrialization in recent years.
The influence of industrialization on environmental, economic, and social activities drew this attention (David, 2005).These activities are essentially the result of the process by which companies consume resources and energy and convert them into usable products and trash (Stewart, 1992).
(Brundtland, 2007) Industrialization is related with economic development and has been a characteristic of modernization and national economic power. It is not by chance that most emerging countries have made industrialization a national priority.
Industrialization is an important part of long-run development since most nations that have achieved socioeconomic progress, albeit with significant environmental costs, have also experienced structural change from primary production to industrialization (Aneta, 2006).
Sustainable development is defined as “keeping the pace of such development to meet the needs of the present without jeopardising the needs of the future” (Classzone, 2007).
Sustainable development can be viewed as a complex, multi-dimensional, and interconnected process that requires an international, interdisciplinary, and dynamic approach. Sustainable development may not be possible in a hegemonic and unipolar world when everything is commoditized and driven by the market.
It could be a humanistic approach, such as an alternative framework for eradicating poverty, which is a major means of ensuring development (Famade, 2007). Sustainable development is now universally considered to be founded on three pillars: economic growth, social development, and environmental conservation (UNIDO, 2004).
Countries such as the United Kingdom, India, and others from Asia and the Pacific have also accepted this philosophy, which is also necessary for industrialization.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE problem
In Nigeria, industrialization had a lot of good benefits in terms of job creation, technological advancement, and an increase in living standards. It did, however, result in unhealthy working conditions and water pollution (Adejugbe, 2004).
These negative consequences may stymie both industrialization and sustainable development. We also documented the long-term impact of industrialization on environmental changes and natural resource exploitation (Famade, 2007).
Extensive exploitation of natural resources may result in resource depletion, jeopardising industrialization and sustainable development. Given the foregoing, the researcher seeks to explore the role of rural industrialization as a driver of national growth.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The primary goal of this study is to determine the impact of rural industrialization as a driver of national development, however in order to complete the study, the researcher intends to meet the following particular goals:
i) Determine the impact of rural industrialization on national development.
ii) To investigate the link between rural industrialization and national development.
iii) To assess the influence of rural development on Nigeria's economic growth.
iv) Offer a proposed remedy to the identified problem
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
The researcher developed the following research hypotheses to aid in the completion of the study:
H0:rural industrialization has no impact on national development.
H1: Rural industrialization contributes significantly to national development.
H02: In Nigeria, there is no significant association between rural industrialization and economic progress.
H2: In Nigeria, there is a considerable association between rural industrialization and economic progress.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is expected that when the study is completed, the findings will be of great interest to local governments and investors; as the study seeks to elaborate on the importance of rural industrialization and its role in national development, the study will also be of interest to investors and potential investors,
as the study seeks to explore the importance and benefits of investing in rural communities.The study will also be useful to academics who want to do research on a similar topic because it will act as a guide for their research. Finally, the research will benefit both academic students and the general public.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The study's scope encompasses rural industrialization as an agent for national development, although there were some circumstances that limited the scope of the study that were beyond the researchers' control:
(a)Research material availability: The researcher's research material is insufficient, restricting the investigation.
(b)Time: The study's time frame does not allow for broader coverage because the researcher must balance other academic activities and examinations with the study.
(c)Finance: The funding available for the research endeavour does not allow for broader coverage because resources are constrained due to the researcher's other academic bills.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
A rural area, sometimes known as the countryside, is a geographical area located outside of towns and cities. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Health Resources and Services Administration defines “rural” as “all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area.” Everything that is not urban is considered rural.
The era of social and economic development that transforms a human group from an agrarian society to an industrial society, involving extensive reorganisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing, is known as industrialization.
The process of developing or being developed.
1.8 ORGANISATION OF THE STUDY
This research paper is divided into five chapters for easy comprehension. The first chapter is concerned with the introduction, which includes the (background of the investigation), issue statement, aims of the study, research questions, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope of the study, and so on.
The second chapter, a survey of related literature, offers the theoretical framework, conceptual framework, and other areas linked to the subject matter.
The third chapter is a research methodology chapter that discusses the research strategy and methodologies used in the study. The fourth chapter focuses on data gathering, analysis, and presenting of findings. The study's summary, conclusion, and suggestions are presented in Chapter 5.