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In Nigeria, there is a significant paradox about the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). Because of its politics and policies, the party gained the respect and adoration of the majority of Nigerians between 1999 and 2007. This study evaluates the role of the PDP in governance from 1999 to 2007. It is based on observation and the utilisation of secondary sources.

The research indicated that the PDP government has been woefully inadequate in managing the operations of the Nigerian state. Thus, between 1999 and 2007, Nigerians experienced a deep crisis of expectation as a result of serious erosion, impairment, and debasement of governance values,

as reflected in macroeconomic instability, widespread corruption, a deepening democratic crisis, human rights violations, insecurity, frustration, disillusionment, and a growing loss of people's confidence in the PDP government. As a result of the preceding, the report advised, among other things, strategies to reorganise the PDP for effective government in Nigeria.



1.1 Background of the Study
Democratic administration, with its ideals of elective representation, freedom of choice of leaders, rule of law, freedom of expression, accountability, and so on, has become the world's accepted system of government. It is a type of government in which a political community's supreme power is based on popular sovereignty.

According to oyovbaire (1987), democracy as a system of government seeks to realise a generally recognised common good through collective initiation and discussion of policy questions concerning public affairs, and which delegate authority to agents to implement the broad decisions made by the people via majority vote.

Thus, in modern times, democracy has been defined as the expression of the political community's popular will through elected representatives. According to Raphael (1976), representative governance is the foundation of modern democracy.
Democratic governance in Nigeria has been distinct from what is available in other parts of the world. Respect for human rights and the rule of law, which are key aspects of democracy, are absent, particularly between 1999 and 2007; election rigging and gangsterism are so common that it is difficult to distinguish between democratic and autocratic governments.

Political parties are critical to the political process in modern cultures. In each democratic society, they have become a veritable instrument or auxiliary of democracy. Political parties are not only vehicles for the aggregation of interests and the final satisfaction of such interests via control of government;

they are also vehicles for the aggregation of interests and the ultimate satisfaction of such interests through control of government. Political parties are obviously critical to the survival of democratic administration. According to Agbaje (1999), the level of responsibility in public life, including access to and use of power,

is determined by the extent to which political parties aggregate freely, articulate, represent, and organise. Merkel (1977:99) summarised political parties' primary functions as follows:

a. Recruitment and selection of leadership personnel for government offices b. Development of government programmes and policies c. Coordination and control of governmental organs d. Social integration through group demand satisfaction and reconciliation or the provision of a common belief system or ideology

e. Individual social integration through mobilisation of support and socialisation

Political parties, in general, are critical to democratic governance. It is an essential tool of democratic governance. It provides a mechanism of encouraging responsibility, collective action,

public engagement, inclusion, legitimacy, and accountability by integrating their competing values, ideologies, and aspirations for eventual control of the state's government.

Political parties are the intermediary institution 12 that mediates the affairs of both the people and the agencies that wield governmental authority.

Political parties in Nigeria are typically formed along ethnic, cultural, geopolitical, and religious lines. In everyday government activities, one can see the fostering of primordial loyalties such as ethnic sensitivities and the overt projection of other selfish political tendencies. As a result, the political has always been devoid of viable political ideology on which the nation's political future can be anchored.

The failure of philosophy and vision has turned party politics to a commodity game in which the monetization of the political process is the underpinning of loyalty and support. This has weakened the democratic system's goal.

Since the military's withdrawal from political control in May 1999, the PDP has dominated Nigerian administration. After eight years in administration, the party has lost the respect and adoration of the majority of Nigerian electorates as a result of its projects and policies.

The failure of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) government to deliver the projected rewards of democracy has resulted in frustration, disappointment, and psychomoral dislocation for the typical Nigerian.

The purpose of this study is to look into the role of the ruling PDP in democratic government in Nigeria's fourth republic from 1999 to 2007.

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