Project Materials




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Chapter one

1.0 Introduction.
In computer technology, the term “online” refers to a computer’s network connection. A network enables computers to exchange resources like hardware, software, data, and information. A server controls access to network resources. (Shelly, Cashman & Vermaat, 2006).

An online system is a computer system that enables users to send and receive information (Publishing Dictionary, 2011).
Almost all organisations now rely heavily on online systems. Using an online system allows for convenience and accessibility from any location with an Internet connection.

Universities require efficient, dependable, and easily accessible computerised information management systems. The importance of computerised systems cannot be emphasised enough.

1.1 AIM

The project aims to create a web application for students to receive updates on current and upcoming departmental events.
The suggested system will disseminate information inside the Department of Computer Science and Information Technology.

1.2 Objectives of the Study

The project aims to provide an online news portal for computer science and information technology students to stay up-to-date on current and upcoming department events.

The aims of the study are as follows:

1) Online news portals provide public access to information on various topics, including politics, sports, education, science, and entertainment.

2) Educate: Online news portals give both information and education on social and political structures. Participants get knowledge about forthcoming difficulties and strategies for dealing with them.

3) Online news portals provide instant and up-to-date news with a single click. With a single click, people around the world can receive up-to-the-minute updates.

4) News per Interest: Everyone has their own interests. Individuals may have varying interests, such as politics, sports, and entertainment. Web media does not rely on the bullet idea. People have plenty of options to pick from. They can read news based on their interest.

5) Convenient: Online news portals are easily accessible. Today, 66% of people access the internet solely through their smartphones.

Users can access up-to-date information from any location.

6) Sports Coverage: Online news sources offer live coverage of sporting events. News portals ensure that fans of all sports, including cricket and tennis, are not disappointed. Fans can stay up to date on the latest scores while at work.

7) Easy Feedback Receiver: Traditional media often struggle to gather feedback from readers or viewers. However, for web media, it is not a difficult nut to crack. News websites can get comments from readers through a comment section.

Even news websites can receive comments on their articles. This is a two-way communication. People can readily share their opinions and feedback.

8) News websites provide real-time updates on breaking news events. People cannot wait for the next morning’s news or spend all of their time watching breaking news on television. Web 2 media has broken down these restrictions. Mobile devices provide convenient access to news wherever people go.

9) Images of news events: Users can view exclusive images of news happenings.

A portal, often known as portal software, is a Web-based platform that connects users, applications, systems, and procedures for centralised collaboration. Portal software enables personalised work environments and communities, leading to increased productivity for users.

Portal software is suitable for several purposes, including corporate intranets, extranets, communities, websites, and projects. Using portal software can provide numerous benefits for businesses, depending on their needs and the software used. Some of the benefits include (Chozam, 2006):

– Improve audience information delivery. – Boost user productivity. – Offer customisable features and development tools. – Enhance customer-employee interaction. – Create personalised environments for users. – Integrate external applications and services through portlets.

1.3 Significance of the Study

The project’s significance is outlined below:

 Manages and produces an online news magazine efficiently and professionally.

 Ready to use straight now – “off-the-shelf”

 cheap Total Cost of Ownership: cheap starting and training costs, with ongoing low operational costs.

 A versatile content management solution for publishing many types of information, including online newspapers, press releases, reports, papers, and dissertations.

3. A portal offers Internet users a personalised entry point to network-based campuses. Horizontal portals are commonly used in higher education to provide users with access to essential resources for managing their connection with the university. Users may be students, instructors, staff, parents, prospective students, alumni, or members of the community.

1.4 Scope of the Study

This research focuses on online news portals, with Kebbi State University of Science and Technology Aliero (Computer Science and Information Technology Department) as a case study.

1.5′ Limitations of the Study

This project, like any software development processes, has its constraints. The following considerations caused significant limitations to the project work:

Financial constraints prevented some functions and programmes from being implemented in this study, despite their potential for a larger scope.

Time constraints were a significant challenge during the study’s testing. The time allotted for conducting this investigation was short.

Limited internet access caused certain essential documents and materials to be unavailable during the research process.

1.6 Analysis of Chapters

This paper summarises the research I conducted for this project.


The project work is organised into five chapters of study.

The first chapter introduces the project, outlines its limitations, scope, relevance, and aims.

Chapter Two provides a literature assessment of the project work, covering topics such as academic information systems, data analysis, database overviews, and contributions to the field of research.

Chapter 3 covers research methodology, including data collection methods. The analysis compares the present and new systems and highlights issues with the former. It also analyses the benefits and drawbacks of the new system.

Chapter Four focuses on system design and implementation. This section includes the work’s input and output specifications, programming language selection, software testing, integration and implementation, system requirements for compatibility, and usage instructions.

Chapter 5 of the project work summarises, concludes, and recommends the study.

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