HOW TO WRITE A research hypothesis
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HOW TO WRITE A RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
Making a solid hypothesis is a crucial part of any study. How, therefore, does a study hypothesis succeed? This article will discuss the characteristics of a strong research hypothesis, as well as the types of research hypotheses.
What is a research hypothesis?
A hypothesis is a research question that states what the researcher thinks the answer will be. A scientific or research experiment cannot be conducted without a working hypothesis. Thus, it is essential that you create your hypothesis with great care by being methodical and thorough even before you put pen to paper.
Any inaccuracy in your hypothesis can have a serious impact on the reliability of your experiment and the validity of your findings. A hypothesis's sole function is to foreshadow the results, data, and conclusion of your paper.
It's rooted in genuine interest and hunches. Writing a hypothesis is similar to making a guess based on scientific biases and evidence; this guess can then be tested through the scientific method and either confirmed or refuted.
Research is done for the sole purpose of observing a certain phenomenon. Therefore, a hypothesis describes the nature of the phenomenon in question. There are two variables involved: one is the independent variable, and the other is the dependent variable.
The dependent variable represents the outcome of the observation, while the independent variable represents its cause.
How to write a good hypothesis in your research
For a well-written hypothesis, the process begins before you start typing. Preparation is the key to success in any endeavor, and the first step in researching a topic is doing your study and reading as much as possible about it.
Your understanding of where to zero in on the issue will improve as a result of this. Keep in mind that a hypothesis is merely a statement of expectation regarding the connection between a set of variables. It is up to you to make a forecast and then develop a hypothesis and plan the study to “prove” whether or not you were right.
Inappropriately using one's subjective judgments in the formation of a hypothesis is a common trap. Your hypothesis must maintain an impartial tone and point of view. A study hypothesis that is both clear and succinct has a clearly defined terminology. Furthermore, you should use very specific wording to prevent making any assumptions.
Here are some things to keep in mind when you assess the viability of your research hypothesis:
- Determines causality and expected results
- Keep it short and sweet; no need to waffle on.
- Lacking ambiguity or presumption of prior knowledge on the part of the reader
- measurable and verifiable outcomes
- pertinent to the issue or question being studied
Producing a well-written hypothesis is crucial since it will determine the success or failure of your research. Your journal publication prospects are included. The following guidelines should be kept in mind while you design one:
- Toto seems reasonable, a study hypothesis should be concise and straightforward.
- Without the ability to put your hypothesis to the test, your study will be useless.
- Your hypothesis needs to be clear about the outcomes you expect to see and what you hope to accomplish by testing them.
- No one should be left wondering what exactly is meant by a study hypothesis.
- Include the variables and set up the right relationship between them if you want to construct a relational hypothesis.
- For a hypothesis to be valid, it must preserve and accurately portray the room for follow-up research and testing.
Types of Hypothesis
Some people insist that there are only two kinds of hypotheses: the Null hypothesis and the Alternative hypothesis. While there's some truth to it, you'd be better off learning the differences between the most prevalent variants since these words are used so frequently.
There are also complex, simple, directional, non-directional, statistical, associative, and casual hypotheses in addition to the null and alternative ones. One hypothesis can meet many criteria, therefore the hypotheses need not be mutually exclusive. However, understanding the differences between them can help you develop your own.
- Null Hypothesis
By definition, the null hypothesis assumes there is no connection between the two variables in question. The independent variable has no effect or connection with the dependent variable.
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- Alternative Hypothesis
An alternative hypothesis, often known as H1 is the polar opposite of a null hypothesis. That the dependent variable affects the independent variable is stated unequivocally.
Alternative hypotheses can be divided into; Directional and non-directional hypotheses.
An assertion that the outcome would either be positive or negative is referred to as a directional hypothesis.
A non-directional hypothesis just asserts that it has an impact on the dependent variable. It is not specified whether a favorable or negative outcome would occur.
- Simple Hypothesis
The relationship between two variables is reflected in a statement that serves as a simple hypothesis. There's going to be a reliant and a non reliant here. Taking lung cancer, as an illustration, consider the statement that “smoking is a primary cause of lung cancer.” Lung cancer rates are a function of the independent variable of smoking.
- Complex Hypothesis
A complex hypothesis, in contrast to a simple one, involves the interconnection of several potential independent and dependent factors.
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- Associative and Causal Hypothesis
Nonpredictive hypotheses, such as those based on associations and coincidences, do not reveal how many factors will be involved. They determine how the variables are connected. Whether a variable is dependent or independent, modifying it in an associative hypothesis will cause ripple effects elsewhere. There is a one-to-one relationship between the two variables in a causal hypothesis.
- empirical Hypothesis
An empirical hypothesis, often called the working hypothesis, is a statement that a theory has been verified via experimentation and observation. This makes the claim sound more plausible and less like a guess. degree project topics
- Statistical Hypothesis
It is possible to use data from a sample of the population to test a hypothesis that has previously been developed through the use of statistical methods. Evidence is used to support or refute a hypothesis, such as “44% of the Nigerian population belongs to the age bracket of 35-47.”