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EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF BUILDING

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EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION IN AREAS OF FESTAC TOWN AMUWO ODOFIN LAGOS

CHAPTER ONE

1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE

For the sustenance and dynamism of keep, every growing society is defined by the erection of either permanent or temporary structures
for the aim of shelter that is that the second necessity of life (George, 2016). The search for housing
has tremendously raised urbanization and conjointly the designed surroundings resulting to various environmental impacts and
environmental degradation that is recently being occupied to human activities with construction projects/works taking a lion’s share. In line
with rubin and Davidson (2011); Babawale (2004); CIOB (2004) and Majumdar (2013), environmental Impact per square measure needs to
explain some implications of human activities on the environment. At the best possible level, this includes the study of interactions among
all forms and activities of the environment. A lot of normally, Environmental Impact refers to effects of human activities on
his surroundings (Bertone, 2013). According to eral Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) (2008), the various environmental impacts
may be connected to the mass flooding in Ibadan and Lagos cities of Nigeria as a result of blockage of water ways and channels. Also the
mass pollution of water and air in Brass Island of Bayelsa is also traced to human activities like mining, refining and construction activities
(FEPA, 2008). The menace is also affecting many other cities in the world like the alarming rate of pollution in Abu Dhabi city of the United
Arab Emirate (UAE) and Pittsburgh- a densely industrialized city of the United State of America which has the highest record of air pollution
because of manufacturing of Construction equipment (UNESCO, 2011). The concurrence reclamation and development in urban
centre (Lagos Island) earth is that the major reason for the recent flooding in urban centre (Lagos Island). The coast
into that the lagoon extents its banks at the high-water periods has been designed up, thereby inflicting the lagoon to overflow its
banks leading to flooding. A review made by Koleosho and Adeyinka (2013); Horsley (2011) and Hardy (2007), also shows the need for cross
examination of the activities of the built environment that causes environmental changes so as to identify their impacts for the purpose of
mitigation. This is collaborated by the UN-Habitat report in Nigeria (2004) that “The design, construction, maintenance and use of structures
have impacts on the environment; some of these significant impacts include Energy Impact, Ecological Impact, Visual Impact as well as
Material impact”. Building construction projects in Nigeria have both direct and indirect impacts on the environment. The identification of
likely impacts on the environment in order of severity is a task that needs to be accomplished for the realization of a minimum effect of
construction project on the environment (Koleosho and Adeyinka, 2013). Section 38 of the 2013 Act of eral Environmental Protection
Agency of Nigeria defines the environment as including water, air, land and all plants/animals or human beings living therein as well as the
inter-relationship that exist between and among them. To this effect, the impacts of building construction projects are felt by all the
elements that constitute the Environment (Howard 2000 and Chrisna, 2013). The process of identifying, predicting, evaluating and
mitigating the biophysical, social and other relevant effects of developmental proposal prior to major commitment is Environmental Impact
Assessment (EIA) (Barlett and Prior, 2013). According to International Association for Impact Assessment Act (IAIA, 2000), the purpose of
environmental impact assessment is to ensure that decision makers consider all possible impacts and their respective effects when
deciding a project. In view of this, it should be used as a decision making tool rather than decision aiding tool. In Nigeria the activities of the
international impact assessment act are not felt which result to increase in pollution and other environmental degradations. Environmental
protection needs activities on several levels; from preventing heating to safeguarding living beings. The results of poor air quality
or harmful chemicals and supporting wants should even be thought of for the survival of men. The propounded ways by the UNHabitat in Nigeria (2004) to protect and save our environment include, the use of environmental effective housing through improved energy
efficiency of buildings and an effective economic growth through more efficient use of resources such as re-use, recycling and recovery of
waste. The National Environmental Pollution Act 2013 (NEP) has also empowered many government agencies to actively monitor the air for
pollutants, inspect emission sources, provide compliance assistance to industries as well as initiate enforcement actions such as educating
the public about the air quality issues. They are equally concerned within the interference and regulation of pollution from industries,
municipal waste product treatment facilities similarly as observation construction sites and concrete . All these are mitigating
measures to cut back the impact of construction projects on the surroundings but however their application and social control needs to be
investigated in Nigeria. Effective protection of the environment is critical to sustainable development but Dietz, York and Rosa (2011) opines
that human development and growth will be short lived if we do not conserve the natural environment and its resources. In view of this,
there is need to assess the environmental impacts of building construction projects to promote sustainability.

1.2 STATEMENT OF

In Nigeria, it is obvious that there has been purported improvement in the practice of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), as it regards
proper and sustainable construction of developmental projects. Moreover the construction of new buildings, infrastructure and industries,
the production and the transport of building materials as well as waste disposal require an increasing amount of bio-productive . The
significance of this impact requires its measure, here performed by ecological foot . These and other global environmental and
human-related issues encouraged an increasing number of designers, planners, developers and building users to provide more sustainable
urban planning and building construction strategies. The application of sustainability principles and environmental accounting methods to
building construction is a consequence of the global environmental problems and it aims to reduce the direct and indirect impact of
construction industry with respect to two main issues: air pollution due to greenhouse gas emissions; depletion of both renewable and unrenewable natural resources (petroleum, natural gas, materials). One of the main objectives of the application of environmental impact
assessment methods to building construction is to evaluate the impact of common and alternative constructive technologies and materials
and its effect to environmental problems.

1.3 AIMS OF THE

The major purpose of this study is to examine evaluation of environmental impact of building construction in urban . Other general
objectives of the study are:

To examine the contribution of building construction to environmental pollution.To examine the environment and its sustainability in urban .To examine the effects of building construction on the environment in urban .To examine the environmental impacts of building construction in urban To examine the relationship between building construction and environmental management of urban .To examine the strategies for monitoring of building construction activities in the urban .

1.4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS

What are the contributions of building construction to environmental pollution?What is environment and how can it be sustained in urban ?What are the effects of building construction on the environment in urban ?What are the environmental impacts of building construction in urban ?What is the relationship between building construction and environmental management of urban ?What the strategies for monitoring of building construction activities in the urban ?

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

There is no significant effect of building construction on the environment in urban .
H02: There is no significant relationship between building construction and environmental management of urban in Nigeria.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE

The study will be of great benefit to policy makers, building construction professionals, national environmental agency, students and
researchers. The study will enable environmental managers have an in-depth understanding of the effects of building construction on the
environment and the way to assess the problem associated with it. It will also be readily available for academic consumption.

1.7 SCOPE OF THE

The study is based on evaluation of environmental impact of building construction in urban : case study of Festac town, Amuwo Odofin
Lagos.

1.8 LIMITATION OF

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or
information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview)
Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on
the time devoted for the research work.

EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION IN AREAS OF FESTAC TOWN AMUWO ODOFIN LAGOS

EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION IN AREAS OF FESTAC TOWN AMUWO ODOFIN LAGOS

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