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EFFECTS OF STRATEGIC PLANNING ON SMALL SCALE ENTERPRISE

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S OF STGIC PLANNING ON ENTERPRISE A CASE STUDY OF MICROFINANCE BANK

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

Background To The Study

The role of Small and Medium-Scale Enterprise (SMEs) in the national economy cannot be underestimated. These enterprises are being
given increasing policy attention in recent years, particularly in third world countries partly because of growing disappointment with results
of development strategies focusing on large scale capital intensive and high import dependent industrial plants. The impact of SMEs is felt
in the following ways: Greater utilization of raw materials, employment generation, encouragement of development,
development of entrepreneurship, mobilization of savings, linkages with bigger industries, provision of regional balance by spreading
investments more evenly, provision of avenue for self-employment and provision of opportunity for training managers and semi-skilled
workers. The vast majority of developed and developing countries rely on dynamism, resourcefulness and risk tasking of small and medium
enterprises to trigger and sustain process of economic growth. In overall economic development, a critically important role is played by the
small and medium enterprises. Small and medium enterprises advocates, firstly, it endurance competition and entrepreneurship and hence
have external benefits on economy wide efficient, and productivity growth. At this level, perspectives are directed towards government
support and involvement in exploiting countries social benefits from greater completion and entrepreneurship. Secondly, proponents of
SME support frequent claim that SMEs are generally more productive than large firms but financial market and other institutional
improvements, direct government financial support to SMEs can boost economic growth and development. Some argued that SMEs
expansion boosts employment more than large firm growth because SMEs are more labour intensive thereby subsidizing SMEs may
represent a poverty alleviation tools, by promoting SMEs and individual countries and the international community at large can make
progress towards the main goal of halving poverty level by year 2020 i.e to reduce poverty by half and becoming among 20 largest World
Economies (Nigeria 20:2020). Entrepreneurial development is therefore important in the Nigeria economy which is characterized by
the following heavy dependence on oil, low agricultural production, and high unemployment, low utilization of industrial capacity, high
inflation rate, and lack of industrial infrastructural base. These constraints limit the rate of growth of entrepreneurial activities in Nigeria.
Hence, this paper seeks to investigate Small and Medium Enterprises as a veritable tool in Economic Growth and Development

Of blem

The Nigerian economy since the attainment of political independence in 1960 has undergone fundamental structural changes resulting to
structural shis which have however not resulted in any significant sustainable economic growth and development to ensure adequate
employment opportunity for her youths. Recently, available data show that the Nigerian economy grew relatively in the greater parts of the
1970s, with respect to the oil boom of the 1970s whose extreme profits resulted to wasteful expenditures in the public sector leading to
dislocation of the employment factors and also distorted the revenue bases for policy planning. This among many other crises resulted in
the introduction of the structural adjustment programme (SAP) in 1986 and the recent economic reforms. The core objective of the
economic structural reform is a total restructuring of the Nigerian economy in the face of population explosion (Douglason et al, 2006).
This paper seeks to explore the relationship between small as a platform toward reducing youth unemployment and the promotion o
socio-economic growth and development in Nigeria. Specifically, it assesses past government efforts aimed at reducing unemployment, as
well as examine the major factors/constraints that hinder entrepreneurship. It concludes by proposing some strategies that can promote
effective entrepreneurship culture.

Objectives Of The Study

The objective of this study can be stated as follows:
To evaluate the role of small scale in economic development
To justify the contribution of small scale business to economic development
To identify the relationship between small scale and unemployment rate in Nigeria
To evaluate the social responsibility of small scale business on economic development
To establish the federal stance of small scale business to Nigeria economy.

Significance Of The Study

The significance of this research work is to evaluate and analysis the role of small scale business in the economic development of ogun
state. It is hoped that it would contribute to the promotion of the existing frontier or boundary between human knowledge.

Limitation To The Study

The limitations of this research work were time constraints and financial assistance inability to reach poor households (Robinson,
2001).

S OF STGIC PLANNING ON ENTERPRISE A CASE STUDY OF MICROFINANCE BANK

S OF STGIC PLANNING ON ENTERPRISE A CASE STUDY OF MICROFINANCE BANK

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