Project Materials




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1.0 Introduction.

Since their introduction in the 1980s, computers have helped business people accomplish their jobs more efficiently due to their high capacity and speed in technology. Routine tasks, such as sending memos, can instead be completed via email.

Workers can conduct Internet research with the push of a button. The prominence of computers in business has numerous other positive effects in the workplace.

Computers also help businessmen save time. For example, a businessman may draft a report, spell check it, update it, and distribute it in a matter of hours–even over large distances.

Previously, firms utilised typewriters to create reports with redactions on multiple pages. The pages had to be retyped until the report was error-free. Managers then had to replicate the reports and send them to personnel in other cities.

As a result, the report writing process took far longer with a typewriter than with a computer. In addition, utility and cable companies can more easily diagnose a customer’s problems using computers.

It is no surprise that many managers, planners, administrators, educators, researchers, chief executives, and businessmen today see a critical need for computers in their various organisations.

The goal of this project is to incorporate computers into the information processing at LEADMART STORES. Computerization of the store can reduce waste, ensure speedy service at critical moments for the public, and boost productivity. Such computerization efforts frequently cost less than the money and time they save both the public and the organisation.

1.1 Statement of the Problem
Every organisation (LEADMART STORES) faces a variety of challenges, including the storage of goods, the maintenance, checking, and keeping of account records for commodities in stock.

Despite the good maintenance of LEADMART STORES’ manual stock control system, there will be significant inefficiencies in its accounting and record-keeping systems.

However, the primary goal of this study is to integrate computers into the store’s everyday operations, specifically its accounting system, stock control system, and day-to-day commercial operations.

The adoption and deployment of computers into the STORE’s operations will allow the organisation to significantly improve its daily information and accounting systems.

The aforementioned issues spurred the development of software to add to current stock and delete goods in stock, a process known as updating, as well as the creation of an accurate accounting system for the STORE.


The goal of this research is to create and implement a system that will remove the problems listed above, such as misplacement of critical information, papers, and records, as well as duplication of efforts.

A computerised accounting system and organisation allows the user to enter transactions into the programme at once, and all accounts are updated as needed to avoid delays and unforeseen errors in records and transactions.


The goals and objectives of this project report are to investigate how the organization’s (LEADMART STORES) operational goals and other activities are implemented.

It saves time; when a shop manually records all data, the manager must reconcile each sales receipt with each actual inventory item. Depending on the size of the establishment and the number of various products sold, this can be a difficult and time-consuming operation.

To assure inventory system accuracy; when an inventory list is manually maintained, the margin of error increases with each update. If one mathematical calculation is incorrect or an error is made, calamity can occur.

For example, if a clerk unintentionally inserts a zero to the end of a purchase order, a corporation may wind up paying for 10,000 units of merchandise rather than the 1,000 required.

In places where essential papers are misplaced, a computer will be utilised to record, store, and retrieve huge volumes of documents, reducing duplicating efforts owing to inaccuracies in activities and time spent searching files when they are required for processing.

1.4 Scope of the Problem

The researcher’s scope is limited to the investigation of a computerised price determination system (LEADMART STORES).

The study is also confined to the limitations obtained from (LEAMART STORES); additional information was gathered from the write-ups of the existing system to support the study and design of the new system.

1.5 Limitations of the Study

Due to a shortage of time and resources, the study is limited to a certain area of problem solving and information gathering on how things are sold or stored, as well as how to process them using a computer.

1.6 Assumption.

This study was conducted under the idea that combusting could occur when dealing with stock problems and computation inefficiencies.

For this objective, the assumption was made to design and implement a pricing determination software package that would eliminate and prevent any complications associated with manual calculating.

1.7 Definition of Terms

Algorithm: – A logical set of instructions followed out in a predetermined order to solve a problem.

COMPILER: A system software programme that transforms a problem-solving language to the language that a computer understands.

A computer is an electronic data processing equipment capable of storing and processing information at rapid speeds.

COMPUTERIZATION: The use of a computer to manage a process or system.

DATA: These are units of observation that don’t have any meaning.

DOS is an operating system that stores data permanently on discs.

FLOWCHART: A diagram in which certain shapes and connecting lines are utilised to depict how each individual action in a system is connected to one another.

INFORMATION consists of facts derived from processed data that provide knowledge about events or situations.

PASSWORD: A secret word that must be known before gaining access to a particular system.

PROGRAMME: A set of instructions for solving an issue.

SOFTWARE PACKAGE: A term used to describe one or more programmes or a collection of instructions.

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