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The research was undertaken to justify the effectiveness or otherwise of counseling services in Odeda Local Government Area, the research method used in this research is descriptive survey research method. The population of this research consists of students of secondary schools in Odeda Local Government Area these schools consist of boarding, day and private schools.

The samples of four (4) schools were selected within Odeda Local Government Area and the sample of fifty (50) students were collected from each school to represent the population, the procedure used in this research was random sampling techniques. The instrument used for this research was questionnaires and the method used for analyzing data is a simple percentage… (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)  

counseling services


Background of the Study

Academic performance of Nigerian secondary school students has been a thing of worry because it degrading in value day in day out and these have to be as a result of many factors that have been militating against it and all these abstract factors could be uprooted or avoided in order to attain academic excellence through the proper placement of regular and well-planned counseling services in our various secondary schools.

Counseling as the third force in education along with instruction is an integral part of the educational system. Counseling programs for secondary school students are designed to address the physical, emotional, social, vocational, and academic difficulties of adolescent students. This is to complement learning in the classroom and also enhance academic performance/achievement of students.

Counseling plays a vital role in preventing educational, personal, social, mental-emotional, and other similar problems among secondary school students. Ministry of education and principals of schools are aware of the heavy reliance placed on counseling services for most aspects of the new 9-3-4 system to actually succeed. These services are counseling services, referral services, and evaluation, follow-up, consultancy, and research services.

As a vital component of any type and any level of education the absence of non-utilization of these systems, again the third goal of the educational services in the present day school system has led to the unprecedented rise in the crime wave, violence among students, fuelled cultism, wrong career choice, and wrong subject combination among other issues… (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)

Statement of Problem

The counselor occupies a very strategic position in most educational systems. The federal government is aware of this. This is why the emphasis is on the need for counseling services in the new national policy on education 9-3-4 system. It is also clear from the federal ministry of education that counselors should operate on fulltime basis, raise a generation of people who can think for themselves, respect the views and teaching of others, respect the dignity of labor, appreciate those value specified under our broad national goals and live as good citizens.

Also, most principals and teachers are aware of the counselor’s functions/services. Despite this fact, it has been observed that the program/services are not encouraged at the secondary school level… (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)

Research Objectives

This study sought to assess the effects of counseling services on the academic performance of students in selected senior secondary schools in Odeda Local Government area of Ogun State.

  1. To determine the effects of counseling services on academic performance of students in senior secondary schools exposed to it and those not exposed… (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)

counseling services


Guidance and counseling activities in each level of education is expected to contribute to the achievement of educational goals. However, when education goals are not been achieved, the foremost place to look into is the available guidance services rendered, how effective was it? These chapters examine the various views of some authors on the meaning, purpose and essence of guidance and counseling service in school. The view and the findings of previous research works related to this study shall be assessed under the following sub – heading:

  • The concept of guidance and counseling
  • Brief history and development of guidance and counseling in Nigeria.
  • Disparity between guidance and counseling
  • Review of guidance practices of the national policy on education
  • Need for guidance and counseling in Nigerian schools.
  • The school guidance services
  • Problems militating against effective guidance as discussed by other researchers/scholars
  • Summary of the chapter

Concept of Guidance and Counseling

Various authors have used the term “guidance” and “counseling” either to the mean different things or to mean the same thing. Due to this, many texts use the term interchangeably. However, the general consensus amongst professionals in that guidance is an umbrella name for all the helping services. To a layperson, guidance simply means to guide or direct someone toward a certain goal but to the professional guidance counselor, it involves a much deeper meaning (Oladele, 1987)… (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)

  • Guidance

Ipaye (1983) sees guidance as an umbrella term that covers all the means whereby an institution identifies and responds to the individual needs of students, thereby helping the individual to develop his/her maximum potentials… (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)

  • Counseling

Counseling involves a wide range of procedures including advice-giving, support in times of need or trouble, information giving encouragement, and test interpretation. Counseling is perceived as part of the guidance program involving a more personalized process that involves a one – on – one relationship or small groups.

Counseling deals more intensively wit personal and emotional issues, it is very private and confidential… (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)

Brief History and Development of Guidance and Counseling in Nigeria

Africa communities had always had their own guidance counselors that fitted into their own cultures; usually, guidance counseling was carried out by traditional helpers who help people solve their personal problems (Oken, 1984).

Mankinde (1983) in Idowu (1998) identified these traditional helpers in the various African cultures as Dibia and Ogabfu amongst the Igbos, Babalawo amongst the Yorubas, Uzenakpo amongst the Ibibios, and Obozi amongst the Tive – Igalas in Nigeria. (Across Africa, Bugisu – Ugandas) calls them Omufunmu, Tanzania use Nganga and Malagsy says its Sikidy… (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)


Research Design 

In conducting this research, a questionnaire has been designed to help the researchers acquire the needed information. The questionnaire has sections A, B, C, and D, section ‘A’ contains students’ information, section ‘B’ contains subjects offered in the schools, while section ‘D’ contains career choice and aspiration of students.

Population of the Study

The population of this study is secondary school in Odeda Local Government Area … (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)



In this chapter, the result of the investigations is presented. The data collected was analyzed using the frequency distribution table and simple percentage.

Presentation of Data

Table 1: Distribution According to Career Choice of Female Students.

  Careers   Frequency   Percentage
  Teaching and related professions   55   27.5
  Health and related professions   64   32
  Engineering   30   15
  Law   20   10
  Business and related professions   20   10
  Others   11   5.5
  Careers   200   100

In other to find out the career choice of the students, the respondents were asked whether they had decided on a career they hope to pursue in future. 98% of the students responded positively, while the remaining 2% indicate they had not decided on any career… (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)


An encouraging development covered by the study was the high level of education of parents. This could be attributed to the growing awareness among parents and the populace that education is a vehicle for rapid social and economic development. This also revealed why there is no clash of interest between the students and their parents on the issue of career choice.

This is an agreement with the fact that a very high educational attainment on the part of parents brought about awareness which results into freedom for the students to choose a career different from their parents, and as a result acceptance of that career choice by the parents… (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)




This research is derided into five chapters, chapter one contains the background of the study, statement of the problem, objectives of the study, research question, significance of the study, scope, and delimitation. Chapter Two is a review of related literature where we look at the various works done by other scholars who are directly or indirectly related to this work.


It has been established in this study that science and medical professions were more sought careers by the students. In this aspect, even female students are not left out at all. There are no many differences between careers sought for, by female and male students. This development as earlier pointed out is a welcomed one especially in the area where this study had been conducted. It was also observed that most of the student chooses the base of their career on personal interest and ability… (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)


As a country Nigeria is blessed with children that possess diverse ability .it is the responsibility of the country to harness these talents. One of the ways of harnessing these talents is through qualitative education because no nation can rise above the quality and strength of it is the educational system, a great economy demands great education systems. It is in the realization of these needs that the following suggestion and recommendations are made.

Students shall be properly guided in making the right career choice by the authorities concerned. Qualified teachers should be employed to teach the students in other for them to make their dreams a reality… (Click the Link Below For the Complete Project Material)

counseling services


Achebe, C.C. (1982), Assessing the Vocational Maturity of Students east in Central states of Nigeria: Enugu hilltop press ltd. Pp.45.

Bamgbaiye (2000) NCE Lecture Note on Guidance and Counseling, S.S.C.O.E Ogun

Carew (1985) Guidance Services in Adult Education. University press, Lagos PP 71

Dobson (1974) The Role of Follow-up in Guidance Services, a Paper presented at B.UK

Dobson, J.S. Ewens, W.P. & SCALS J.M (1974). Career Guidance a System Approach. Kendal press Lagos p. 587. 588

Ezekwesil, O.(2006) Obasanjo Reforms to Education Sector. N.E.R.D.C. Lagos.

Fafunwa, A.B.(1974). History of Education In Nigeria, London George Allen and Unwin ltd pp.68

Federal Republic of Nigeria (1997) National Policy on Education, National Education Research Development Council (N.E.R.D.C.) Lagos

Harr, E.L. and Grammar, S.H.(1972)Vocational Guidance and Career Development in the Schools Towards, a system Approach. Boston Houghton Mifflin company pp.16

Idowu, A.L. (1998) Guidance and Counseling. Educational Indemac Publications Nigeria ltd p.42.

International Encyclopedia Britannica (1978). (Counseling Services)

Ipaye (1983) Educational and Vocational Guidance: Concept and Approaches. University of Ife press pp 29. (Counseling Services)

Kolo (1991) Conditions, Techniques and Skill for Counseling Process Pub. (Counseling Services)

Joe Associates, Lagos

Kolo, F.D. (1999) Components of a Functional School In Nigeria: a Counselor’s Perspective. Joefegan associates Ltd Kaduna. (Counseling Services)

Kolo, I.A. (1997) Hints on Career Guidance In Schools And Leisure, Lagos. pp.26. (Counseling Services)

Kutara (1977) Lecture Note on Guidance and Counseling University Of Jos. (Counseling Services)

Makinde (1987) Comparative Analysis of Modern and Traditional Guidance: paper presented at university of Accra Ghana. (Counseling Services)

Melvin, U.C. (1989) Students and their Aspiration Among Federal Unity Schools, Franc Platt,  Hyon PP 39. (Counseling Services)

Musa, D.B. (1993) Career Choice of Science Students In Ogun State, Unpublished B-Ed Dissertation, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Ogun. (Counseling Services)

National Policy on Education (1981), (Counseling Services)

National Policy on Education (2004). (Counseling Services)

Nwezelin, G.M. (1988). Factors Affecting Vocational Aspirations of Students Lolemen press Lagos. (Counseling Services)

Okons, C.N. (1996) Careers in Nigeria. London: Evans Brothers pp.33. (Counseling Services)

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counseling services

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