CAUSES AND IMPACT OF CHILD TRADE ON THE EDUCATION OF THE VICTIMS: A CASE STUDY OF IFE CENTRAL LOCAL OSUN STATE
This study examined the impact of child trafficking on the personality and academic adjustment of junior secondary school students in the Nigerian state of Osun. This study utilized an after-the-fact design. This study’s population consisted of 264 victims and non-victims of child trafficking. A technique of opportunistic sampling was utilized for the study. This study was guided by three research questions and three null hypotheses.
Psychological stress inventory, Beck Depression inventory, and Bell academic adjustment inventory were utilized for this study. Version 20 of the SPSS statistical package was used to analyze the data. Using the mean, standard deviation, and independent t-test, the data were analyzed. The findings indicate that there are differences between victims and non-victims of child trafficking with regard to their personality psychological stress, personality depression, and academic adjustment.
Child trafficking victims experience greater personality psychological stress than non-victims (t = 15.931, p = 0.000), and they also experience greater depression (t = 31.482, p = 0.000). The academic adjustment of non-victims is superior to that of child trafficking victims (t = 31.682, p = 0.000) It was suggested, among other things, that victims and non-victims of child trafficking be educated about the effects of child trafficking on the personality and academic adjustment of school-aged children.
1.1 Context of the study
Child trafficking continues to be a heinous reality in our society. Human trafficking of children is a worldwide problem. In parts of Africa, Eastern Europe, the Caribbean, and Latin American nations, its growth rate has transformed over the years into a frosty teeming one, which has reached its peak and shows no signs of abating. It is crucial to note that the increase in cases of child trafficking in Nigeria is due to the unrelenting efforts of the business’s operators and profiteers, who are quick to cite unprecedented poverty and the near absence of life’s essentials as their motivation.
Child trafficking has damaged the state’s reputation. Child trafficking is our major economic problem. Since we began our journey toward nationhood or society Due to unemployment, the problem of child trafficking has posed the greatest obstacle to physical progress on this path. Due to this, there has been a steady outflow of young men to other countries over the past decade. This has the indirect effect of leaving our society underpopulated and underdeveloped.
Second, Nigeria has been plagued by a multitude of issues. The majority of problems are attributable to the pervasiveness of social ills that impede society’s development. As a result of the social ills that currently impede the country’s development, child trafficking has become pervasive and now occupies a preeminent position among the social ills that pervade Nigeria.
Recent estimates by the International Labor Organization (ILO) indicate that over 12 million Nigerian children, particularly in Edo State, participate in child labor. In addition, the survey estimated that over 10,000 Nigerians engage in prostitution in Italy, constituting a significant portion of the Italian sex market. The majority of these women and girls are initially victims of human trafficking.
Many people, particularly women and children, are enticed with the promise of high-paying jobs and then sold into prostitution or forced labor. Many children and women are forcibly or fraudulently recruited, transported, and housed for sexual or labor exploitation as a result of child trafficking, which is considered to be modern-day slavery.
Typically, victims of child trafficking are forced to engage in sexual activity against their will and under duress. However, they are also employed as farm and fishing laborers, janitors, and domestic workers. Thirdly, child trafficking is the fastest growing criminal industry in the world, with the total annual revenue for trafficking in persons exceeding two hundred and fifty thousand persons, mostly female (i.e. sixty percent of those between the ages of twelve and eighteen, and forty percent of those older than eighteen) being trafficked across the Nigerian borders annually, particularly in Oredo, Edo State, and other parts of Edo State.
Today, the business of human trafficking is organized by groups also involved in weapons and drugs, in collusion with government officials in a dozen nations. There is little doubt that it is in the business of treatment and possibly one of the most challenging to combat.
They are less visible than the effects of gun trafficking and smuggling. By taking advantage of the poverty and low status of women in the developing world, middlemen are able to link the supply and demand for cheap labor and sex in ways that were previously impossible. Although the fact of child trafficking is not difficult to comprehend, its scope and classification continue to expand daily.
The educational curriculum may have overlooked this issue, so no space was made for these social ills. The subjects that deal with morals, i.e. Christian religious knowledge and Islamic religious knowledge, are gradually being phased out because some employers are not hiring teachers for these courses.
Our children are only exposed to the vices and virtues of society through social studies in junior high school. Students have no choice but to adapt to the fictitious life of wealth, flamboyance, and greed that has made human trafficking, particularly of women, a huge success in our society.
Human trafficking is the illegal trade and commerce of children. It is the aspect of slavery that relies on direct purchase, as opposed to the “natural increase” resulting from the enslavement of the children of slaves. The United Nations (UN) defines “trafficking in persons” as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring ort reception of persons by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion of abduction of fraud or deceptions, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments to obtain the consent of a person, having control over another’s for the purpose of exploitation.
1.2 DESCRIPTION OF THE PROBLEM
As a global issue, this study frightens the growth rate of our economy and threatens the lives of people around the world; it has also tarnished the state’s reputation. Particularly in Nigeria, child trafficking has increased as a result of unemployment; children have left the country in search of money, resulting in its underdevelopment. The purpose of this study is to investigate the immediate causes and effects of child trafficking in Nigeria. Because people failed to recognize the impact it would have on the nation.
The researcher hopes that this project will aid in reducing child trafficking both at home and in schools. The problems that the researcher plans to investigate are as follows:
What effects does child trafficking have on Nigeria’s youth?
What are the causes of teenage and adult child trafficking in Nigeria?
What effects does child trafficking have on the nation?
What impact does child trafficking have on the living conditions of Nigeria’s youth?
What potential challenges does Nigeria’s society face in regards to child trafficking?
The Purpose of the Study
These are the objectives of this study:
To compare the impact of child trafficking on the psychological stress levels of victims and non-victims attending Junior High School in the state of Osun.
To examine the impact of child trafficking on personality depression among Junior High School students in Osun state, comparing victims and non-victims.
To investigate the impact of child trafficking on the academic adjustment of Junior Secondary School students in Osun, comparing victims and non-victims.
To direct this investigation, the following research questions have been developed:
What personality and psychological stress differences exist between victims and non-victims of child trafficking among Junior High School students in the state of Osun?
What is the difference in personality depression between victims and non-victims of child trafficking among Junior High School students in the state of Osun?
What academic adjustment differences exist between victims and non-victims of child trafficking among Junior High School students in the state of Osun?
The following hypothetical statements are derived for this study’s purposes.
There is no significant difference in personality psychological stress between victims and non-victims of child trafficking among Junior High School students in Osun state.
There is no significant difference in personality depression between victims and non-victims of child trafficking among Junior Secondary School students in Osun.
There is no significant difference in academic adjustment between victims and non-victims of child trafficking among Junior Secondary School students in Osun.
1.6 Importance of the Research
This study will be of great significance because it will provide essential information on the causes, effects, and solutions to child trafficking in Nigeria. This study would be relevant to every parent as it pertains to the development of Nigerian children, which directly or indirectly affects every home.
Therefore, studying and analyzing press coverage on issues pertaining to children is essential to the overall development of Nigeria, as it would provide insight into the current circumstances of our children and serve as a guide for preparing them to make meaningful contributions to the development of society.
The findings will advance the frontier of knowledge in the field of mass communication, serve as a knowledge repository, and contribute to the existing literature in the field of mass communication. In addition, it will assist the National Agency for the Prohibition of Traffic in Persons and Other Related Matters (NAPTIP), the Government, and other Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO) in determining the extent to which the press has covered child trafficking-related issues. It will also serve as a resource for future researchers on the subject.
1.7 RADIUS AND RESTRICTIONS OF THE STUDY
This research focuses on the causes and effects of child trafficking in Nigeria. This research will also seek solutions to the problems associated with child trafficking. However, the research is limited by the following factors:
Time: the researcher’s available time for the study was a significant limitation, as he or she had to balance other academic obligations with the study.
Finances: The financial resources available to the researcher during the course of the study do not permit a broader scope due to the researcher’s other academic obligations.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Human: Relating to humans as opposed to God or animals; characterized by the presence of feelings.
Movement of people along roads and streets, of an aircraft in the sky, a transport business conducted by a railroad or steamship line, etc.
Slavery is the condition of being a slave or being sold into a country.
Illegal: Contrary to the law
Profiteer: A person who earns disproportionately large profits illegally.
Madams: individuals who traffic women and force them into prostitution abroad.
Persons involved in human trafficking.
Personal property used for sexual exploitation.
This is an economically significant endeavor undertaken for the primary purpose of acquiring customers.
A harbor is a safe haven for ships.
A fraudster is someone who engages in dishonest dealings and pretends to be someone else.
Exploitation is the act of exploiting for one’s own benefit.
The state of being poor is poverty.
Prostitution is the act of a woman offering her body for sexual gratification to anyone willing to pay for it.
Substances used for medical purposes, alone or in combination.
Misuse is the improper use of something, such as drugs.
Bond: An agreement or engagement that a person is legally bound to observe, especially if it has legal force; a signed and sealed document containing such an agreement; to enter into such an agreement with someone.
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