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AN EVALUATION OF THE NATURE AND IMPACT OF PLANNING ON ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE A CASE STUDY OF DANGOTE GROUP OF COMPANY

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AN EVALUATION OF THE NATURE AND OF PLANNING ON NISATIONAL A CASE OF DANGOTE GROUP OF ANY

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1      BACKGROUND OF THE

In majority of organization in Nigeria, planning is the most important management tool for performance and for organizations to perform well, resources must be well utilized and customers well served. To achieve such ends, all of an organization‟s human and resources must be well utilized in the right way and the right time to create high quality products at minimal cost.

Formally defined, productivity is a summary measure of the quantity and quality of work performance, with resources taken into account. It can be measured at the individual, group, or organizations level, Productivity may be expressed as success into dimensions of organizations performance, effectiveness and

efficiency.Organization has been collective in order to achieve group or individual objectives. They serve as the means by which goods and services are provided beyond the boundaries of an individual or small group’s capacity of self-sufficiency. Such provision, also acknowledged, may be made for profit through some other more controlled framework of or social provision (Dawson 1996).However, Planning on the other hand, is regarded as the most basic of all the management functions. It involves the selecting from among alternative future course of action for the organization as a whole and every department or section within it. Furthermore, it requires selecting organizationalobjectives and departmental goals, determines and provides a rational approach to pre-selected objectives. It strongly implies managerial innovation and the ability to create something (koontz 1980). The problem which underscores the need to undertake this study is aptly described by Koontz et al (1980) with all the interest in planning and all the sense of urgency brought about by modern super competition,

is the danger that planning can become merely a costly fad, not very useful and even disillusioning. The implication of the above assertion is that not all organization that plan eventually reaps the desired benefits. Schermerhorn (1986) adds that most planning failures arise from their inability of managers to truly understand

the planning and to implement it well.Problems have been identified in the planning process. For instance, insetting objectives, organizations find it difficult to involve employees, shareholders

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