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This initiative investigates the prevalence of truancy among secondary school students in the Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. On the causes of truancy in secondary institutions, a thorough investigation has been conducted. In order to guide the researcher in administering questionnaires, research queries are formulated prior to conducting the study.

There is also a review of relevant literature on secondary school absenteeism and how to address the issue. The questionnaires administered to instructors, students, and school administrators of the selected schools served as the primary instrument for data collection. In addition, there is the presentation, acquisition, and analysis of data.

A concise survey of truancy among secondary school students in Edo State was conducted initially. The rate of this undesirable behaviour in schools had reached an alarming level, prompting the government and parents to intervene in an effort to halt the unsightly trend.




Citizens’ lack of commitment and dedication to the course of national progress is one of the most significant problems confronting Nigerian society today. This is the manifestation of school indiscipline, of which truancy is a component. The elimination that can be accomplished by reorganising the essence and structure of society. From the vegetative roots through the family, secondary school, and other social institutions.

In addition, the school, as an agent of socialisation and training for future leaders and industry-required labor, is confronted with severe issues that invariably influence society as a whole. The problem is truancy, which is a form of disobedience.

A child is truant when he or she deliberately misses school without a reasonable or acceptable excuse. The school as an institution should be able to provide utilitarian services that are tailored to government and societal needs, such as the ability to teach morals, punctuality, regularity, honesty, and work ethic, among others.

This means that schools should be able to produce disciplined minds that are free of all forms of disobedience, including truancy, bullying, and delinquency. This is made obvious by Giedugba (1996), who defines discipline as the training of students during the transition from childhood to adulthood. Therefore, by the time they reach adulthood, they are thoroughly equipped for social, economic, emotional, material, intellectual, and sexual life.

Most parents have trouble getting their children to attend education. School authorities and others have issues with children who attend school only once in a blue moon. The parents of these children express optimism that their children are in school, not realising that they are loitering inside or outside the school grounds. This act of disobedience is known as truancy.

This is accomplished by their absence from the location where they are expected to perform such duties. Many students now wander the streets during school hours in quest of jobs as bus conductors to earn a pitiful wage that will not be used to purchase educational materials but rather to live in early opulence.

According to Rozumah Baharudin (2003), the movement of students from one class to another gives some students the opportunity to skip class. This gives the students delight and ultimately encourages them to play truant. Mahadzir also implored the school administration to make efforts to ensure that schools become enjoyable places for their students in order to combat the prevalence of truancy among students whose mothers are not employed.

In addition, the relationship between instructors and students, facilities that encourage their attendance at school, and the concerns of parents and the community may be factors that contribute to the solution of the problems. Numerous parents abdicate responsibility for their children, resulting in truancy.

Truancy as an act of behavioural disorder has served as a major source for other social vices in Nigerian society, which is of great concern to the government, parents, and educators. Some of these social vices increase the rate of secondary school dropouts, juvenile delinquency, drug abuse among youths, teen pregnancy, and youth involvement in crime, among others.

It has been said that if the pupils haven’t learned, the teacher hasn’t taught. Thus, truancy has a negative impact on teachers. Therefore, absenteeism makes it impossible to objectively evaluate a teacher’s teaching ability. It may hinder the instructor’s ability to state I did a good job.

If school authorities decide to base the promotion of the teacher on the performance of the students, including the performance of the truant, the teacher will have little or no chance of earning a promotion. If the truants’ performance in school falls short of expectations, the teacher will have a very poor reputation in the community. The school as an institution has lost the ethos of the war against indiscipline as a result of the effect of truancy. (WAI).

The increase in the number of adolescent females who are unlawfully impregnated is attributable to the fact that, instead of attending school, they roam the streets, where they can be duped into engaging in sexual activities. Also, a large number of juveniles are caught in theft cases today, which is not permitted. Unattendance has undoubtedly contributed to the student’s examination failure.


Absenteeism is one of the school discipline issues that have become more offensive. Increasing numbers of secondary school pupils are inclined to skip class. Parents who labour full-time have little time for their children. Will parents be held primarily responsible for the existence of school truancy problems? When pupils from multiple classes are merged into one for the purpose of facilitating instruction, low attendance is likely to occur.

Isn’t this the attitude of some parents who encourage their children to learn? Later, as they progress through school, students will discover various reasons to excuse themselves from attending classes. Eventually, they would abandon their plans with companions and engage in deviant behaviour and loitering elsewhere. Students who lack sufficient awareness will engage in illicit behaviour and begin to violate school regulations in an aggressive manner.

The question is, if parents are responsible for shaping the character and behaviour of their children, why do discipline issues persist in the school environment? According to Patterson (1989), the destructive family environment may not be restored if the culpable parties do not provide assistance.

Students must attend class routinely and on time if they are to accomplish anything worthwhile. However, it is discovered that many secondary school pupils do not adhere to this rule. It is conceivable that this has resulted in inadequate academic performance, as evidenced by school certificate results, particularly at the majority of schools in the Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.

The following issues have been raised to assist the researcher in finding solutions to the aforementioned problems:

What is the most prevalent incidence of truancy among secondary school students?

How frequently do pupils absent themselves from school?

In what manner do students deceive during examinations?

How often do students deceive while completing classwork?

How disruptive are students during classroom instruction?

How frequently do students arrive at school late?

7. How often do students engage in conflict at school?


This research aimed to accomplish the following objectives:

a. To determine whether pupils are regularly or occasionally absent from school.

b. To ascertain the extent to which students cheat on examinations?

c. Examine or discover the extent to which students deceive during classwork.

d. To investigate the frequency of student disruptions during class.

g. Determine the extent to which students mistreat school property.

f. To determine the frequency of student conflict in the institution.


Based on the aforementioned issues, the following research questions have been formulated to investigate the various cases of truancy among secondary school pupils in the Egor local government area.

a. Are there significant differences in the incidence of truancy between urban and rural schools?

b. Is there a difference in how males and females perceive the frequency of absenteeism?

c. Do instructors of lower and upper classes perceive a difference in the frequency of absenteeism among their students?


This study aims to provide parents in the Egor Local Government Area with a greater understanding of the implications of their children’s absences from secondary education. Also, it is anticipated that this study will assist secondary school administrators in the Egor Local Government Area to benefit from the improved academic performance of their students and thereby improve the schools’ reputations.

Lastly, it is anticipated that it will assist Local Government Authorities in recognising truancy among secondary school students, which may lead to an increase in the dropout rate, which in turn may lead to a high rate of juvenile involvement in criminal activity.


The scope of this survey is limited to secondary schools in the Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. The investigation is limited to a study of truancy in secondary schools, specifically in the selected institutions.


The deliberate absence of a pupil from school without the knowledge and consent of parents or school authority constitutes truancy.

Juvenile: A person under the age of 18 years old.

Any antisocial behaviour that violates the norms and values of a particular culture or society constitutes delinquency.

School administration is the supervision, control, and management of all school-related issues.

Self-control and conformity to the norms of the system of which one is a member or party constitute discipline.

Indiscipline is characterised by lack of self-control, lack of cooperation, and blatant disregard for established authority.

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