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Background Of The study

Waste generation and disposal are an inextricable component of any developing or industrial society. Over the last decade, waste from both residential and commercial sources has increased dramatically in Nigeria.

Every time a householder goes to the store or the open market, he adds to the mound of rubbish. It is conceivable to cite numbers indicating that waste output amounts to millions of tonnes.

In the last 15 years, the proportion of Nigerians living in cities and urban regions has more than doubled.

Cities and metropolitan regions are constantly expanding, which adds to massive amounts of solid and liquid waste creation. Waste management is an issue of national and worldwide concern.

The problem is not the volume of waste, but the ability or unwillingness of governments, individuals, and waste disposal companies to keep up with the work of managing waste and the environment.

There is no doubt that a polluted environment has an impact on people’s living standards, aesthetic sensibility, health, and thus the quality of their life.

The implication is that incorrect disposal or storage of this waste can endanger society by polluting the air, land, and especially water. In this study, we will concentrate on household garbage. We will discuss some of the issues that have arisen in the handling of this type of trash in Nigeria today.

It will be observed that Nigeria has not done well in addressing the problem of residential trash. This is despite the fact that improved management solutions for home trash management exist today and have been applied in many regions.

We shall make proposals to help address this issue, which appears to be thwarting the efforts of international organisations, the federal government, city authorities, states, and specialists alike.

The ineffective solid waste management plans and arrangements implemented in Nigerian cities give the false impression that urban waste management issues are intractable.

This stems from the fact that collection and evacuation rates are permanently slower than creation rates, making solid waste accumulation a major cause of environmental nuisance in Nigerian towns. As a result, waste management is concerned with the interaction of waste generation, storage, collection, and final disposal (Omuta, 1988).

Sada (1984) stated that in 1980, a total of 100 metric tonnes of solid trash were piled up everyday in Benin City. This is due to the fact that, whereas around 350 metric tonnes of solid waste are generated daily, the maximum rate of evacuation attainable was only 250 metric tonnes per day.

According to Uchegbu (1988), large cities in Nigeria, such as Port Harcourt, Lagos, and Kano, produce an average of 46kg of solid trash per person, every day.

People consume more and generate more garbage as their living conditions grow. Because of its pleasant living environment, Uyo city has transformed into a resort centre since the 1990s, attracting an influx of weekend leisure seekers.

These weekend visitors simply come to Uyo to rest, eat, and enjoy themselves, contributing significantly to the city’s weekly garbage generation. According to Atuegbu (2007), 500 to 850 metric tonnes of trash are created everyday in Uyo.

The rate of waste generation at Itam market is so great that a refuse disposal site that was removed the day before might be replaced with an equal volume of waste the next morning, giving the false appearance that it was never cleared before. The situation is similar to AkpanAdem market in Uyo Metropolis.

Statement Of The Problem

Many people in African countries, including Nigeria, see the concern for appropriate waste management systems as a minor issue that may divert focus away from the more pressing and critical problem of achieving rapid economic growth. This mindset is influenced in part by the assumption that environmental deterioration and waste generation are unavoidable costs of progress.

significance of the research

The goal of this research is to propose waste management solutions that will successfully handle waste management concerns, and Uyo metropolitan was utilised for the study.

Objectives Of The study’s

This study’s aims include, but are not limited to;

1. To find out if there are any waste management measures in Uyo.

2. To see if there is a link between waste generation and waste management plan.

Research Questions

The following questions were posed in order to attain the aforementioned objectives:

1. Is there a waste management policy in place in the city of Uyo?

2. What is the significance of the relationship between trash generation and waste management strategy?

3. What are the trash management measures in Uyo metropolis?

Research Hypotheses

There are no waste management strategies in Uyo metropolitan. : There are trash management strategies in Uyo metropolis. There is no substantial association between garbage generation and waste management strategies. There is a strong link between garbage generation and waste management strategies.

Limitations Of the Study

The study was conducted to explore trash management solutions in a city. The investigation was hampered by two key factors: money constraints and time constraints.

Scope Of The study

The research focuses on garbage generation and management strategies, with Uyo as a case study.

Definitions Of Terms

Waste is a material, substance, or by-product that is undesired or unusable.

Waste management is the process of collecting, transporting, and disposing of garbage, sewage, and other waste products.

Waste Management Strategy: This is the process of dealing with human and organic waste, which includes trash minimization, handling, processing, storage, recycling, transport, and final disposal.

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