THE ROLE OF THE INDEPENDENT NATIONAL ELECTORAL COMMISSION IN THE GENERAL ELECTION IN NIGERIA IN 2003, 2007, AND 2011.
THE STUDY’S BACKGROUND
The Independent National Electoral Commission-INEC is the body in charge of conducting the 2011 general election in all 36 states and the federal capital territory.
The commission’s role is to ensure that elections are free and fair, and to announce the winners of all elections across the federations. It was established to replace Nigeria’s previous electoral body, the National Electoral Commission (NECON). General Abdulsalami Abudakur’s administration established the current INEC, with Justice Ephraim Akpata as the chairman.
Justice Akpata oversaw the 1999 elections, and after his death in January 2000, the administration of President Olusegun Obasanjo appointed Able Guobadia to the position, which was confirmed by the senates of the federal republic of Nigeria. Abel Guobadia was in charge of the 2003 general elections, and President Obasanjo was re-
Professor Maurice Iwu took over after Abel Guobadia retired in June 2005. Professor was in charge of the 2007 general elections that brought President Musa Yar Adua’s administration to power.
Professor Iwu was succeeded as chairman on June 8, 2010 by Professor Aattahiru Muhammadu Jega, who was charged with overseeing the 2011 general election.
On the 18th of April, 2011, riots erupted in most of the states in the country’s North West, North Central, and North Eastern geopolitical zones, shortly after the results of the presidential election held on the 16th of April, 2011, were announced. The riot was the culmination of a series of events that began in January 2011 and reached a climax after the presidential election results were announced.
As a result, a presidential panel was formed with the following terms of reference to invest gate the violence following the 2011 general election:
1) To investigate the immediate and remote causes of the wave of unrest that followed the presidential election and make appropriate recommendations on how to avoid a recurrence in the future.
2) Determine the number of people who died or were injured as a result of the violence.
3) Determine the scope and extent of loss and damage to means of livelihood, as well as the cost of damage to personal, public, and religious properties, and make appropriate recommendations.
4) Investigate the sources of weapons used in the unrest and make recommendations on how to stop the illegal flow of such weapons into the country.
5) To investigate any other incidental or relevant to the unrest and advise the government as necessary.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
To the presidency, which frequently gave INEC too much title money for it to function properly.
Due to squabbles between the central government’s executive and legislative branches, the first electoral law since the 1998/99 election was delayed.
Nothing could be more unfair, according to the chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), than the public’s tendency to blame his commission for the crises that have bedeviled Nigeria’s electoral process, such as the problem with the registration of new political parties register or constituency delimitation, which has sparked internecine communal clashes in places like the Niger Delta region.
In the middle of January of 2003, the INEC chairman held an interactive session with top media executives in Lagos, during which he laid the blame for such crisis outside the body itself. “There is,” he said, the erroneous tendency to blame all shortcomings in the electoral process at the doorstep of the electoral commission.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
It has been observed that the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) played a different role in the elections of 2003, 2007, and 2011. As a result, the following objectives will be investigated:
1) To assess the extent to which the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has fulfilled its mandate.
2) To investigate the duties they are expected to perform during the election.
3) To investigate the difficulties encountered by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) during the election.
4) To propose a possible solution to the problem that the Independent National Electoral Commission is facing (INEC)
5) It is also intended to help educational planners, parents, and students learn more about INEC’s role in 2003, 2007, and 2011.
Most Nigerians are unaware of the Independent National Electoral Commission’s existence and the numerous services or roles it played in the transition of the 2003, 2007, and 2011 elections.
As a result, this project is intended specifically for Nigerian students and educated citizens, as well as all other citizens who are interested in it. Furthermore, this project will highlight the problems encountered by the Independent National Electoral Commission, as well as possible solutions to the identified problems.
Furthermore, the Independent National Electoral Commission will benefit from this project. This is because it will assist them in identifying their strengths and weaknesses, as well as ways to improve their performance.
QUESTIONS FOR RESEARCH
The following key research questions were developed to guide the study.
1) Do you believe the INEC will face any difficulties in conducting elections in 2003, 2007, and 2011?
2) Do you believe there is an incumbency effect?
3) Does your religion forbid voting?
THE STUDY’S OBJECTIVE
The majority of students are adolescent in age. This period of human development is now known as a period of storm and stress, and those who fall within it require special guidance from parents, teachers, brothers and sisters in order to achieve life satisfaction.
This research aims to provide students with a bright future in terms of people they will meet and experiences they will have later in life. The students must be familiar with themselves as well as other vital information related to INEC’s role in the 2003, 2007, and 2011 elections in order to generate a better understanding of how we intend to forward certain suggestions to INEC workers in order to generate interest.
It is critical to define the terms used in this study; however, the terms used in this study are as follows:
INEC stands for the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). This is the body in charge of election administration in Nigeria.
TRANSITION: The process of changing from one condition, form, stage, activity, or location to another.
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