THE impact OF social MEDIA ON SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT'S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
THE study'S BACKGROUND
People's interactions have changed as a result of technological advancements. The internet is now easily accessible through mobile phones that cost as little as $10,000. Service providers have assisted in making internet access more accessible by offering special deals.
Teenagers are among the most frequent users of technology in general, and social networking sites in particular (Lenhart, Madden, Macgill, and Smith) (2007b). According to recent reports, youth spend nearly 10 hours per day using some form of technology, with social networking media playing a significant role in their daily lives (Rideout, Foehr & Robert 2010).
According to Neelamalar and Chitra (2009), members of social sites can easily form groups (referred to as communities) and share their opinions among themselves via discussion threads, forums, and polls. According to their research on the impact of social networks on youth, 95 percent of those who are members of one or more social media spend between less than an hour and five hours per day on social media. They also discovered that 95 percent of young people use social media to reconnect with lost friends, maintain existing relationships, and share knowledge, ideas, and opinions.
Most educational institutions have gone a step further and blocked social media access through their networks, but it is important to remember that students own phones and other devices that they can use at home. As a result, both educators and parents must acknowledge that senior high students use social media extensively, and it is critical to determine the impact of social media on these students' academic performance.
STATEMENT OF THE problem
The transition from analog to digital technology has drastically altered the way people communicate in society. It is something that cannot be avoided. Many teenagers have joined and continue to join social media. Sunitha and Narayan (2010) observe that social networking has become a part of an increasing number of people's daily lives.
They also express concerns about how these social media platforms fit into the lives of these teenagers and what they learn from their participation. Is everything that is learned and shared on these social networking sites for academic purposes?
The content of social networking websites is the least monitored, and while these sites are popular with teenagers, they do have many issues such as addiction and even online bullying, which can have a negative impact on their academic performance.
According to Banquil and Chua (2009), social media has a negative impact on one's academics and causes a gradual drop in students' grades. They attribute this to the student spending too much time on social media rather than studying.
It is therefore critical to investigate whether, aside from communicating, social media play any other role in the lives of school-aged teenagers. With the foregoing in mind, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of social media usage by high school students on their academic performance.
THE STUDY'S OBJECTIVES
The primary goal of this research is to look into the effects of social media on academic performance in urban high schools.
To learn more about the types of information that high school students seek on online social media.
To determine what other purposes students use social media for aside from communication
To determine whether students use online social media to improve their academic performance.
QUESTIONS FOR RESEARCH
What types of information do high school students look for on social media?
Apart from communication, what else do students use social media for?
Are students using online social media to improve their academic performance?
1.6 STUDY OBJECTIVES
This study will focus on high schools in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State. It will only look at high school students' use of social media. This study's participants will be students, senior high school teachers, and parents.
1.7 THE STUDY'S LIMITATIONS
The study's limitation will be that the students who will be covered come from a variety of financial backgrounds. As a result, they have varying abilities to acquire technological devices such as laptops, iPads, and even smartphones. Students from affluent families have better access to the internet and more sophisticated gadgets, allowing them to do more online than students from low-income families. This study will only include students from high schools in Uyo, Akwa Ibom state.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
In order to carry out this research, the researcher will conduct relevant literature from previous authors. To ensure authenticity, the researcher will consult literature published within the last ten years. The outline below will be followed for the literature review.
A conceptual framework is a framework that contains ideas.
the theoretical framework
An empirical examination
DESIGN OF RESEARCH
The descriptive survey research design was used in this study. It serves as a plan that specifies how, when, and where data will be collected and analyzed (Parahoo, 1997). A descriptive survey research design is a method of gathering information from a sample of people by interviewing them or administering a questionnaire to them (Orodho, 2003).
This design intends to investigate existing relationships, prevalent practices, held beliefs and attitudes, processes, and the effects of emerging trends. It can be used to gather information about people, attitudes, opinions, habits, or any number of educational or social issues (Orodho & Kombo, 2002).
The purpose of this study was to gather information from teachers and students in Uyo high schools about the effects of social media on academic performance. Primary data sources were used. Questionnaires and interviews are examples of primary data sources.
This research design was relevant to this study because the researcher collected information through interviews and questionnaires, both of which were used in this research design.
subject of study
This research was conducted in Uyo, Akwa Ibom state. The sample was drawn from Uyo high schools using a non-probability sampling technique.
This study's research population was drawn from Uyo high schools. This is consistent with Kothari's (2004) contention that the target population is defined as the total number of respondents in the total environment of interest. This study's target population was high school students in Uyo, Akwa Ibom state. In Uyo, there are 66 high schools.
In Uyo, there are approximately 26,400 students enrolled in high schools. Senior high students were the primary respondents in this study because they are the ones who use social media and are the primary focus of this research. The researcher chose this population on the assumption that students attending Uyo high schools come from more affluent backgrounds and thus have greater access to the internet.
SAMPLE AND TECHNIQUE OF SAMPLING
An ideal sample should be large enough that the researcher can be confident, within certain limits, that a different sample of the same size drawn using the same procedures will yield roughly similar results (Wiersman;1995).
The non-probability sampling method was used in this study. The researcher uses this sampling method to select an informant based on the qualities the informant possesses.
The researcher determines what information is required and sets out to find people who can and are willing to provide the information based on their knowledge or experience (Bernard 2002, Lewis & Sheppard 2006). This method ensured that the sample chosen was truly representative of the population under consideration.
This study had a sample size of 250 people. This sample size was chosen after taking into account the time and resources available for this study. In Uyo, there are 66 senior high schools, each with an estimated population of 400 students, for a total estimated population of 26,400 students. Purposive sampling was used to select 10 schools (5 day schools and 5 boarding schools), with 5 students from each form drawn from each school.
The schools were chosen based on academic performance by the researcher. As a result, each school produced 20 students. The researcher chose two best performers, one average performer, and two poor performers from each form in the schools sampled.
Also, using purposive sampling, the researcher interviewed one teacher from each of the ten schools chosen. Purposive sampling was used to select the 40 parents who were interviewed. Parents from the Parents Teachers Association, class representatives, and general parents were chosen.
TECHNIQUE OF SAMPLING
The sample for this study was chosen using a non-probability sampling method. Respondents were purposefully sampled in order to obtain detailed information. This study was conducted in ten high schools that were chosen at random. Twenty students from each school were chosen for the study. That is, the students in each school were distributed evenly among the four classes. Instruments
According to Mugenda and Mugenda (1999), a researcher must create instruments to collect the necessary data. The instruments of study in this study were a questionnaire and an interview. A questionnaire is made up of a series of questions that are printed or typed in a specific order on a form or set of forms (Kothari, 2004). The interview method of data collection entails the presentation of oral-verbal stimuli and responses in the form of oral-verbal responses (Kothari, 2004).
The questionnaires were distributed to respondents, who then filled them out on their own to provide the necessary data for the study. Structured interviews were also conducted by the researcher. According to Kothari (2004), structured interviews involve the use of a set of predetermined questions and highly standardized recording techniques.
In a structured interview, the interviewer follows a strict procedure, asking questions in the form and order prescribed. This technique is ideal for descriptive studies like this one because it is cost-effective and provides a secure foundation for generalization.
PROCESS OF DATA COLLECTION
The researcher visited all of the schools under investigation and distributed questionnaires to students chosen through purposive sampling. The researcher then collected the questionnaires for data analysis. The researcher also conducted interviews with teachers and parents and documented the results. The questionnaires and interview findings were then carefully analyzed in order to produce a proper report.
DATA ANALYSIS AND processing
Quantitative analysis, according to Babbie (2004), is the numerical representation and manipulation of observations for the purpose of describing and explaining the phenomena that those observations reflect. The information gathered from the respondents' questionnaires was coded, entered, and analyzed on a computer using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS Version 16) programs so that the study's findings could be discovered. The results of the interviews were also used to answer the research questions for this study.
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THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT'S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE