THE EFFECT OF COVID 19 ON NIGERIAN SCHOOLS
The purpose of this material is to discuss the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic school closure in Nigeria. The journal made use of secondary data. This journal identified the following as the impact of COVID-19 on schools: a reduction in international education, a disruption in school academic calendars, a gap in teaching and learning, a loss of manpower in educational institutions, and a reduction in education budget. The journal suggests that the government take the following steps: increase school funding to allow institutions to manage the damage caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, school closures, and so on.
Nigeria's education system is divided into three parts: basic education (nine years), post-basic/senior secondary education (three years), and tertiary education (three years) (four to six years, depending on the program of study). According to Nigeria's most recent National Policy on Education (2004), basic education consists of nine years of formal (obligatory) schooling, divided into six years of elementary and three years of junior secondary education. Three years of senior secondary education are included in post-basic education. (WENR, 2017)
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) (MERS). These viruses were originally passed down from animals to humans. SARS, for example, was spread from civet cats to humans, whereas MERS was spread from a type of camel to humans.
Several coronaviruses have been identified in animals that have not yet infected humans. The term coronavirus is derived from the Latin word corona, which means crown or halo. Under an electron microscope, it appears to be surrounded by a solar corona.
The novel coronavirus, named SARS-CoV-2 by Chinese authorities on January 7, is a new strain that had not previously been identified in humans. Although human-to-human transmission has been confirmed, little is known about it.
As of April 4, more than 60,000 people had died from COVID-19, a highly infectious coronavirus-caused respiratory disease. According to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University, the number of people who have tested positive for COVID-19 has surpassed one million.
Countries all over the world are working feverishly to halt the spread of the coronavirus pandemic. The WHO declared the COVID-19 outbreak a global health emergency on January 30, raising the stakes even higher on March 11 when it declared the crisis a pandemic.
On February 27, Nigeria confirmed its first case in Lagos State: an Italian citizen who works in Nigeria returned from Milan, Italy on February 25 via the Murtala Muhammed International Airport, fell ill on February 26 and was transferred to Lagos State Biosecurity Facilities for isolation and testing. Nigeria currently has 199 COVID-19 cases, with two deaths and twenty recovered.
To stem the spread of the virus in Nigeria, the Federal Ministry of Education has ordered that all educational institutions close and students return home, as the number of reported COVID-19 cases has risen to 13. Sonny Echono, Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Education, told reporters on March 19 that the directive was part of the country's overall strategy to contain the virus's spread.
Nigeria has joined the growing list of African countries that have closed schools and universities. Most universities had already sent their students home prior to the permanent secretary's official announcement (Wikipedia, 2020).
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