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PUBLIC RELATIONS AS A TOOL FOR AIDING STAFF PRODUCTIVITY

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PUBLIC RELATIONS AS A TOOL FOR AIDING STAFF PRODUCTIVITY IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS A OF YABATECH STAFF

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE

In educational institution Public relations (PR) is defined as a planned and systematic management function to help improve the programs
and services of an education system (especially tertiary institutions of learning) (Ofuani, Sulaimon, & Adebisi, ; Okwelle & Agwi, ).
According to the scholar, public relation in (tertiary) academic institutions depends on a comprehensive two-way communication process
which involves both internal (e.g., staff and students) and external (e.g., general public, parents, communities and the government) publics
with the aim of arousing enhanced grasp of the tasks, goals, accomplishments and needs of the institution. Hence, public relation performs
a reinforcement role to organizational communication (Okwelle, 2010; Yahaya & Abubakar, 2017). Public relation is a critical tool for
enhancement of employee performance, establishing, fostering and developing growth and stability in any organization (Austin &
Pinkleton, 2015). Furthermore, Michnik (2015) highlighted that public relations concerns the total communication of any organization. In a
time when information is being regarded as power (Ofuani et al., ; Paul, 2016) it is important that communication channels and Public
relations practices are updated to meet critical needs and routine of their organizations, including public tertiary institutions (Adagala &
Michael, 2017). There are about two key resources in the organizational public relation industry which include information and
communication which are the raw material and the internal and external publics are the market for information and communication
services while management and employees are considered as the factors of service production (Ofuani et al., ; Paul, 2016). This
research will focus on the internal publics, specifically staff and workers. Hence, all these factors must be maximized to ensure that all
internal publics are effectively informed and enlightened about events, orders and developments in order to ensure symbiotic relationships
in the organization (Suchan, 2016). In this perspective, formal organizations such as tertiary educational institutions must deploy all the
available means to communicate effectively to the internal publics because communication is indispensable to job performance in any
organization (Adagala & Michael, 2017). In organizational public relation communication is regarded as a key element (Ritter, ; Sadia,
Salleh, Zulida, & Sazuliana, ). Oen, many problems occurring in an organization are attributed to defective or ineffective
communication. In most cases, management that is wont of keeping information that is supposed to be disseminated confidential, does not
communicate properly causes confusion among employees, who will strive to understand what they are required to, or not required to do
(Sadia et al., ; Wiñska, 2010), a phenomenon which, according to Sadia et al., () leads to what is referred to as “the catastrophe of
higher management in communication”. Communication defects or deficiency in organizational public relation practice inhibits job
performance and impedes organizational progress, which affects both employees and senior management who are the key actors of the
organization (Grunig & Grunig, 2009). Poor relationships with staff and other employees of the organization because of defective
communication imply that the organization may not achieve its goals (Okwelle, 2010). Furthermore, educational institutions require a bit
different method of regulating their operation styles; they require constant evaluation of the needs for effective communication to build
effective relationship with individuals and groups (Sharma, 2015). Tertiary educational institutions engage people from diverse
backgrounds hence, the need for effective communication in any public relation activity. For example, some issues were raised at a
symposium as well as matriculation and convocation lectures presented at the Polytechnic Damaturu (FEDPODAM) regarding
growing concerns for the need to address problems associated with poor channels of communication and PR between the management
and staff of the institution which often negatively affect management employee relationships and job satisfaction. Another example is, in
late 2016 an internal industrial action was embarked upon by members of both academic and non-academic staff unions of the institution,
an incident believed to be prompted by communication gaps between the management and the staff of the institution (Personal
communication, Information Unit, FEDODAM, 2016). One way of eliminating communication gaps and PR vacuums in an organization is by
timely and regular dissemination of the right information to the right publics via the appropriate medium (Austin & Pinkleton, 2015). It is
mandatory for organization to be keen in making sure that their internal publics receive adequate information, promptly and through
appropriate channels, in order to enable them to execute their responsibilities effectively (Johnson, Weaver, Kim, & Hocke, 2010). To
facilitate this, the right channels ought to be made accessible (available) by the organization (Cutlip, Center, & Broom, 2009; Grunig, 2009).
Dissemination of effective communication and goodwill-bearing public would create room for school managers to obtain feedback from
their internal publics by collecting information from funda areas of internal communication to make a distinction between the actual
situations against that which management perceives to be the situation (Adagala & Michael, 2017; Such an, 2016). Formal organizations such
as tertiary institutions of learning can achieve the goal of keeping their staff and other employees effectively informed by keeping their
communication channels open for the employees to inquire and to be given the right response by the management team (Grunig, 2009). A
good internal communication system is crucial to an organization because it ensures proper message flow to its public (Cutlip et al., 2009).
Organizations have a hierarchy, which is divided into units and sub units such as es, s and the management. The hierarchy
ensures effective flow of information and communication all the time through various channels (Grunig, 2015; Otubanjo, Amujo, & Melewar,
2010). Furthermore, effective communication and public relation are prime age of prime importance in an organization today in which good
public relation approach is utilized (Miner, 2005; Such an, 2016). The two concepts are functional elements in which the success of every
organization depends. Johnson et al. (2010) asserted that communication is the nervous system of an organizational group, providing the
information and understanding necessary for high morale and productivity. However, as a pre-condition for communication to be effective,
it must not only rest in the effective information between the people involved in the act but also people outside the organization (Austin &
Pinkleton, 2015). Thus, public relation and communications are key to what transpire in an organization, without which the organization’s
existence will be undermined (Cutlip et al., 2009). As communication is essential for life so is it funda in any organization (Lindeborg,
2014). Therefore, effective communication between organization and its public allows open and viable interaction with optimal input and
grants an enhanced performance in an organization (Johnson et al., 2010). This article aims to review literature surrounding enhanced
employee performance through public relation and effective communication in an organization and critically looks at how these two
concepts play the role of enhancing performance in an organization.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Today in any organization and office the public relations part is evident and essential. Function and role of this area is such important that
essentially there is no organization or office without it and their survival and continue the movement more than anything, depends on the
power and efficiency. Public relations are the most important body part of an organization. Oghojafor et. al () opine that the world
today is tyrannized by call for effectiveness, and workers, managers, s and organizations are always under pressure to be
effective. Studies globally have documented that excellent practice of public relations can greatly enhance the overall productivity of an
organization and employees. In their Excellence study, L. Grunig, J. Grunig, & Dozier (2015) suggested that public relations can provide the
value to an organization by identifying the strategic public that develop because of the consequences that organizations and public have
on each other by using symmetrical communication programs to develop and maintain quality relationships with these strategic public. In
spite of this, public relations practitioners have continued to struggle to define the role and place of PR in organisations and its contribution
to the organizational performance (Grunig et al.2015). If the above submissions are from the west economies where the PR industry is
arguably grown, the situation in Africa and specifically in Nigeria where PR as an industry is in its nascent stages calls for an examination.
Jjuuko (2014) says PR in Nigeria is in its infancy and even some big institutions neither have PR s nor a person in charge of
public relations. Globally, the vital roles public relations play in educational institutions has been underscored. Grillis (2010) opines that
many universities have set up PR units for the purpose of enhancing communication with their public. In concurring, Hirsh & Weber (2011)
claims that universities generally look to public relations units to manage crises, boost rankings, increase donations, and carry out a variety
of other tasks. However, Bruning & Ralston (2015) assert that the practice of public relations at most universities has been relegated to a
single office concerned primarily with managing institutional reputation. Private universities in Nigeria are faced with performance
challenges indicated by dwindling student enrollment, high staff turnover, limited cash flows among others (Nyamache, 2009). With PR
practice, even in grown economies still facing an identity crisis, questions abound as to whether PR practice in a developing economy like
Nigeria, and in less commercially viewed industry as education, is appreciated and given the eminence it requires to contribute to staff
productivity. This study therefore sought to unravel the impact of public relations on the productivity of staff in Nigerian tertiary
institutions.

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE

The major aim of the study is to examine public relations as a tool for aiding staff productivity in tertiary institutions. Other specific
objectives of the study include;

To examine the role of public relations in increasing the productivity of sta in tertiary institutionsTo examine the role of Public s in trust building in tertiary institutions.To examine the eect of public relations tools on sta productivity in tertiary institutions.To examine how public relations tools enhances management and sta relations in tertiary institutions.To examine the relationship between public relations and sta productivity in tertiary institutions

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE

The most outstanding hope of this study is that its findings will be of immense benefit to students, lecturers and staff of management of
tertiary institutions, which will help in minimize conflicts in these institutions. The study also gave an insight into the problem and practices
of public relations in Nigeria institutions of higher learning. This study by its objectives will not only assess the effectiveness of ified
public relation, but as its application and uses generally, therefore, when successfully this project wale or research work is carried out and
documented, it will save as a source of relevant information to many institution and organizations on the ways of using public relation and
its importance. Finally, public relation practitioners have been deprived of excellent performance in their operations because of shanty and
insufficient data and in-adequate literariness availability in this area. This study when successfully completed and adequately supervised
will be an addition to the essential literature needed in public relations, vital areas of marketing communication public relations
practitioners and consultants will therefore use it extensively for reference.

SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE

The study is restricted to public relations as a tool for aiding sta productivity in tertiary institutions, a case study of Yabatech sta Lagos
state.

1.8 LIMITATION OF THE

Financial constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or
information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview)
Time constraint: The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on
the time devoted for the research work.

PUBLIC RELATIONS AS A TOOL FOR AIDING STAFF PRODUCTIVITY IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS A OF YABATECH STAFF

PUBLIC RELATIONS AS A TOOL FOR AIDING STAFF PRODUCTIVITY IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS A OF YABATECH STAFF

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