Participation of the husband in prenatal care.
Participation of the husband in prenatal care.
Using Ikeja bag Local Government as a case study, this study studied men's engagement in antenatal care. It was intended to determine the role of min in antenatal difficulties and its impact on newborn development. This study's relevant literature and theories were used.
We used both primary and secondary data. A well-structured questionnaire of 200 was provided to respondents in Ikeja Local Government in Lagos state using stratified and incidental sampling approaches; 174 were returned, 15 were refused, and their replies were analysed using descriptive and non parametric statistics.
Men's engagement demonstrated the importance of ante-natal and post-natal care as it plays a significant influence in the sustainability of child development, socialisation process, and marital harmony. It was discovered that ante-natal care is a predictor of a child's development, marital bliss, and family harmony.
It was suggested that males should be aware that no woman carries a pregnancy without the contribution of “supplying the ingredients” that facilitate the pregnancy process. As a result, it is highly suggested during post-natal stages to provide women with a sense of care and love.
Furthermore, the birth of a child is insignificant without the active participation of parents in the basic socialisation process. As a result, men are called upon to help model child behaviour. Starting from the pre-birth period (ante-natal) to the post-natal state (post-natal), and cease hiding behind their profession, as this impacts the family structure and society as a whole.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In modern obstetrics, the ability to provide particular care for women during pregnancy through social or public health care or services was a relatively late development. As a very essential endeavour in current medical sociology, there is a call for more understanding of men's attitudes and practises towards their partner's pregnancy in order to influence the result of the pregnancy and the couple's risk of HIV/STDCI.
Within the realm of sexual and reproductive health. During the 1980s, there was a tacit, albeit gradual, awareness through health promotion that men played an important role in the health of women and the socialisation of children.
Taking inspiration from the World Summit for Children in (1990), the role of males in ante-natal clinic (ANC) services plays a faster couple communication and HIV preventive practises among pregnant women and provides the focus of an intervention. Men's antenatal engagement provides an opportunity to provide information on birth spacing, which is recognised as a significant component in improving in front of several.
A better understanding of foetal growth and development, as well as its association to maternal health, has heightened interest in the potential of antenatal care as an intervention to improve both material and newborn health. Tetanus immunisation during pregnancy can be life-saving for both mother and child, especially if the information is provided early in the pregnancy.
Preventing and treating malaria in pregnant women, managing anaemia throughout pregnancy, and treating STDs can all considerably improve overall results and maternal health. As a result, it was agreed that key outcomes such as birth weight might be decreased by combining interventions to improve women's nutritional condition and current illnesses (malaria STD(I)s) throughout pregnancy.
More recently, the possibility of men in the antenatal period as an entrance point for HIV prevention and care, particularly for preventing HIV transmission from mother to child, has sparked increased interest in the process of accessing and using antenatal care services. There is now widespread consensus that the focus of males in antenatal care treatments should be on enhancing material health, both as an end in itself and as a prerequisite for improving the health and survival of infants.
The world summit for children in 1990 adopted ante-natal care as a specific goal, namely “access by all pregnant women to prenatal care, trained attendants.” Baylies, C., and Bujra J. (2000) asserted that there is a potential for care of men during the ante-natal period to improve a range of health outcomes for women and children.
Similar goals have been expressed in other major international care conferences, such as the international conference on population and development in 1994, the fourth world conference on women in 1995, their five-year follow-up evaluations of the process, and the United Nations General Assembly special session on children in 2002.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Despite men's participation in antenatal care, many aspects of antenatal care, such as routine monitoring of height and weight gain, have not been demonstrated to reduce the incidence of senor morbidity and material fatalities. The risk strategy, used to identify which women are most at risk, has been demonstrated to be ineffective: most women who go on to experience life-threatening complications had no obvious risk indicators; those identified as being at risk often have uneventful deliveries.
Other antenatal interventions, such as the detection and treatment of anaemia and the management of sexually transmitted diseases or infections (STD(I)s), improve health without necessarily lowering the chance of death (Smith, 1998). Men not only functioned as gatekeepers, limiting women and children's access to health care, but their actions had a direct impact on the health of their spouses and children (Gallen et al, 1986).
Despite the significant discourse around men's involvement, men are still rarely targeted, and there are very few assessments of intervention in sexual and reproductive health that address issues from a maxulinity-centered perspective, or have an awareness of men's needs. Men's participation in antenatal care and its impact on women's reproductive health.
1.3IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
An investigation into men's engagement in antenatal care cannot be overstated given his importance to family union and children's health, among other things. Men's participation in antenatal care represents a relationship within the family sub-system. While both men and women agreed on the significance of providing financial support for the baby, women's definition of male involvement in ante-natal care includes marital stability difficulties.
This research will benefit married men and women, single people, health professionals, and the government. Nonetheless, there are three possible benefits to some aspects of antenatal care, and these benefits may be especially substantial in underdeveloped countries where mobility and death rates among reproductive-age women are high. The ante-natal period certainly presents opportunities for reaching pregnant women with a variety of treatments that may be critical to their health and well-being, as well as the health and well-being of their newborns.
The ante-natal phase is used to educate women and families about danger signs and symptoms, as well as the dangers of labour and delivery. It may also provide a method for ensuring that pregnant women birth with the support of a professional health care practitioner.
With a better understanding of antenatal care, materials health efforts are being refocused to ensure that women have access to care throughout the critical period around labour and delivery – when the majority of deaths occur – as well as referral for the management of obstetric crises. Thus, in developing countries, safe motherhood efforts tend to patronise the need for antenatal care.
1.4 OBJECTIVE THE STUDY
The primary goal of this research is to look into men's engagement in prenatal care. The following secondary goals will be investigated:
(1) To highlight the role of males in antenatal care intervention.
(2) To investigate men's involvement in postnatal care.
(3) To investigate men's attitudes towards women's reproductive health.
(4) Making appropriate recommendations for an effective method of involving men in women's reproductive health.
(5) To assess men's supportive responsibilities in preaed postnatal care.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following questions would have been answered at the conclusion of this research project.
(1) What is the rationale for prenatal care?
(2) Do men think about antenatal care as their responsibility?
(3) What are the health and social implications (if any) of men participating in antenatal care?
(4) What strategies could be used to engage males in prenatal care?
(5) What circumstances restrict males from participating in prenatal care?
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study will be limited to Ikeja Local Government in Lagos State, where a cross section of ante-natal men would be sampled based on their interaction with the researcher, with the hope that the results will be representative of other states in the country.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Some terms are explained to make the material more accessible to persons who are not necessarily health practitioners' medical sociology scholars.
ANTE-NATAL: the provision of particular care for pregnant women in order to enable a safe and easy delivery.
POST-NATAL CARE: The provision of particular care to women following delivery in order to check the baby's health.
9 OBSTETRCSThe surgical speciality concerned with the treatment of mothers and their children during pregnancy, children, and the pureperium (the period immediately following birth), derived from the Latin word obstare, “to stand by.” The majority of obstetricians are also gynaecologists.
ANTE-NATAL DEPRESSION: This is depression that some women experience when pregnant.
EMBRYO: ideas from fertilisation through 10 weeks of gestation.
From 10 weeks of gestation through the time of birth, the foetus
INFANT: from birth to one year of age
GESTATIONAL AGE: the period of time between the last menstrual period (LMP) and the present.
FIRST TRIMESTER: 14 weeks of pregnancy
SECOND TRIMESTER: 14–28 weeks of pregnancy
THIRD TRIMESTER: 2 weeks until birth.