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Chapter one

1.0 Introduction

Productivity is the foundation of any economy’s long-term sustainability. The issue of low productivity has been of tremendous concern to all levels of government. Government institutions and agencies are always operating at a loss due to low productivity.

Several academics have presented a variety of explanations for low employee productivity over the years. The purpose of this study is to investigate the idea of motivation as an instrument used by organisations to either boost or decrease productivity depending on how it is deployed, with a focus on individuals working in the Federal Civil Service, particularly at the National Assembly level.


People (workers) are the most significant production resource because they are required to activate all other resources. To put it another way, any organization’s growth and development are driven by people rather than money.

Workers are the primary means of achieving the organization’s goals, hence much care and attention should be paid to motivating them in order to increase productivity and assure organisational success.


An unmotivated employee poses a threat to the organisation and, by extension, society. His actions are marked by frustration, corruption, regression, idiocy, stubbornness, disengagement, and refusal to work. The aims of the organisation will be tough to fulfil if the owners or management do not understand what inspires or propels their personnel to be more productive.

The importance of incorporating motivating factors into organisational responsibilities, as well as staffing these jobs and the entire process of directing and leading people, must be based on motivational understanding.

An organization’s job is not to influence individuals, but to identify driving elements in order to develop an atmosphere that promotes productivity.

Motivation is derived from the Latin word ‘Movere’, which meaning to move. It is the process by which individuals are motivated to engage in conduct that will lead to the achievement of the organization’s goals. It affects what a person can do.

Motivation refers to people that are into their bob. It is the motivating factor that pushes and the indicators that sustain behaviour. Jones (1955, p. 27) describes it as: “How behaviour gets started, is energised, sustained, is directed, is topped and what kind of subjective reaction it presents in the organisation while all this is going on” .

It’s remarkable what individuals will or can accomplish if they’re motivated and valued in the workplace. An organization’s ability to elicit remarkable performance from its employees is critical to its success.

An organisation will be successful if it strives to help people feel good about themselves and others. People who feel good about themselves are more likely to be motivated to solve problems and passionate about their work; as a result, they will look for ways to get things done without being monitored and will respond to situations rather than reacting.

The purpose of this study is to use empirical investigations to determine whether workers’ productivity will rise if given the appropriate incentives, resulting in the achievement of the organization’s goals.


The Federal Civil Service occupies a large area of land, the centre of which is a concrete structure with a dome that distinguishes it from the structures of the other two branches of government.

This fundamental arrangement stems from the constitution (see Sections 47–51 of the 1999 constitution). However, in accordance with this constitutional framework, provisions for other political functionaries such as chamber Leaders, Party Leaders, Whips, and Committee Chairmen have been included in the standing rules of each chamber.

The clerks of the Senate and the House of Representatives oversee the legislative services of these houses, which also handle the administrative operations of their respective chambers and carry out legislative decisions. They are ultimately accountable to the clerk of the federal civil service and the presiding officers.

Each House has a Legislative Department, which is made up of officers who carry out legislative work for their respective chambers as well as implement or execute political decisions.

There are a number of established departments that provide specific services to help the lawmaking authorities of both houses achieve their aims. The Common Services Departments include the Administrative/Personnel Management Department, the Finance and Supplies Department

the Legislative Budget and Planning Department, and the Library, Research, and Computer Services Department. The seven departments supplement the two legislative departments. Senate and House of Representatives.

In addition to this mine department, there are four other primary units: the National Secretariat of Nigerian Legislatures, the Medical Services Units, the Internal Audit Units, and the Sergeant At Arms Units, all of which are directly supervised and controlled by the Clerk to the Federal Civil Service.

It has been stated that for a legislature to fulfil its traditional tasks of being functional, accountable, independent, and representational, various support services are required.

The parliament staff, led by the clerk of the legislature, are the primary providers of services to help members complete their tasks. He handles both houses’ legislative activities and serves as the Chief Administrative and Accounting Officer.

As the Civil Service’s main administrative officer, both houses have advised the two presiding officers on purely administrative problems affecting either house or both.

He also confers with the presiding officers as appropriate. He is available to all members of both chambers for legislative and administrative problems.

The Deputy Clerk to the Federal Civil Service assists him with all of these functions, as well as some special delegated duties. The Clerks of the Senate and the House of Representatives carry out legislative tasks as heads of their respective Houses’ Legislative Departments, reporting to the Clerk of the National Assembly as needed.

The two Clerks also serve as delegates in the administration of their respective chambers. The other legislative staffs, including the Deputy Clerks of the Senate and House of Representatives, will report to them. They work as chamber clerks.

The above mentioned common service departments provide a variety of services, including administrative, financial, planning and research, and legal, to assist members individually and collectively in easing their legal responsibilities. This research will focus on the above kinds of staff and the public services provided by the federal legislature.See Appendix 1.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Nigeria is regarded as one of the poorest countries in the world, not because of its abundant and natural resources, but because of the living standards of its people, whose per capita income is extremely low, resulting in low productivity and inefficiency.

To maintain her position in the community of nations, Nigeria must make conscious and deliberate efforts to elicit worker collaboration by inspiring them to boost production.

An unmotivated employee, as previously said, poses a threat to the organisation and, by extension, society. His productivity declines, his effectiveness and efficiency deteriorate, his morale suffers, and an uncommitted approach to work becomes a standard feature of the workforce. The picture drawn or described above is not unique to the federal civil service, which this study tries to analyse.

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