Project Materials




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Chapter one


1.1 Background of the Study

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a new concept that is quickly gaining traction in modern unavoidable processing. The concept is based on a thinking in which numerous items or innovations, such as RadioFrequency Identification (RFID) labels, sensors, actuators, cell phones, and so on, are connected to the Internet.

Every article has a unique position and can interact with other things. Things or items cooperate together to achieve a common goal. The Internet of Things (IoT) is a victory of appropriated registering frameworks that have a significant commonality in the ability to collect, process, and distribute data using remote and wired communication frameworks.

The Internet of Things (IoT), also known as the Internet of Everything or the Industrial Internet, is a new technology paradigm envisioned as a global network of machines and objects that can communicate with one another.

The Internet of Things is seen as one of the most important areas of future innovation, and it is receiving major attention from a variety of industries.

The true value of the Internet of Things for businesses may be fully realised when connected devices can communicate with one another and integrate with seller-managed stock frameworks, customer service frameworks, business insight apps, and business analysis.

According to Gartner (2014), the Internet of Things will reach 26 billion units by 2020, up from 0.9 billion in 2009, and will have an impact on the data available to production network accomplices as well as how the store network operates.

From production line and warehouse to retail conveyance and store racking, the Internet of Things is transforming business models by providing increasingly precise and continuous visibility into the evolution of materials and products.

Firms will invest in the Internet of Things to improve production line work procedures, increase material tracking, and reduce distribution costs. For example, John Deere and UPS are now using IoT-enabled ships following technologies to save costs and increase supply efficiency.

Regardless of the IoT’s adoption by manufacturers, various help businesses are embracing it in order to increase revenue through improved services and become industry leaders.

Disney’s MagicBand is a new bracelet containing RFID chips that functions as a ticket and connects to Disney’s data repository for park guests. Kroger’s new IoT-based system, Retail Site Intelligence, is a comprehensive retail platform that includes video analytics, wireless devices, POS devices, handheld sensors, IP cameras, and video management software.

It was created to help customers have a better shopping experience by making it easier to find the products they want and saving time at the checkout. Adoption of this technology is quickly increasing as technological, societal, and competitive forces drive businesses to innovate and evolve.

As IoT technology evolves and more businesses utilise it, IoT cost-benefit analysis will gain popularity. Because of the potential but uncertain benefits and high venture costs of the IoT, enterprises need to methodically examine each IoT-initiated opportunity and challenge to ensure that their assets are spent judiciously.

1.2 Statement of the Study

The benefits and welfare that IoT brings about are apparent; nonetheless, there are certain hurdles in implementing IoT. While the globe is becoming more digital, countries such as Nigeria continue to buy technology rather than developing it.

This strategy makes them dependent on digital world designers. As a result, developing countries such as Nigeria must be prepared to absorb new technology.

1.3 Object of the Study

The primary goal of this study is to identify the usability problems of IoT in a developing country such as Nigeria.

To determine the difficulties affecting internet usability in Nigeria.
Learn about the internet of things and its prospects in Nigeria.
Research Hypotheses

The following research hypotheses will be formed.

HO: There are no impediments to internet usability in Nigeria.

H1: There are difficulties with internet usability in Nigeria

HO: There are no opportunities for internet access in Nigeria.

H2: There are opportunities for internet of things in Nigeria.

1.4 Scope of the Study

There are some structural barriers that developing African countries, such as Nigeria, face while implementing IOT. One example is a lack of labour force skill. This impediment inhibits the adoption of new technology.

Also, the quality of the labour force varies per industry. Given the increasing need for value-added products in the rest of the world, the low percentage of value-added products presents an additional disadvantage. The study’s objective is to identify the issues associated with IoT in Nigeria.

1.5 Limitations of the Study

The study’s limitations were finding suitable textbooks and materials connected to the inquiry in the school library. Another problem discovered was the high cost of internet data while downloading needed resources from the internet.

1.6 Definition of Terms

– IoT – The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of interconnected computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals, or people that are assigned unique identifiers (UIDs) and can transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.

– The Internet is a global computer network that provides a variety of information and communication services via interconnected networks that use standardised communication protocols.

– Technology is the application of scientific knowledge to practical uses, particularly in industry.

– POS equipment – A retail point of sale system normally includes a cash register (which nowadays consists of a computer, monitor, and cash drawer).

– Handheld sensors- A metal detector is an electrical device that detects the presence of metal nearby.

– IP cameras – An Internet Protocol camera, or IP camera, is a form of digital video camera that receives control data and broadcasts picture data over the Internet.

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