INFLUENCE OF DRUG abuse ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF secondary school STUDENTS
INFLUENCE OF DRUG ABUSE ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF SECONDARY school STUDENTS
Drug abuse refers to the misuse of drugs. It has long been assumed that this behaviour explains why students' academic performance has declined. The study's objectives were to “critically analyse” whether drug addiction affects academic performance and to “explore” whether students do better when using drugs. In addition, kids will be educated on local resources, policies, and strategies for coping with drug use.
It has recently been discovered that a significant proportion of students develop drug addictions. A study of the impact of drug use on academic achievement was initiated in order to better understand how drug exposure affects student performance. The study was quantitatively designed using a survey trend technique.
It required one-on-one interviews and the use of questionnaires. In contrary to what might appear to be the prevailing expectation, quantitative studies show that students who take drugs do not fare well in their academic endeavours.
Drug abuse include both the use of illegal narcotics and the abuse of legitimately obtained medications. We will define “drug misuse” as “the use of a drug for a non-therapeutic effect” for the sake of this study. Some of the most commonly abused substances are alcohol, nicotine, marijuana, amphetamines, barbiturates, cocaine, methaqualone,
opium alkaloids, synthetic opiates, and heroin. In addition to the potential for physical, social, and psychological harm, usage of these drugs may result in criminal consequences that vary greatly depending on local legislation.
Physical dependency or psychological addiction, as well as health difficulties, social issues, morbidity, injuries, unprotected sex, violence, deaths, vehicle accidents, killings, and suicides, can all come from drug usage. Furthermore, it creates social isolation as well as physiological abnormalities in brain chemistry.
The majority of people in our current culture use drugs for a number of reasons, particularly teenagers and secondary school students. In Awake!, the World Health Organisation (WHO) cites five key reasons why young people may be drawn to drugs. April (2003).
They want to be accepted, to feel like grownups capable of making their own decisions, to relax and feel good, to take risks and rebel, and, finally, to pique their curiosity. Other characteristics that contribute to young people consuming drugs, according to Okoh (1978), Oduaran (1979), and Johnson (1979), include boldness, friend or peer pressure, enjoyment of social contacts, sound sleep, sexual prowess, and athletic skill.
Furthermore, the issue of academic accomplishment is not an exception to the aforementioned causes. Some people believe that consuming drugs serves as a stimulant, energising or improving academic performance (Ebele, 2005).
According to Njama (2004), despite well-known repercussions, drug use continues to claim lives. This is because they believe that substances such as Indian hemp, cocaine, cigarettes, alcohol, and others improve memory.
The consequences of drug use are numerous. Drug abuse endangers both society as a whole and the people who use drugs directly. It is responsible for physiological brain chemistry distortion, poor academic performance, memory loss, and the majority of aberrant behaviour and failure in today's students and general population.
They not only destabilise the social environment, but they also rob society of the contributions they would have made to social life. In light of this, the goal of this research is to assess how drug abuse affects students' academic performance in Ibadan secondary schools.
According to Scarpatti and Anderson (1989), drugs affect the abusers' and addicts' entire system, particularly the Central Nervous System (CNS), altering their behaviour, emotional states, physical responses, and reactions, some of which may pose a threat to both the abusers or addicts and the environment in which they live.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Kids are generally not supposed to partake in drug abuse because they are aware of the negative effects it has on their academic performance, such as physiological changes in brain chemistry, memory loss, poor academic achievement, and disobedience to parents and teachers. With this concept in mind, students are encouraged to develop beneficial habits and behaviours, as well as to study without the use of drugs.
As a result, students who use drugs perform poorly academically due to absences from class, late homework, absenteeism from school and extracurricular activities, memory loss, and involvement in vices.
1.3 Objectives of The Study
The study is specifically intended to:
To investigate the causes of drug usage among secondary school students in Ibadan.
To determine the school's and teacher's role in drug education.
To explore the extent to which drug consumption affects the academic performance of Ibadan secondary school pupils.
1.5 Research Hypotheses
To guide this investigation, the following null assumptions are articulated:
There is no compelling motivation for secondary school kids in Ibadan to use drugs.
The school and its staff have no substantial role in drug education.
Drug misuse has no major impact on secondary school pupils' academic performance in Ibadan.