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IMPEDIMENT OF REVENUE GENERATION local governments &problems

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THE IMPEDIMENT OF

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) is the revenue that the local
generates
within the area of its jurisdiction. The primary source of local sustenance is from Federal Allocation. It is
the live wire of a local . The extent to which a local can go in accomplishing its goal will
largely depend on its IGR strength. The capacity of local to generate revenue internally is one very
crucial consideration for the creation of a local council. But various studies as Akindele and Obiyan,(2002), Ekpo and
Ndebbio(1998), have shown that local s in Nigeria depend solely on statutory allocations from the federal
. In recent times though, there have been dwindling pattern in the federal allocation because most of the
federal revenue is from petroleum proceeds. There is less demand for petroleum in the world as other
developed nations of the world are shifting away from petroleum as source of energy to other sources such as gas,
solar energy e.t.c. Then the onus lies on the local to work on their internal revenue efforts to be able to
accomplish its goals in the local community. Local s now face more challenges in terms of struggling.
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less dependent on the Federal and the state s for financial resources. Though, the revenue allocation
system mandates that a certain fraction of the Federation Account be allocated to local s, these funds are
not enough to meet expenditure requirements. This is because the size of the account is related to revenue from oil
which is subject to fluctuations and the expenditures of local far exceed available resources. The
problem of lack of fiscal transparency as a result of mismanagement of funds, corruption, poor internal control and
lackadaisical attitude to work and property still abounds. The question that comes to mind is that if the
statutory allocation is not forthcoming, if oil is de-emphasized in the what would be the lot of local
s? How are they to survive if this should occur? 1.1

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Orewa (1986:180), in his book titled “Local Government Finance in Nigeria”, described and discussed various
sources of revenue open to local s and problems in the collection and management of their finance. Such
problems are-shortage of trained , ignorance of the councilors over their duties and non-commitment to
duty on the part of the staff and councilors alike. Adediji (1979:87) , blames poor internal revenue generation of local
on the following reasons
a. Lack of proper structure
b. Low quality of staff and
c. Lack of mission and comprehensive functional role. According to him, these problems lead the local
into vicious circle of poverty. This is due to the fact that inadequate funding results in employment of low skilled and
poorly paid staff. Bello- Iman (1990:134), in the same vein states that “ the major constraint to internal revenue
generation in local is the shortage of well trained and qualified personnel which supposed to serve as
tool for collection of taxes and rates at the local level”. According to him, even the few available are not properly
trained in efficient budgetary and financial ment systems. Also most of the local s are shortstaffed to carry out their duties”. R.A (1959:89), noted that “poor auditing has contributed immensely to problem of
internal revenue generation of local s”. According to him, “local s should have a means of
ascertaining whether it’s financial operation is properly conducted, this can only be done through audit”. Therefore the
research seeks to investigate the impediment of revenue generation in Eket local .

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE

The local is the third tier of which largely depend on the federal and state for
subventions and allocations for the administration and development of the local communities. However it is expected
that local generate internal revenue to augment the revenue received from the state and federal
especially in the face of the dwindling and lean federal and state revenue. For there to be a
local , it must be ready and be seen to be able to meet its obligations through internal sources. However
this is far from what is obtained in practice hence the gross dependence on statutory allocations from the federation
account. Then the onus lies on the local to work on their internal revenue. Adediji (1979:87), blames poor
internal revenue generation of local on the following reasons; Lack of proper structure; Low quality of
staff and Lack of mission and comprehensive functional role. According to him, these problems lead the local into vicious circle of poverty. This is due to the fact that inadequate funding results in employment of low
skilled and poorly paid staff. Therefore the problem confronting this research is to investigate the impediment of
revenue generation in Eket local .

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

1 To determine the nature of Revenue generation in local Areas
2 To determine the impediments to Revenue generation in the local areas
3 To determine the impediments of Revenue generation in Eket local Area

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1 What is the nature of Revenue generation in the local Government Area?
2 What is the nature of impediments of Revenue generation in the local Government Area?
3 What is the nature of the impediments of Revenue Generation in Eket local Area?

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study shall proffer a structural appraisal of the nature of Revenue generation in the local Area.
It shall analyze the nature of the impediment of Revenue generation in the local Area
The study shall provide significant information on issues of Revenue generation and its impediments in the local
Area.

1.6 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS

1 Ho Revenue generation in Eket is low
Hi Revenue generation in Eket is high
2 Ho The impediments to revenue generation in Eket is low
Hi The impediments to Revenue generation in Eket is high
3 Ho The effect of the impediments on revenue in Eket is low
Hi The effect of the impediment on revenue in Eket is high

1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study is focused on the appraisal of the impediment of revenue generation in Eket local .

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
INTERNAL GENED .

Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) is the revenue that the local generates within the area of its
jurisdiction. The primary source of local sustenance is from Federal Allocation. It is the live wire of a local
. The extent to which a local can go in accomplishing its goal will largely depend on its IGR
strength. The capacity of local to generate revenue internally is one very crucial consideration for the
creation of a local council.

FINANCIAL AUTONOMY DEFINED

Financial Autonomy is literally defined as to be self-governing in matters of money. It is a right or the power to engage
in certain actions without externally imposed restraints and interference.
Revenue generation entails generating and exploring all the sources of revenue for the local councils. Internally revenue generating sources as we have mentioned earlier are those sources by which the local raise revenue constitutionally aside from the statutory allocation and grants to local s. The extent
to which these revenue sources can yield to the benefit of the local council depends on the ability and vibrancy of the local leadership.

THE IMPEDIMENT OF

THE IMPEDIMENT OF

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