How to Write Discussion and Recommendations
The discussion aspect of the research project is in a way the most important section of your project because this is where you demonstrate to your reader your critical thinking capacity to draw certain meaning and implications from your research results and findings. It is in this part of your work that you interpret your results and show how they correlate to your research objectives. Here you also get to make recommendations for further researches and investigations that can be carried out in your line of research based on your own findings. The discussion section of your work is a part of your research project where you are able to show the significance of your research and what role it is playing in bringing more knowledge and understanding of your research problem as it concerns your field of study. You are able to showcase the lacuna you are filling with your work and you get to actively bring your reader too into critical thinking. It is very important to know how to put together a good discussion and recommendation section for your research study as this will go a long way to prove the quality and relevance of your work. If you are preparing your research project and you need light on how to write good discussion and recommendations as regards your work, then this article on ‘how to write discussion and recommendations of your research project’ will be of help.
In this section, it is important that you start by restating your research questions. Your readers having gone through the introduction, literature review, methodology and result section of your work should still be reminded of the major questions you are attempting to answer through your work and the focus of your research, so that as you discuss the results, they can more easily relate and move with the flow. This will set a good pace for the discussion of your results. State the research questions that you indicated in the introduction again as you start this section.
List all the major discoveries or findings of your work as from the results stated in the result section and do the interpretation of all those results. Also include major findings as relevant to the fundamental goal or objective of your research work.
Provide answers to the research questions
Just as you listed the research questions, you should begin to provide answers to them from your research findings. Pick your results in the right order and use them to answer your research questions, interpret and discuss them in light of all the research questions or hypothesis if there is any. It is the proof from the results in your research that should be used to back up your answers to those questions. You should interpret your results in the order in which they are reported in the result section of your work.
Showcase the relevance of your research
Show how the results are relevant to the objective of the study and to previous literatures too in that field of interest. You should discuss your results in such ways as to demonstrate their validity and significance to existing knowledge in your line of research. You should be able to cite relevant sources also where necessary. You can go on to give more proof of the correctness and significance of your answers to the research question by presenting evidences from your results to back up your answer and point out the lapses or inadequacies of the answers given by previous researches. This will show that your work is a step ahead of researches that have been carried out in that line of interest before.
Carefully address conflicting data
If some part of your results happen to be conflicting, discuss those particular results and ensure that you do it in such a way you make your reader know why they are like that and handle the discussion intelligently. Doing this may likely help your reader to build more confidence and be able to accept the results that are real and valid from your research.
Present unexpected discoveries
There could be findings you make in your results from the research you carry out and you discover they were unexpected results, probably you were not thinking you will obtain such results, you should still describe the unexpected findings.
Talk about limitations
You should also present the limitations of your study, in doing this you must not sound in a way that is beggarly, you should talk about the limitations of your work with constructive confidence knowing that every study has its own limitations, talk about the inherent weaknesses of your research work.
Summarise major findings
Give a good summary of your major discoveries.
You should offer your recommendations for future research investigations in your area of research based on your own findings and the results obtained in your own study. Also give practical suggestions on what academics can do to put your research findings to good use. Make sure statistical discoveries from your data analysis support your recommendations.
Go on to explain how the results of your research are relevant and the way the findings have helped or affected the understanding of the research problem that your work is about.
Use the tone that you used in your introduction section. Employ the use of the same key terms that used, tense and maintain the same line of view that you used in the introduction.
Don’t repeat information
Make sure your work is as concise as possible. You should avoid repetition, let every information you include and every discussion you make be relevant and clear without repetition. You do not need to repeat statistics from the results section.
If needed, use sub-headings
If you find it necessary for your discussion and recommendation section of your research project, use sub-headings to organise your discussions to group information properly and probably to make it clearer and more organised.
Use clear language
Avoid using jargon or unnecessary technical language in your work, your language should be clear enough for non-researchers to be able to understand.
Use present tense
You should use more of present tense since you are talking about present findings, but when referring to past works, you could make use of past tense.
Buttress your points
You should ensure that you explain and discuss your results convincingly and buttress your point with graphs and tables where necessary. The goal of your discussion is to showcase the implications of your findings and their relevance, you should keep this in mind and put in all necessary detail to drive your point home.
You can decide to be systematic in the way you discuss your results, you could start by discussing your results first as they relate specially to your own narrow area of study and research and then discuss their relevance to your field in general.
How intelligently and scholarly you are able to discuss your results show how well you understand what you are doing and giving a good relevant recommendation for further investigation is important.
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