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Chapter one


Poverty had become a serious social issue in our culture, especially in rural areas. The society has not given considerable thought to what causes rural poverty, how it affects rural residents, and how to alleviate the problem.

Poverty in rural areas must exist solely because it is less apparent, something one does not feel or touch, and is less documented. If there were no rural poverty, there would be fewer migrants to urban centres.

Poverty has caused human distress, such as famine, which has led many people to their deaths. Poverty has received little attention in comparison to other social problems such as crime and divorce. It is worth noting that the writer will focus his emphasis on poverty.

Poverty is linked to other social problems in both causes and consequences. It is considered that the majority of people come from the poorest sections of the community, and that poverty leads to crime. Employment and inadequate health care are also big issues for peasants.

People in Gboko face difficulties in finding work because industries are sparse. Furthermore, the population lack the basic skills required for industrial jobs, therefore they are forced to engage in subsistence farming.

Even rural individuals, who have the greatest need for health care, are assigned to facilities that barely satisfy their needs.

The researcher believes that rural poverty is the driving force for rural-urban migration.

This study will not examine or propose rural social transformation as found in societies or communities such as clinics, but will instead focus on an attentive model of rural development under a capitalist system as practiced in America (USA).

The researcher does not assume that this is the best strategy to address the issue of poverty. However, he chose it since it is in use in Nigeria and has not been tested for long enough to be found wanting. Other models used in other nations have not addressed the perfect result either.

1.1 General Background of the Study

Gboko Local Government Area is located in the south-east region of Benue State and was established in 1951.

The local government is rich in mineral resources such as limestone and lay.

The local government’s population is primarily made up of farmers who grow crops such as rice, soybeans, and yam.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Individuals and groups perceive rural poverty differently. It has been viewed as an issue to be remedied by the government, as well as by individuals or groups; yet, most people regard poverty as a disgrace.

Poverty has been with us for a long time, not just in the Gboko local government area, where the study is being undertaken, but throughout the country.

In fact, much has been written about the progression and consequences of this phenomenon in our modern society. Most of those writers focused on their study and writing at first glance, but as a social human interest, the problem still concerns me, so I wish to conduct research into the following?

1. How does poverty affect persons living in rural areas?

2. What caused poverty at the grassroots level?

3. How can this issue be resolved?

1.3 Statement of Hypothesis

The statement of the problem related to rural poverty includes:

i. Disease is on the rise in rural regions as a consequence of poverty.

ii. Natural and manmade disasters, such as drought and erosion, contribute to rural poverty.

iii. Law production and famine contribute to the rural population’s poverty.

iv. Inadequate medical care services, such as clinics, in the majority of council wards under the local government.

v. Inadequate excellent roads and electricity exacerbate rural poverty.

vi. Underemployment and unemployment cause rural people to be poor.

vii. Ignorance and limited access to education.

1.4 Objectives of the Study

The main goals of this investigation are:

1. To dispel the myth in many circles in developing economies that poverty only affects the poor.

2. The rural areas under consideration are poor as a result of the government’s and investors’ urban bias.

3. Determine feasible ways to alleviate poverty in our cultures.

4. To make recommendations on how to improve the high level of living of rural people.

5. To determine the extent of poverty in our cultures.

6. Finally, provide a guide for other researchers who may like to write on the same issue.

1.5 Significance of the Study

This case study, on the impact of poverty on rural people in Gboko local government, has the following significance.

Poverty is caused by a lack of job options.

The recommendations, if implemented, will assist the government in developing measures to alleviate rural poverty.

To serve as source data for future scholars who may conduct studies in a related topic.


I am focusing my research on Gboko local government, specifically the five (5) council wards of Mbatiav, Mbatyerev, Mbayion, Ipav, and Yandev.

This limitation is due to the following issues. The first and most well-known issue is time; everyone will agree with the writer that the time frame for this study is insufficient to do a study with the complete local government. Another issue is finance; money will be difficult to obtain and will not be under one’s control.

Third, transportation will be an issue; it will be difficult to cover the entire research area, and most of the persons who will be questioned will be staying at different locations, making it difficult to visit them.

Despite these obstacles, the research will be completed with the assistance of individuals who are willing to work with me to reach my goals.

1.7 Definition of Terms

For the purposes of this study, the following terms are defined:

1. POVERTY: This refers to individuals who lack the resources to obtain the types of foods they require, participate in social activities, and have the living conditions and facilities required for a comfortable lifestyle.

2. RURAL region: This is a region with a low population density of less than 20.00 people per two cubic km and fewer social amenities.

3. Moral poverty means accepting the situation as is because one cannot do something about it.

4. SOCIAL PROBLEM: This refers to the lack of social amenities such as electricity, piped water, etc.

5. Reducing rural poverty or transforming the situation into moral poverty.

6. Cooperative societies work together to effect change in society or communities.

7. INSUFFICIENT INCOME: This refers to countries that do not have employment or stable employment, or that do not engage in any other economic activities.

Low-wage poverty is simply the outcome of transient work and insufficient resources to meet household requirements.

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