EDUCATION AND THE INTERNET
EDUCATION AND THE INTERNET
This study was conducted in three senior secondary schools chosen at random from the Lagos state Local Community Development Areas of Orile Agege and Ifako Ijaiye. The purpose of the research is to emphasise a comprehensive data analysis of the impact of the internet on the education of some secondary school students.
In three schools, 90 students and 10 teachers/instructors were interviewed via questionnaire and one-on-one interviews. The study was possible to determine how students are acquainted with knowledge from the most cutting-edge technological improvement – the internet.
In addition, the study was able to assess the students' access to both their mobile phone and computer system, which serve as their internet connection, as well as how frequently and effectively they use them.
Finally, there is no doubt that this study will inspire other students to become more interested in using the internet and making good use of its positive aspects to impact society.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
It has been stated that the internet is a global phenomena. With the advent of the internet, the world has shrunk to the size of a town.
The internet, which debuted in the late 1970s, has been a game changer for individuals all over the world. The online experience is a new awakening to the world's events, issues, activities, and economics. It is a retreat from ignorance, insensitivity, and evident antiquated practises.
The internet, as the name implies, is a ‘international network' (a massive system of connected computers throughout the world that allows people to share information and communicate with one another). It has opened doors to numerous encounters for people from all walks of life.
In the construction or development of the internet, no profession is excluded. Economic and mutual relationships have greatly expanded and improved. Awareness, creativity, and intuition are enhanced.
We can't talk about the internet without mentioning the computer. A computer is an electrical device that processes data based on pre-programmed instructions or commands. The computer's output is determined on what you give it or feed it.
A computer's whole activity can be summarised as ‘Garbage In Garbage Out' (GIGO). With the advent of the computer, previously difficult achievements became easier and more neatly produced.
A computer's visible and unseen peripherals enhance its operations. The monitor (screen), keyboard, and central processing units (CPU) are the visible or physical components, often known as hardware.
The software or unseen parts are the programmes installed in the memory (R OM), which govern how the machine works. The software in it determines the speed (how quickly it operates), the things it can perform, and so on.
Most computers execute specialised functions based on the user's area of specialisation. Some people work reliably in typesetting, accounting, graphic design, music mixing/editing, and other fields.
The widespread use and acceptance of computers paved the way for the development of the internet. Access to the internet is only available through the use of a computer, and more recently with technologies like as laptops and phones with web installations. Nowadays, once you're connected, you can access the internet with the tip of your finger.
The internet is made up of numerous interconnected computer networks. Each network may connect tens, hundreds, or thousands of computers, allowing them to share data and computing power. The internet has enabled individuals all over the world to interact with one another in an efficient and cost-effective manner.
The internet has opened up new avenues for government, commerce, and education. Many people use the internet to communicate via electronic mail (e-mail), to get news, to study information, to shop, to pay bills, to bank, and to listen to music.
Watching movies, playing video games, and even making phone calls are all options. The internet is used by educational institutions for research as well as to give online courses and course materials to students.
At the moment, the number of internet users can only be estimated. The World Wide Web (www) was created in the 1980s by British physicist and computer scientist Timothy Berners-Lee (he was awarded the Millennium Technology Prize in 2004 for this outstanding achievement), and it supplanted file transfer as the application utilised for the majority of internet traffic. The internet serves as a highway system for web traffic and traffic from other applications.
It should be remembered that the internet is very important in schooling. Education refers to the process of teaching and learning in a school or college, as well as the knowledge gained from this. Education and the internet are inextricably linked in the modern day since students of all ages utilise the internet to enhance their work in terms of gathering information, formulae, conducting research, and so on.
Historically, instruction was accomplished orally as well as through observation and imitation. Informally, children learned from their parents, extended family, and grandparents. Later in life, children got more structured and formal education, provided by adults who were not necessarily related, in the context of initiation, religion, or ritual.
Since the dawn of time, each generation has attempted to pass down cultural and social values. Tradition, morals, religion, and skills are transmitted to the next generation through one or more forms of education that are part of the past and present teaching and learning processes.
Knowledge became too sophisticated to transmit directly from person to person and generation to generation as more complex civilizations arose in the river basins of Egypt and Babylonia.
Man needs a mechanism to accumulate, document, and preserve his cultural history in order to function in complex society. As trade, governance, and organised religion grew, so did the invention of writing.
With the emergence of writing in ancient civilizations around the world approximately 3500 BC, it became feasible to record and pass on stories, poetry, information, beliefs, and practises more accurately to persons out of earshot and future generations.
During this time, the scribes of the court and the priests of the temple were designated as teachers to teach either the vast majority of children who learned exclusively through informal apprenticeship or the tiny minority who received formal schooling. Memorization was the means of earning back then, and the motivation was the fear of harsh physical discipline.
Prior to 1900 A.D., most African countries south of the Sahara provided informal education to children in areas such as artistic performances, ceremonies, rituals, sports, festivals, dancing, singing, and painting. Boys and girls were taught separately in order to prepare each gender for their adult roles.
Every member of the community contributed to the child's educational upbringing. The ritual passing rite from childhood to adulthood was the pinnacle of the African educational experience.
Nigeria has made steady progress in the development of education. The education system in Nigeria is regulated by the state, and the first six years of primary school are compulsory.
Higher education has advanced significantly over the years, resulting in a high literacy rate, which is the responsibility of both the federal and state governments.
In the mid-nineteenth century, Christian missionaries introduced the western education system to Nigeria. By 1990, Nigeria had three essentially separate education systems: indigenous, Quranic, and formal European-style educational institutions.
Notably, there are three types of education: formal, informal, and non-formal.
Informal education takes place outside of the classroom, in after-school programmes, community-based organisations, museums, and libraries, as well as at home. This style of schooling is designed to make youngsters useful to their parents at home.
Informal education is a truly life-long process in which every individual acquires skills, values, attitudes, and knowledge through daily experience and the educative influences and resources available in his or her environment from family and neighbours, work and play, the market, the library, and the mass media.
In a structured and approved programme, formal education is the process of training and developing people in knowledge, skills, intellect, and character. It is delivered in the classroom by qualified teachers.
Formal education in Nigeria can be traced back to the efforts of European missionaries around 1842. At the time, education was regarded as crucial to the spread of Christianity.
Formal education extends from primary school to university, and includes, in addition to general academic courses, a wide range of specialised programmes and institutions for full-time technical and professional training.
Non-formal education is any organised educational activity that occurs outside of the established formal system, whether it operates alone or as a component of a larger activity, and is meant to serve identifiable learning clienteles and learning objectives.
While formal education is associated with schools and training institutions, non-formal education is associated with community, groups, and other organisations, and informal education encompasses what is left, such as interactions with friends, family, and work colleagues.
Of these three, formal and informal education are the most noticeable, and the researcher is focusing the study on formal education where the internet is considered for use.
Secondary school kids today access the internet via search engines such as Google and various internet programmes such as Bolt, Opera Mini, and others. To obtain information on things that are unclear in class. They gain a better understanding of the subject by digesting the information they receive.
Secondary school kids, on the other hand, have been addicted to the internet through the usage of social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter, and To Go. Musical/video sites such as YouTube, iTunes, and others are terrific diversions for students and other youngsters since they prevent them from fully concentrating on their schoolwork.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Despite the fact that secondary school students cannot be prohibited from using the internet, this research project aims to address questions such as, “Is the internet a blessing or a curse?” Is it possible to encourage secondary school kids to use the internet to attain positive educational goals rather than investigating harmful sites to their detriment?
We hope to learn from this study whether their Intelligence Quotient improves as a result of their use of the internet and whether their thinking improves in any manner.
Also, how this global networking innovation has increased their commitment to their studies and made them accountable to themselves, their community, and society at large.
For some, the internet is a distraction, while for others, it is a draw. It is in the researcher's best advantage to determine what stands.
1.3 AIM AND OBJECTIVES
The Internet has become increasingly important in the lives of today's youth. Previous research has found both benefits and drawbacks to using the Internet in a formal educational setting. The purpose of this research is to discover the impact of the internet on the lives of a group of secondary school pupils. Its benefits and drawbacks in terms of their education.
The goals are as follows:
1. To demonstrate how the internet has aided secondary school students' education through the different sites available to them.
2. The use of the internet to promote secondary school students' learning and knowledge.
3. In addition, the study will provide insight into how these individuals have negatively used the internet to their disadvantage. As a result of their venturing or visiting sites that have no positive or negative impact on them, the internet has become an impediment to their learning process.
1.4 significance OF THE STUDY
This research is intended to benefit secondary school students, as well as educators, secondary school owners, and parents. They are designed to investigate the positive and negative effects of the internet on students.
This study is relevant to society, secondary schools, and other players such as educators and academicians who work with this group of pupils.
The significance cannot be overstated because many individuals, particularly parents, may be unaware that certain pupils have turned to bad eggs due to their knowledge of the internet. This negative effect that they are passing on or have transmitted to their peers exacerbates the situation.
Instead of looking for sites that will benefit them and their education, they go in quest of obscene sites where they can watch or download sexual scenes/cuts that are not appropriate for them or their age range, or message sites where they may chat all day.
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study will look at three prominent secondary schools in the Agege Local Government Area. Vetland Senior Grammar School, Lagooz College, and the Jellylas Group of Schools are located in Agege, Lagos. These three schools are among the most highly regarded in the community, with full internet access for students and teachers.
Questionnaires and interviews will be utilised to gather information from students and teachers about the subject. This study will take into account 90 pupils and 10 teachers. To cover all of the relevant topics, a comprehensive and well-designed questionnaire is prepared.
To elicit acceptable and appropriate responses, open-ended and closed-ended questions will be posed.
1.6 limitations OF THE STUDY
The researcher would have liked to do more, such as cover more land and visit more schools, but funding constraints were an impediment. There was also a time constraint because there was only so much time to administer and collect the questionnaires that were distributed.
The school administration was sceptical about the research's purpose because they feared it would harm their reputation.
Furthermore, even after receiving permission from the school, some of the students insisted on getting permission from their parents before responding.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
ARPA stands for Advanced Research Projects Agency.
TCP/IP stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.
VOIP stands for Voice over Internet Protocol.
SMS stands for Short Message Service.
ROM stands for Read Only Memory.
RAM stands for Random Access Memory.