1.1 Background of the Research
Kavangagh (1972) defines education as the facilitation of learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, morals, beliefs, habits, and personal growth. It is considered that education is an excellent tool for socializing both young and old people by promoting desired sociocultural norms and creating political awareness, which prepares the youth to effectively execute their functions to the nation as they grow up as adults.
According to DuBey (1972), educational institutions play an extremely vital role in Nigeria. Teaching, training, storytelling, conversation, and guided study are all examples of educational practices. It is also the act or process of conveying or acquiring wide information, developing reasoning and judgmental ability, and overall intellectually preparing oneself or others for mature life. Nigerian students play a crucial role in their socialization. According to Jaros (1973), schools are specifically designed to convey political beliefs to tertiary education students who will become tomorrow's leaders.
Political education can be defined as the underlying ideas and information required to comprehend the content of public debate. All formal and informal teaching and learning techniques aimed at building civic abilities are included in political education.
However, educators have understood the concept of political education in a variety of ways. Political education was used synonymously with political literacy to imply the purpose of political education in classical socialization studies.
As a democratic society, robust student participation in national political life is a desirable goal, necessitating the need for political education in higher education. Colleges of Education may be the greatest venue for students to learn about political education values and concepts.
This is because colleges of education adopt a relatively simple approach to teaching and learning, provides more opportunities for development, initiates learning skills before job, and so on. Surprisingly, one of the most important tools for achieving these objectives is social media.
Social media is a type of technology that allows people to communicate with one another and facilitates social communication. Because social simply means to make touch, social media is where people begin to communicate. Social media is one of the most major technical advancements, and it is now one of the most popular and widely used teaching and learning tools.
1.2 Definition of the Problem
Students' academic outcomes are influenced by a variety of factors, but the impact of social media on student outcomes is more significant than any other factor. University students' use of social media is undeniably an intriguing aspect of research for educators and scholars.
Various perspectives have identified four significant benefits of social media use in higher education. These include building relationships, increasing learning motivation, providing individualized course content, and developing collaborative skills.
There have also been identified drawbacks that have had a negative impact on pupils' academic performance and learning. Through the usage of social media, students have been known to be politically brainwashed and radicalized. As a result, it is envisaged that classroom instruction in political education will be carried out using effective and dependable classroom practices.
1.3 The Study's Objectives
The primary goal of this research is to investigate the effects of social media on political education among college students in Abia State. Other goals are as follows:
To determine whether there is a link between social media usage and academic achievement among political science students.
To determine the extent to which the usage of social media has aided political education students.
iii. To identify concerns in the usage of social media by political education students at colleges of education.
To highlight potential solutions to problems that may occur as a result of political education students' use of social media.
1.4 Research Issues
What is the link between social media use and academic success among political science students?
To what extent has the usage of social media aided political education students?
iii. What are the issues with social media use among political education students in colleges of education?
What kinds of solutions will be developed to address the challenges encountered by political science students as a result of their use of social media?
1.5 The Study's Importance
This study would be extremely beneficial to educators and academics because it examines the impact of social media on political education among college students. The study looked specifically at the impact of social media effectiveness on students' political education courses, political leanings, and political opinions. This is because we require effective political involvement and inclusion from and by students, particularly those pursuing political education.
This research will also help kids understand how beneficial and harmful social media can be to them. Furthermore, it will benefit tertiary institution teachers because they would be able to use social media effectively when instructing students.
1.6 The Study's Scope
This research focuses on political education students at Abia State College of Education. One of the most essential aspects of the scope of this study was subjecting the sampled population to a battery of tests to determine how social media affected their learning and what lessons they acquired from using social media in their learning process. This research will be restricted to Political Education students at the Abia State College of Education.
Due to limited resources, the study did not cover the complete population of students in Abia State's college of education, and not all of the students were receptive. Because this study excluded other tertiary institutions in the state, the findings cannot be transferred to other higher institutions of learning and cannot be effectively employed in other regions of the state or the country as a whole.
1.8 Terms Definition
The following terms, which were employed in the study, are operationally defined as follows:
Impact: This has a significant impact on influence.
Political education refers to both formal and informal experiences that foster the development of political knowledge and attitudes.
Students are those who are enrolled in schools of higher learning.
A college of education is a higher learning institution that grants educational degrees.
D. L. DuBey (1985): Meeting the Objectives of Social Studies: What Is Still Needed? A paper presented at the ABU, Zaria, Social Studies Seminar on September 9.
D. L. DuBey and J. L. Barth (1980): Social Studies: An Inquiry Method Approach. Thomas Nelson Ltd., London
D. Jaros (1973): From Socialization to Politics. Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd., London
D. Kavangagh, Political Culture, Macmillan Press, London, 1972.
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SOCIAL MEDIA'S IMPACT ON POLITICAL EDUCATION OF COLLEGE OF EDUCATION STUDENTS IN ABIA STATE