INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND THE STUDY OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
The paper explores the functions of the Nigerian Immigration Service (NIS), revealing that the aforementioned organisation has the power to launch growth and security in the nation-state, describing Nigeria as both a source and destination for migrants. The study demonstrated the effects for Nigeria in terms of international migration (as both a sending and receiving state).
The report also reveals that the agency, Nigerian Immigration Services (NIS), faces a number of obstacles, which contribute to the agency's performance. The study aims to inform the Nigerian population about the benefits and drawbacks of overseas migration. This study employs an ex-post facto research design in the form of a qualitative and quantitative research approach,
with questionnaires conducted using the Spearman's rank correlation and data obtained by chiquare calculations. Crobach alpha statistics were used to ensure the correctness of the acquired data.
The key findings of this study demonstrate that the Nigerian Immigration Service (NIS) faces various problems, which impede the agency's success in providing socioeconomic growth to the Nigerian state.
However, for Nigeria to profit from international migration, the Nigerian Immigration Service (NIS) must be efficient in its duties, as well as the collaboration of the Nigerian federal government (FG) in terms of socioeconomic development and security activities.
1.1 Background of the Study
Humans have been interested in physical activities since the beginning of time. This has been a prominent aspect in African and world history (Akanji, 2012). Migration cannot be inextricably linked to the history of man, families, villages, and nations.
As a result, migration can be traced back to the origins of man, particularly when man wished to migrate in search of food during periodic famine seasons; another motivation for migrating in those days was the desire to separate from the throng as well as the desire for independence.
As previously said, practically all individuals and nations have one or more traces of migration history (internal and international), which is primarily influenced by two forces: the “pull” and “push” elements.
Migration can be either internal or international. Internal migration refers to the movement of individuals within the same geographical territory, which in this case could be from rural to urban or Lagos to Abuja.
While international migration refers to the crossing of borders or international boundaries, for example, Cameroon to Nigeria is referred to as South-South Migration, while Nigeria to the United States of America is referred to as South-North Migration.
This study focuses on International Migration, namely South-South Migration, also known as Regional integration, and South-North Migration.
International movement (emigration and immigration) requires the involvement of the sending and receiving states, as well as the migrant. This is where the Nigerian Immigration Service (NIS) and other migration laws come into play,
regulating migration activities in Nigeria as both a destination and sending country state. International Migration is a worldwide culture in which a significant number of people (nationals) participate.
International movement (emigration and immigration) can provide significant benefits to a nation state through agreements and collaborations with other countries in the international system. According to literature, poor nations engage in more international migration than developed countries (International Organisation Migration, 2014:4).
About 1 billion migrants are currently not residing in their nation state of origin (International Federal Red Cross and Red Crescent, 2012), as these migrants around the globe can make up a sixth nation state after the order of China, India,
United States of America (USA), Indonesia, and Brazil (Martin and Widgren, 2002:3), as people tend to move from a particular place to another for various reasons best known to them, also being an essential part of man's
International migration is reported to be on the rise as a result of the widespread teaching of benefits and awareness of opportunities in many nations via various platforms such as television and the internet, among others. International migration, particularly immigration, is a delicate topic in international conversations and debates.
However, this foundation and trend, as well as other rising phases of globalisation, have helped to shape the tradition and culture of international migration in our immediate world. This globalisation, which has developed in various stages, has raised the alarm about significant benefits and opportunities around the world.
This benefit includes work chances, international education certificates, interconnection, and international relations between countries that create opportunities for interdependence, particularly in terms of manpower (Fayomi, 2013). Other significant benefits include the pleasure of being a citizen of the nation state that people so desperately want (Martin and Widgren, 2002:8).
Because of these perceived chances, international migration has become a popular culture and trend in our modern society (Wickramasinghe, 2016:14).