FACILITIES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN LAGOS
The purpose of this research is to look into the amenities and academic performance of senior secondary schools in Lagos. To capture the topic, eight research questions are developed, and a questionnaire is designed to elicit information from the respondents, who are teachers and students from the selected schools.
100 population samples were randomly selected from the five schools in the L.G.A., and percentage and frequency distributions were used to present the results of the information gathered.
The findings highlighted the necessity of adequate teaching material or facilities in student performance, the importance of teaching facilities, challenges that impede the use of educational facilities, and how they might be remedied in the study area.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Education is man's primary means of reform and advancement. It can be viewed as an instrument via which society transmits its own culture.
Reomer (1981) defines education as “all those experiences of the individual through which knowledge is acquired, the intellect is enlightened, or the will is strengthened,”
whereas Unachuka (1989) defines education as “the process by which individuals are assisted formally or informally, through proper direction and finance, to develop their capacity for their own and the benefit of society.”
As a result, education can be viewed as a social process whose goal is to bring about certain desirable behavioural changes in the overall development of the individual.
Education has been accorded greater importance around the world, with education being considered as the primary vehicle for rapid development in Nigeria in particular.
Nigerians have clearly placed a high value on western education since the arrival of the Europeans. According to Bab Fafunwa (2001),
the first type of school was Islamic and Arabic schools, which arose as a result of the presence of Islamic Scholars in the country under the guise of trade. They took their faith, which was Islamic, and the Arabic school with them.
The initial set of schools were usually located under large trees and had students who attended classes in the evenings after their commercial activity with merchants who acted as teachers.
“Mallams” are the names given to these professors. Apart from the slate and foreign texts used, it is clear that the first type of educational system lacked any facilities.
Furthermore, with the introduction of western education, the utilisation of facilities became popular. Classrooms, which used to be modest rooms, have evolved into schools with administrative blocks, offices, and amenities such as chairs, tables, chalk, and chalkboards.
Textbooks were also offered to enhance instruction, which facilitated the way knowledge was formally imparted to students to demonstrate for the old standards system.
According to Walberg and Thomas (1992), students learn best when they may effectively explore in a school environment that is rich in content, so that when they are given the duty to make meaningful choices, they can engage with the available resources.
This led to Adaralegbe's (1978) speech, in which he stated that a large-scale educational programme had been launched as a result of the country's growing realisation that education halts the path to modernity and allows one to improve oneself.
Taking this into account in our schools today, it will be recognised that education is provided by many government agencies, but considerable effort is still required to meet up adequately. Currently, about fifty million people want to be educated.
Classrooms are highly important in schools; they are built to meet the aim of learning while also taking into account the climate of the people. Hardt (1954) emphasised the importance of classrooms as “teaching laboratories.”
Much emphasis should be placed on infrastructure that will allow an envisaged educational course to be realised. This, in summary,
demonstrates the need of providing efficient and effective facilities to help create a smooth and congenial teaching and learning process in order to produce effective workforce for the nation.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Inadequate facilities will undoubtedly disrupt the teaching and learning process in all institutions. Due to a lack of proper facilities, the following issues have arisen in schools.
It is well recognised that each student's academic performance is heavily influenced by the facilities available to them while learning; yet, when these facilities are unavailable, various issues arise.
The first, unusual problem arises when there is no inclusive teaching and learning delivery. The unconduciveness could be due to a lack of facilities in the classroom, such as a table and chairs. Students will never be able to concentrate.
At the end of the lesson, students cannot be expected to achieve any of the objectives. If students have to share chairs with their classmates, they will become easily distracted among themselves, and the class,
which is supposed to be actively involved in the learning process, will become appealing, and there will be enough discomfort for the day to discourage the pupils' interest in the entire day's work.
Because the pupils' interest is so low, they will have a low degree of understanding, and the knowledge that is conveyed to them will not be fully grasped.
Understanding may be limited as well. Laboratories are scarce in many schools, and reagents and equipment are scarce in those that do have them.
Students in science class, for example, who always learn in the abstract, that is, without actual knowledge of what the teacher is saying, cannot learn effectively, and this will naturally influence his/her academic achievement.
Due to a shortage of laboratories, there is a low interest in science topics such as physics, chemistry, and biology nowadays.
In addition, the lack of teaching facilities such as textbooks, buildings, charts, and chalkboards has hampered students' academic performance and resulting in their lack of interest in most of the courses given at their various levels in secondary schools.
Finally, it is observed that the students effectively supply their acquired knowledge because they were not able to be taught with the practical aspects of their field of specialisation but rather expressed to only theoretical aspects of their field of specialisation, if they had been opportune to make use of facilities in various aspects they would have been effectively appropriate.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The proponent of school facilities was preoccupied with the genesis of employing facilities to aid learning. The relevance of teaching facilities can be determined by evaluating their relationship to students' academic success.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
This initiative focuses on instructional facilities and how they effect student performance in selected universities. The following research questions are critical in order to accomplish this.
Is there a difference in academic achievement between schools that have adequate teaching facilities and those that do not?
What are the issues that schools without teaching facilities face?
What are the consequences of a lack of educational facilities?
What are the benefits of having efficient teaching facilities?
What are the drawbacks of a school without instructional facilities?
Are your school's facilities adequate?
Is there room for improvement in terms of school facilities?
Is your school's teaching and evaluation environment satisfactory?
Do you appreciate teaching in a school with inadequate facilities?
How can the government increase successful school teaching?
1.5 IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is intended to assist educators and education planners in recognising the challenges that students face as there is a quick desire for education by an increasing population in Nigeria, which must be provided appropriately and with a high rate of facility storage.
The study is intended to identify these issues and the impact they have on student performance. Because these facilities exist to facilitate and stimulate the instructional programme of the school system, they should be provided and maintained.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study would be limited to a few selected secondary schools in Lagos State's Yaba local government area. The research includes all of the public secondary schools in the Yaba local government region.
1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
There is no research that will be a breeze from start to finish. The fact that the principal and vice principal would wish to safeguard the image of their schools indicates that the majority of them would address the issue at hand, providing the researchers with untrustworthy information.
Similarly, pupils who do not understand why proper information is required may be swayed by their peers' responses, while an independent response would have been more appropriate.
The time element for this investigation is insufficient to obtain all of the relevant objects or information. Finally, five institutions out of many in Nigeria are insufficient to represent varied perspectives on secondary schools.
Nonetheless, despite its limitations, this research would be useful to other academics or studies on other similar themes.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Facilities are materials that make anything possible or simpler to do, such as desks, chairs, libraries, and so on for an easier learning process.
Equipment: items required for a specific purpose. School supplies, such as sophisticated equipment and learning technology for writing on.
Academic performance is defined as the capacity to complete academic tasks. It could be good or terrible performance.
Adequate: sufficient in quantity or quality for the purpose or need of efficient academic performance.
This is the significance of something or educational equipment.
A laboratory is a space or structure used for scientific research, experimentation, and testing.
Teaching is the transfer of knowledge from an experienced individual to an inexperienced individual.
Effectiveness refers to achieving the desired or intended outcome.
Education is the process of teaching and learning in order to increase an individual's knowledge and abilities for the benefit of society.
The classroom is where instruction and learning take place.