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POLITICAL SCIENCE

EXAMINATION OF THE LEVEL OF POLITICAL PARTICIPATION OF THE RURALITIES

OF THE LEVEL OF POLITICAL PARTICIPATION OF THE RURALITIES

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EXAMINATION OF THE LEVEL OF POLITICAL PARTICIPATION OF THE RURALITIES

one

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

Political participation refers to citizens' political activities intended to influence the political process. Such participation could be individual or group-based. The political process may refer to the techniques, directions, and methods of government, as well as the input of process outcomes.

Political activities in which they may participate include leadership selection, influencing government decisions, and the governance process. (Okafor, 2002).

Political engagement covers actions taken by private cities to influence or support government and politics. Political participation could be traditional or orthodox, unconventional or unorthodox. Writing about traditional and nontraditional political activity. Janda et al. state the following:

Thus, traditional involvement is lawful, constitutional, acceptable, and normal. Voting, campaigns, and attendance at party meetings, expressing political opinions, standing for elections, registering as a party member and voter, contesting for elective posts, and party funding are all possible activities here.

These activities are consistent with the normal political process. Unconventional political participation refers to acts that are not accepted, not considered lawful and legal, not sanctioned, or not normal. They include riots, strikes, violent demonstrations, arson, boycotts, revolt, terrorism, cultism, protests, and so on.

The presence of narrow or very limited conventional modes is thought to increase the likelihood of the establishment of unconventional involvement. People who want to express themselves and be heard in a training setting must use unique ways.

Traditional (orthodox) political engagement consists of two components. There may be supportive or influential participation. Under the supportive component, our citizens pledge allegiance or devotion to the state and government.

Examples include singing the national anthem, reading the national pledge, referring to symbols such as the national flag and coat of arms, voting, and so on.

The influencing dimension is concerned with attempts to change or reverse government policy to serve political goals. Examples include attempting to obtain government benefits,

requesting specific social or welfare services from the government, such as establishing a health clinic, building or rehabilitating roads, sitting in a public school or police station, and so on.

1.2 of the Problem

According to the preceding study, political involvement is the means by which citizens of a given society convey their interests, demands, wants, support, and/or propositions to the authoritative decisions of the superstructure.

However, it appears that the levels of public participation in politics are low, maybe due to the belief that “politics is a dirty game”. Since 2003, democracy has been regarded as a source of political engagement oriented towards . As a result, this study would strive to develop answers to the following problems:

i. Low level of education.

ii. A culture of corruption.

iii. Parochial political culture.

iv. The subject's political culture.

v. Primordial sentiment and low socioeconomic development.

1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The study's aims are as follows:

v To determine how low levels of education have reduced political engagement in Ojo's rural areas.

v Determine whether the culture of corruption contributes to the degree of political engagement in Ojo's rural communities.

v To evaluate whether the level of political engagement in Ojo's rural areas is influenced by the subject's political culture.

v To analyse the low socioeconomic development of Ojo's rural communities.

v To advance the solutions to the problems described above.

1.4 .

The research questions that will be investigated are:

i. What factors contribute to the low level of schooling in Ojo's rural areas?

ii. How does a culture of corruption effect political engagement in Ojo's rural communities?

iii. Can local political culture influence the amount of political involvement in Ojo's rural communities?

iii. Is there a method for determining subject political culture in political involvement in Ojo's rural communities?

v. What impact does low socioeconomic development have on Ojo's rural communities?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

To drive the investigation, the following null research hypotheses were proposed to be tested:

i. Low levels of education cannot be a significant predictor of political engagement in Ojo's rural communities.

ii. A culture of corruption cannot alter the amount of political involvement in Ojo's rural communities.

iii. Parochial political culture cannot explain the low degree of political participation in Ojo's rural communities.

iii. Low socioeconomic development cannot be a significant factor influencing political engagement in Ojo's rural communities.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The significance of this study will motivate individuals to actively participate in their community's political processes. The study will also encourage residents to participate in governance by expressing consent, making choices, rejecting leaders,

and opposing particular policies that they find objectionable. Through participation, citizens contribute to governance by expressing their demands, preferences, orientations, judgements, and political processes.

1.7 Scope of the Study

This study focuses on the level of political engagement of rural communities in Lagos state's Ojo local government district. The scope was designed to account for the area's low degree of political participation and individual growth.

1.8 Limitations of the Study

The study will focus on the level of political engagement in rural areas in Lagos state's Ojo local government area from 2008 to 2009.

1.9 Definition of Terms

1. Influence: The ability to produce an influence, particularly on character, beliefs, or behaviour.

2. Political participation refers to an individual's involvement in political activity. Electional actions might include voting, campaigns, and persuading others to vote for a specific candidate or party.

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