Class size, Teacher Compensation, and Academic Performance of Students
Class Size, Teacher Compensation, and Academic Performance of Students
1.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE study
If anyone claims that education is expensive, they should try being ignorant. Education excellence has been one of the primary objectives of every nation in the globe. It has been deemed the key with which any nation can permanently close the doors of destitution and ignorance and simultaneously open the doors to economic vitality, social environment, and civilizational advancement.
The Nigerian content of the above viewpoint is, however, identical. Education is a constitutional right for all citizens, regardless of their social, cultural, economic, political, religious, tribal, mental, or physical status (Ajibade, 1993). In other words, education is a tool for national development.
National Policy on Education (FGN, 2004) outlines the educational objectives of Nigeria in terms of the individual and society. Towards this end, the National Policy on Education established a number of goals and objectives designed to promote educational development in the nation.
Teachers play essential roles in nurturing these goals and objectives. The significance of instructors cannot be overlooked in any educational setting. Without them, there would be no education. The Nigerian government recognises the significance of teachers by stating that no education can surpass the quality of its instructors (Wilson & Western, 2001).
According to history, education was not as popular as it is now before civilization and the white-collar-job saga, but now everyone wants to be educated and this has contributed to the growth of everyone's interest in education. In addition, the Nigerian government, through our colonial rulers, eventually began contributing to some institutions, which encouraged parents to enrol their children in school.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
As a result of free education, student enrollment began to skyrocket to the point where the ratio of teachers to students is now unmanageable. Teachers are the ones who translate educational philosophy and objectives into knowledge and skills and transfer them to students in a safe, healthy, and happy environment with supportive resources.
According to the National Education Policy Centre Policy Brief; “the policy brief summarises the academic literature on the impact of class size and concludes that class size is a significant predictor of a wide range of student outcomes, from test scores to broader life outcomes…” Schanzenbach, D. W. (2014).
Teachers must be well-motivated and compensated if they are to be effective and efficient at their jobs, enabling them to fulfil all of the aforementioned responsibilities.
In addition, there is a tendency for students to perform poorly academically when the class size is excessive and the salary is not motivating. The 2012 White house Report.
No longer are the WAEC and NECO results of Nigerian pupils something to be proud of. Secondary school students and even their parents are willing to pay any price for an examination-related special centre. Some instructors are even willing to write micro-sheets for their “candidate” in order for them to excel in national examinations, among other things.
Class size, teacher compensation, and pupil academic performance are significant issues in Nigerian secondary schools in general, in the state of Ogun in particular, and with special reference to a sample of schools in Sagamu.
This could be attributed to the manners and rates by which education growth is primarily encouraged in the West, East, and South of Nigeria. The expansion is extremely rapid. In contrast, many aspiring individuals do not aspire to become teachers as a result of inadequate salary payment, salary delays, and other factors that may distract teachers from their teaching profession.
If the aforementioned is true, it will have a negative impact on the academic performance of students, which may result in an inability to attain the established educational goals and objectives, and subsequently contribute to backwardness among the other nations of the world.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The specific objectives of this research were:
ü examine the number of students in each class and the optimal number of students per class (student-teacher ratio) for each school under consideration.
ü To examine the regularity of instructors' and others' salaries
ü Examine the academic performance of the students in an overloaded classroom with a normal student-to-teacher ratio.
ü To provide valuable recommendations to the identified problems.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
For this investigation to achieve its objectives, the following questions were addressed:
u Does class size have an impact on student academic performance?
u To what extent will teachers' motivation, compensation, and timely salary payment influence their efficiency and efficacy in the teaching profession? And
u Will the teachers' attitude towards instructing and conducive environment have an impact on the academic performance of their students?
u What are the probable solutions or recommendations to these problems?
There is no significant correlation between class size and academic achievement
There is no significant correlation between instructors' motivation, compensation, and timely salary payment and students' academic performance.
There is no significant correlation between teachers' attitudes towards teaching, a conducive learning environment, and students' academic achievement.
There is no significant correlation between the academic performance of students taught by highly effective, effective, and moderately effective teachers.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
In order to provide first-hand information on the effect of class size and teachers' pay on students' academic performance in a subset of secondary institutions in Sagamu, Ogun State, this study made use of a Nigerian background.
Student enrollment began to skyrocket to the point where the ratio of teachers to students is now out of control. In spite of the fact that the number of students is increasing geometrically while the number of teachers is not, and despite the fact that governments have denied them this privilege, they want students to contribute efficiently and effectively.
n addition, teachers are the ones who translate educational philosophy and objectives into knowledge and transmit them to students in a safe, healthy, and happy environment with supportive resources.
Therefore, this study was of greater importance to individual parents who desire the best for their children, teachers, and the government.
In order for the country to have a prosperous future, governments at all levels must prioritise the expeditious payment of teachers' salaries.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This investigation is limited to examining the impact of class size and teacher compensation on students' academic performance. Due to time constraints, financial constraints, and other logistical considerations, the study was conducted in Ogun State, and five institutions will be selected in the Sagamu region.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Class: This refers to a room-like setting where instruction and learning occurs for a specific time period.
This is the knowledgeable individual who is authorised to impart knowledge to novice students.
This is a payment as a consequence of providing a service.
This is the person who is taught by the instructor.
This is the result that demonstrates the student's comprehension of the material.