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CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION1.1   Background to the Study

For every human society the successful conduct of her internal/external affairs depends largely on the extent of the reliability of government apparatus and the government successfully communicating, understanding and accepting themselves in a mutual and symbiotic relationship”- Obaze .A et al (2004).The need for information through the establishment of a concrete press club in is such that man can hardly function or determine his course of life without communication. On account of this, the influential role of the media is cited in her caprice to , redirect, and shoulder the course of altitude change and instilling/building public perception towards societal affair.There is no modern society that can dispense with the press especially newspapers and television. The newspapers especially to places where there are no radio stations rapidly spread important news. The newspapers give us reliable information about towns and countries. Many social tools are exposed in one newspaper to attract the attention of the government, police and the citizens as a whole so that such evils may be immediately combated. Many articles written by intelligent people and carried by newspapers contain good ideas with which we can experiment in our bid to reform the society. These articles have suggested ways and means by which we can combat tribalism, fraud, serious crimes, avarice, greed, and extravagance, which are disintegrating forces in the society.
By impacting meaningfully through the involvement of Nigeria press vis-à-vis as a social system in society positioning, it is her duty, responsibility and obligation to enhance the survival of the vital ingredient of society demand. Which are unity; structure; inter-dependence; compliance, commitment and conformity; and transmission of social norms, culture and value. The media is by this gear towards enhancing the continuity and survival of the total social “gadget.”
The print media, particularly the medium of newspaper has become the major source of information dissemination over the years, and also the major means of political mobilization in Nigeria. Newspaper has the ability to inform, educate, entertain, enlighten and mobilize the public. That is why the government and other private bodies give much attention to it. The ability of newspaper to also mobilize the people and make them behave in a given manner and to perform certain actions has made it a tool in the hands of the government. The medium serves as an intermediary between the government and the people, because it assists the government in getting it plans and policies across to the people, and the people in return gets their response, feeling and plight back to the government.Footnoting this trend on the national scale, the challenges that confront us as young democracy nation in a country of diverse ethnic divide, is to establish an ideological and structural homogeneity with a common political destiny and purpose among our diverse ethnic groups, forthwith, the media being an institution of the larger society is virtually needed to shoulder this course.1.2  Statement of the Problem

The main aim of the study is to examine the problems and prospects of press club in secondary schools. Specific objectives of the study are:
1.   To examine the problems of setting up and maintaining press clubs in secondary schools in Port-Harcourt.
2.   To assess the effectiveness of press clubs towards achieving its objectives in secondary schools in Port Harcourt.
3.   To determine the prospects of press clubs in secondary schools in Port Harcourt.
4.   To assess the effect of press clubs on academic performance of members in selected secondary schools in Port Harcourt.1.4  Research
1.   What are the problems of setting up and maintaining press clubs in secondary schools in Port-Harcourt?
2.   How effective are press clubs towards achieving its objectives in secondary schools in Port Harcourt?
3.   What are the prospects of press clubs in secondary schools in Port Harcourt?
4.   How have press clubs affected academic performance of members in selected secondary schools in Port Harcourt?1.5 Research Hypothesis
Ho: Press Clubs are not effective in achieving the overall objective it was established in secondary schools in Port Harcourt.
Hi:   Press Clubs are effective in achieving the overall objective it was established in secondary schools in Port Harcourt.1.6  Significance of the Study
The importance of setting up and maintaining an effective press club in a secondary school cannot be over emphasized. The benefits of a press club are enormous to be ignored by policy makers in the education sector as this club adds more value to secondary school education by preparing the minds of secondary school students towards taking up journalism as a career.Since the study is relatively new, the study will serve as guide for student researchers that want to explore more into the subject matter. and recommendations from the study will further guide students who may have interest in the subject matter for further research.The study will also aid policy makers in the education sector to streamline the academic calendar of secondary schools to accommodate extra curriculum activities such as the press club. Effective management of the academic calendar with extra curriculum activities will bring out the best in students.1.7  Scope of the Study
The study covers Three (3) secondary schools in Port Harcourt, examining the problems and prospects of the various press clubs in these secondary schools. All findings and recommendations are based on results from these schools namely, Community secondary schools Amadi-Ama, Community Secondary School Nkpolu and Girls Secondary Schools Orominike.1.8   of the Study
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work. 1.9 Definition Of Terms
Press Club: A press club is an organization for journalists and others professionally engaged in the production and dissemination of news.
Secondary school: A secondary school is a school which provides secondary education, between the ages of 11 and 16 or 11 and 19, after primary school and before higher education.
Extra-Curricular Activity: Extracurricular activities or Extra Academic Activity (EAA) are those that fall outside the realm of the normal curriculum of school or university education, performed by students.
Mass Media: The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via .

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