Project Materials

GENERAL

THE EFFECTS OF ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY IN FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT OF NIGERIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT.

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PROJECT

ABSTRACT

There has been a persisting challenges of accountability and transparency in local councils in Nigeria. The objective of this study has been to ascertain whether accountability and transparency has put to check the circumvention of due process in financial and non-financial activities of the Local council in Nigeria. A survey research design was adopted for the study, 55 strative management and 30 internal auditing totaling 85 was randomly sampled and stratified among members of staffs in local out of 108 population sample. Three research questions and hypothesis testeed at 0.05 percent levelof significance guided to study. Frequencies, percentages, Means and standard derviation were employeed to answer the research question while Z-test statistics were used to test the hypotheses. It was discovered that the process of accountability and transparency has affected the official and non-official financial behavourial attitudess of council staffs in Nigeria. It was recommended that there should be adequate senstisation through, workshops seminars and lectrures on the need for accountability and transparency in the System.

OF CONTENT

Approval Page ————————————————————————- iCertification —————————————————————————- iiDedication —————————————————————————— iiiAcknowledgement ——————————————————————— ivAbstract ——————————————————————————— vTable of content———————————————————————— viList of Tables————————————————————————— vii

Chapter one

Introduction1.1 Background of the study. —————————————————– 11.2 Statement of the problem. —————————————————- 31.3 Research questions. ———————————————————— 51.4 Objectives of the study. ——————————————————- 51.5 Research hypotheses. ———————————————————- 61.6 Significance of the study. —————————————————– 71.7 Scope of study. —————————————————————– 81.8 Limitations of the study. —————————————————— 81.9 Definition of terms. ———————————————————— 9

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE2.1.1 Financial management. ——————————————————– 152.1.2 Achieving accountability in financial management. ———————– 192.2 Structure/functions of a local . ——————— ————– 242.2.1 Functions of a local s. ——————————————– 252.2.2 Financial administration profile of a local . ——————- 282.3 Auditing in the local . ———————————————- 292.4 Budgeting in the local . ——————————————– 302.5 Financial memoranda. ———————————————————— 312.6 Methods of local account and the responsibilities. ———— 312.7 Accounts kept by local . ——————————————- 332.8 Revenue collection machinery.————————————————– 352.9 Problems of revenue collection in local . ———————— 372.10 An overview of the major source of fund/revenue by local s. 402.11 The external source of fund/revenue by local s. ————— 442.12 Overview of accounting. —————————————- 452.13 Financial records. —————————————————————- 462.14 Functions of the head of service: the treasurer and legislative arm of local . —————————————————————————- 472.15 Control measures adopted by the local council. ————– 482.16 Measures for fighting corruption in local . ——————— 52

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 RESEACH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY3.1 Research methodology. ———————————————————- 553.2 Research design. —————————————————————— 553.3 Population of the study. ———————————————————- 553.4 Sample design and techniques. ————————————————– 563.5 Source of data collection. ——————————————————– 56103.5.1 Primary source of data. ——————————————————– 563.5.2 Secondary source of data. —————————————————– 573.6 Instrument for data collection. ————————————————– 573.7 Validity and reliability of measuring instrument. —————————– 573.8 Method of data . ——————————————————— 60

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS4.1 and of data. ———————————————– 624.2 Test of hypotheses. ————————————————————— 764.2.1 Hypothesis one. —————————————————————– 764.2.2 Hypothesis two. —————————————————————– 814.2.3 Hypothesis three. ————————————————————— 87

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS5.1 Summary of findings. ———————————————————— 945.2 Conclusion ————————————————————————- 955.3 —————————————————————- 965.4 Suggestion for further study. —————————————————- 97Bibliography 98Appendix I 100Appendix II 10111

LIST OF S

4.1: The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionaire 4.2: The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionaires 4.3: The Responses and percentages of Responses from Respondents to Questionaire. 4.4: The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionaire. 4.5 : The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionnaire. 4.6: The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionnaire. 4.7: The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionnaire. 4.8: The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionnaire. 4.9: The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionnaire. 4.10: The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionnaire.12 4.11: The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionnaire. 4.12: The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionnaire. 4.13: The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionnaire. 4.14: The Responses and s of Responses from Respondents to Questionnaire. 4.15: Mean computation of istrative management Responses o test the hypothesis 4.16. Computation of standard derivation of istrative management Responses to test the hypothesis 4.17: Mean Computation of Internal Auditing 4.18: Computation of standard derivation of internal auditing Responses to test the hypothesis. 4.19 : Mean computation of istrative management Responses to test the Hypothesis 4.20: Computation of standard derivation of istrative managementResponses to test the Hypothesis.: 4.21: Mean computation of internal Auditing Responses to test the hypothesis.13 4.22: Computation of standard derivation of internal auditing Responses to test the hypothesis 4.23:Mean computation of internal Auditing Responses to test the hypothesis. 4.24: Computation of standard derivation of istrative management Responses to test the hypothesis. 4.25:Mean computation of internal Auditing Responses to test the hypothesis. 4.26:Mean computation of standard derivation of internal Auditing Responses to test the hypotheses4.3 TABULATION OF RESULTHYPOTHESIS ONEHYPOTHESIS TWOHYPOTHESIS THREE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
1.1 THE BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Accountability and transparency has been critical issue in financial management of local . It has been hampering the performances of the council and has been and is still a yet problem to be solved. It could be traced to have started during the early era of management, when people are in co-operative efforts to achieve aims which they could not achieve individually.What is today known as local in Nigeria has been metamorphosed from the pre-colonial transitional system of which was highly localized according to the peculiarities of the areas. The local council or native authority presents the basic unit through which any nation administers her people of the grass-roots leve

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