CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Due to the problem that arrives from the shareholding employees, investors and other body urgencies in the act of been doubting on report presented to them, an auditor will be of good help because it serves as an inappeasable a profitable business organization. However, the auditor is regarded as the eyes and ears records of the organization in order to encore that the financial statement are a reflection of the affairs of the organization as appeared in these records. Since this records are summary of generation for a specified period. The auditor also goes behind these records to the source document in other to confirm the accuracy, completeness and validity of the records transaction.
According to A.W. Honliness (1959) p.21, he stated that “there is a requirement that all registered limited liability companies must have their financial records audited annually by a firm of auditors so appointed.” He further stated that the law concept compel the auditor to express his opinion to the authoritative, the auditor must be seen to be independent. The duty of preparing the financial statement is placed on the directors, white that of reporting is on the auditor who is responsible to the shareholders all these are aimed towards achieving project in the business organization. Finally, Rogers Adams rightly defined auditing as “the independent examination of and expressing of opinion on the financial statement of an opinion on the auditor practice committee (APC) 1989. This opinion is expressed in the form a report. The person who carries out such examination is known as an auditor.
1.2 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
(a) To ascertain the impact of audit on business.(b) To examine the performance of accounting system in business organization, if it to up to standard.(c) To examine if a good internal control is being practice in the business.(d) Identify the problems organization face as a result of the introduction of audit.(e) To examine the facts contained in the audit of business finance.
1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
(a) Business organization will through this research work, improve on their performance since the researcher will let the public know all that in required of the guidelines.(b) Fraud identification Another significance is to identify frauds misappropriation or embezzlement of business fund usually in the form of cash or of its other assets.
1.4 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS
A hypothesis is a testable tentative and probable explanation of the relationship between two or more variable that creates a state of affairs or phenomena. For the purpose of this project, the following pertinent hypotheses have been formed.1. H0: The Auditor is not an indispensable part of a profitable business organization H1 : The Auditor an indispensable part of a profitable business organization2. Ho: Auditors opinion does not assist management in decision making. H1: Auditors opinion assist management in decision making3. HO: Auditing does not help in minimizing fraud in an organization. H1: Auditing help to minimize fraud in an organization4. Ho: Auditing is not a mirror of shareholders investment and the turn over achieved in an organization. H1: Auditing is a mirror of share holders investment and the turn over achieved in a company.
1.5 SCOPE OF STUDY
This research work covers the facts contained in the business finance auditing and organization welcome the auditing processes, the impact the auditing have made so far and problem facing the organization as a result of this business organization finance.
1.6 LIMITATION OF STUDY
This research work on the problem and prospects of an auditors as an indispensable profitable business organization has been a major literature to write about for grassroots transparency. It could be useful if it is properly evaluated, but some limiting circumstance might prevent not to have adequate information. The shortest duration for submission of the research work could also be a great problem for a proper cover. The organization could also be a problem.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
FRAUD – It is used to refer to irregularities obtain an unjust or illegal benefit.AUDIT EVIDENCE – This audit evidence on information obtained by the audit in arriving at the conclusion on which he bases his opinion on the financial statement.
REVIEW OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS- The auditor should carry out such review of the financial statements as is sufficient, in conjunction with the conclusion draw form the other auditor evidence obtained, to give him a reasonable basis for his opinion on the financial statements. ACCOUNTING EVIDENCE- The auditor should ascertain the enterprises system of recording and processing transaction and asses its adequacy as a basis for the preparation of financial statements. LETTER OF ENGAGEMENT- This provide the auditor with an opportunity to place on record the understanding of the responsibilities management in relation to internal control and fraud and at the same time define the auditor objective and responsibilities.