RELEVANCE OF FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS IN THE APPRAISAL OF SMALL SCALE BUSINESS
Relevance of financial ratio analysis in the appraisal of small scale business ABSTRACT research work examined the relevance of financial ratio analysis in the appraisal of small scale businesses with particular reference to Mr. Biggs fast food in cross river state.
The study examined the establishing the extent to which accounting ratios can be used to interpret accounting records of small scale businesses, finding and analyzing the meaning of financial ratio analysis to the researcher’s knowledge and understanding of the financial statement of the company, to establish the effect of ratio analysis on the users of financial statement and to highlight available ratios for measuring the true state of performance of the company.
The data were collected from both primary and secondary sources, while primary data was collected by the use of questionnaires; the secondary data were based on readings from textbooks, internet and journals. Data from the response to questionnaire was presented using the statistical tool Chi- square.
From the analysis, the findings showed that non chalant attitude in the use of financial statement affects small scale business; obsolete use of data affects small scale business and also that lack of competent management affect small scale business.
It was however recommended that the retained earnings of the small scale business should be properly invested in order to have more capital for business
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page i Approval Page ii Certification iii Dedication iv Acknowledgement v Abstract vi
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study 11.2 Statement of the problem 21.3 Objectives of the Study 21.4 Research questions 31.5 Research Hypothesis 31.6 Significant of the study 41.7 Scope of the study 41.8 Limitation of the study 51.9 Historical background of the case study 5
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Coherent Literature review (Academic review) 72.2Financing of small scale business 92.3 The nature and scope of financial ratio analysis1 22.4 Financial analysis and its uses to firm 152.5 Tools for financial analysis 172.6 Ratio analysis and standard of comparison 192.7
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design 333.2 Sources of Data 333.3 Area of Study 343.4 Population of the study 343.5 Sample and sampling techniques 343.6 Viability of the instrument 353.7 Reliability of the instrument 363.8 Method of data analysis 36
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Analysis and interpretation of responses 374.2 Analysis of questionnaire 404.3 Test of Hypotheses 50
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary of findings 615.2 Conclusion 625.3 Recommendations. 63Appendix 65Bibliography 66
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
1.1BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Financial ratio analysis assumes that there is a relationship between certain aspects of the activities of the firm as revealed in the income statements, Accounting figures reported in the financial statement do not provide Profit and loss account and the balance sheet, which established a pattern of behavior.
The information contained in the financial statement of a company is connected with the financial well being and performance of the reporting entity, organized to enable users of financial statement to draw a conclusion meaningful understanding of the performance of the financial position of a firm, except the figure are analyzed with other relevant information through the use of financial ratio analysis.
Having established the fact that a ratio is useful and reliable in measuring the relationship between two things, this then gives rise..
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