PERCEIVED BENEFIT OF HEALTH EDUCATION ON PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTE-NATAL CARE A CASE STUDY OF GENERAL HOSPITAL TEGE IN KISHI, OYO STATE
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Millions of pregnant women die every year from preventable complications since the government’s existing intervention isn’t widely known (Bhatia &Cleland, 2009). The high rate of maternal mortality in Nigeria worries public health officials greatly (Ekele, Shehu, Ahmed&Fache, 2008). Pregnant women’s attitudes and knowledge about “Focus Antenatal Care” (FANC) are crucial in reducing mother and infant mortality through the use of Antenatal Care facilities (Munjanja, Lindmark&Nystrom, 2006).
Non-Governmental Organizations and the government have worked together to reduce maternal and newborn mortality.. Umeora, Sunday-Adeoyeand Ugwu (2008) claim that these initiatives have had little or no effect in Nigeria due to the country’s general lack of knowledge about the importance of prenatal care. After several failed attempts to reduce maternal mortality rates, scientists have continued to study the issue.
The health of women and their children is directly impacted by the quality of prenatal care (Saseendran,Mary & William, 2004). The phrase “antenatal care” (abbreviated “ANC”) refers to a broad range of medical procedures and services provided to expectant women. To ensure a successful pregnancy and birthing, it is crucial that a woman receives this type of care during her whole pregnancy (Magadi, Madise & Diamond, 2010).
A woman’s body and mind undergo a great deal of change throughout pregnancy. A nurse who works with pregnant women and their families must be aware of these changes in order to provide anticipatory recommendations, and this can be accomplished by providing good prenatal care. Providing timely, need-based health education to expecting mothers is one method of keeping them healthy and capable of self-care.
According to Nisar and White (2003), ANC is a critical factor in ensuring the health of pregnant women. In order to reduce maternal mortality, it is necessary to identify high-risk pregnancies as early as possible through good antenatal care. Maternal health is the state of a woman’s health before, during, and after childbirth. In order to decrease maternal mortality and morbidity, it incorporates all aspects of prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal health care (WHO, 2005).
Good maternal health can be fostered by providing women with the information they need to make informed decisions about their own health and the health of their unborn children. Pregnancy-related morbidity and death can be reduced by improving prenatal health education and attitudes, which is why this research is needed.
NAME AND DESCRIPTION OF THE ISSUE
Good maternal health is a public health issue. In many cases, a mother’s untimely death occurs during childbirth, marking the end of a traumatic chapter in her life. It’s estimated that millions more people are living with disabilities and damage that prevents them from contributing to their communities’ social and economic development.
There is a direct correlation between the deaths of women and their roles as primary caregivers, breadwinners, and educators of children, as well as their roles as primary caregivers, breadwinners, and educators of children (Scotland Malawi Partnership, 2010).
In order to prevent an increase in infant mortality, pregnant mothers must be educated about the dangers of maternal health issues and how to avoid them. As a result, the research question for this study is: Does prenatal health education in Oyo State, Nigeria, have a favorable effect on expecting mothers?
WHAT THE STUDY IS TRYING TO Achieve
Pregnant women in Nigeria are the primary focus of the study, which examines the impact of health education on their outcomes. In addition, the study’s specific goals include:
Nigerian pregnant women’s educational awareness of antenatal care is to be studied.
To find out how health education affects pregnant women in Nigerian hospitals who are receiving antenatal care.
Identifying the obstacles to pregnant women’s health education in Nigeria is the goal of this study.
Examine how antenatal care affects mother and newborn mortality in Nigerian hospitals.
Nigerian pregnant women should be better educated about their health.
THE IMPORTANCE OF THE RESEARCH
Nigeria’s health system will greatly benefit from this study, which will show pregnant women the need of receiving antenatal care in order to minimize infant mortality rates in the country. Students, researchers, and academics who want to learn more about this topic can profit from the research as well.
The Study’s Purpose and Limitations
Pregnant women in the Kishi Local Government Area of Oyo State are the focus of this study, which examines the perceived benefits of health education for pregnant women.
Limitation of the Research
Financial limitations: A researcher’s ability to collect data and find relevant materials, literature, or information may be hampered by a lack of funding (internet, questionnaire and interview)
The researcher has a time constraint because he or she will be working on other academic projects at the same time. This, in turn, will reduce the amount of time spent on research.
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