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MANAGEMENT VARIABLES AND LIBRARY STAFF JOB SATISFACTION

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ABSTRACT

This study examined management variables and library staff job satisfaction in AkwaIbom State public library.  The study used four objectives, four research questions and four hypotheses. The study was guided by inistrative Management Theory and Job Satisfaction theory. It employed survey design. Questionnaire  (MVLSJSAISPLQ)was used to gather data. The population of the study was 42 (16 library officers and 26 library assistant). This study used the 42 library staff as sample size because they were small and accessible to the researcher.  The data obtained were analyzed using Pearson duct Moment correlation (PPMC) to analyse the research questions and test null hypotheses at 0.5 alpha level respectively. The study revealed that, there is a significant relationship between planning, organizing, leading and co-ordinating and job satisfaction of AkwaIbom State public librarians. It is concluded that the library staff involved in planning, organizing, leading and co-ordinating are more satisfied with their than those who are not part of the managerial process.It is recommended that library administrators should practice job rotation among staffs to enable them develop different managerial skills and work in different capacities

TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                                                   PAGE

Title Page             –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –                 

Declaration           –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        ii

Certification                   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iii      

Dedication            –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iv      

Acknowledgements –      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        v       

Abstract               –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        vii     

Table of Content  –       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        viii              

of Tables       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        xi

CHAPTER ONE:  INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the study                   –       –        –        –        –        1       

1.2     of the problem                  –        –        –        –        –        5       

1.3     Objectives of the study            –        –        –        –        –        6       

1.4     Research questions                  –        –        –        –        –        –        7       

      Hypotheses                                      –           –           –           –           –           8         

1.6     Significance of the study                   –        –        –        –        –        8       

1.7     Scope of study                        –        –        –        –        –        10              

1.8     Definition of terms                  –        –        –        –        –        –        10     

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1     Theoretical framework   –        –        –        –        –        –        12

2.1.1  inistrative management theory by Henri Fayol 1991       –        12

2.1.2  Job satisfaction theory by Herzberg (1959)                   –        –        14     

2.2     Conceptual framework  –       –        –        –        –        –        20

2.2.1  Concept of management          –        –        –        –        –        –        20

2.2.2  Concept of job satisfaction      –        —       –        –        –        22

2.3     Planning and library staff job satisfaction  –        –        –        24

2.4     Organizing and library staff job satisfaction        –        –        –        25

2.5     Leading and library staff job satisfaction   —       –        –        26     

2.6     Co-ordinating and library staff job satisfaction   –        –        27     

2.7     Empirical review of previous sources         –        –        –        –        28

2.8     Summary of Review                            –       –        –        31

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD

    Research design      –           –           –           –           –           –           33    Area of study           –           –           –           –           –           –           34    Population of the study    –           –           –           –           –           36    Sample and sampling technique (s)      –           –           –           36          for data collection  –           –           –           –           36      

3.6           Validity of instrument   –        –        –        –        –        37

3.7           cedure for data collection   –        –        –        –        37

3.8           Method of data analysis –        –        –        –        –        38

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF                                                   FINDINGS       

4.1  Analysis of data                      –        –        –        –        –        39     

4.2  Answering of research questions/hypotheses testing     –        39

4.3  Discussion of the findings       –        –        –        –        –        47     

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND                                            RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1  Summary             –        –        –        –        –        –        –        51     

5.2  Conclusion           –        –        –        –        –        –        –        53     

5.3  Recommendations                   –        –        –        –        –        –        53     

       References

          Appendices          –        –        –        –        –        –        –        42

LIST OF TABLES

          TABLE                                                                   PAGE

1        Pearson product moment correlation (PPMC) test

           for relationship between planning and job satisfaction

           of public librarians             –           –           –           –           –           –           39                                                                                                     

2        Pearson product moment correlation (PPMC) test

           for relationship between organizing and job satisfaction

           of public librarians             –           –           –           –           –           –           40      

3.       Pearson product moment correlation (PPMC) test

           for relationship between leading and job satisfaction

            of public librarians             –           –           –           –           –           –           41      

           Pearson product moment correlation (PPMC) test

           for relationship between co-ordinating and job satisfaction

      of public librarians –           –           –           –           –           –           –           42      Significant relationship test between planning and job

satisfaction of AkwaIbom State public librarians-            –         –           43      

      Significant relationship test between organising and job

satisfaction of AkwaIbom State public librarians      –           –           44      

Significant relationship test between leading and job

satisfaction of AkwaIbom State public librarians      –           –           45

Significant relationship test between planning and job

satisfaction of AkwaIbom State public librarians      –           –           46      

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background to the Study

          Gremmels (2013), posited that organization in the public library is a process of making reasonable combination of various units of the libraryto assign them to suitable units in order to attain the stated objectives of the library. Organizing is the establishment of a formal structure of powerwhen planning process has been completed.Johnson (2016) has mentioned thatthe objectives are achieved by the combined efforts of different library staff belonging to the library and library organization varies from library to library depending on library’s objectives, users, type of staff, kinds of documents, finances, building, attitude of higher authorities and philosophy of the chief librarian.

       Co-ordinating of library staff according to Johnson (2016) is a highly complex task among the other management variables. It requires a comprehensive and knowledgeable management to handle it. According to Litwin (2009), the complicated services with a modern library reader does not organize and run themselves. It must be modified, improved and extended in the light of changing conditions by appropriate co-ordinators. This can be done only by one who knows the objectives and potentialities of the library, the technique, tools and means of achieving them in the purpose and limitation of means. According to the author, co-ordination is the direction and co-operation of human relations and other facets in the library with a view to get the maximum necessary acquisition, processing, storage if need be and dissemination of needed information to the needed user at the right time.

       Job satisfaction of library staff according sharp (2011), enhance physical, sociological, mental, and self-centered creature. This happens because most library staff might bring to the workplace, a complex set of cognition, personal feelings, desires, perceptions, and motives. According to Sharp, the library staff is anxious about security, relations with fellow workers, status, roles, and personal needs. Sharp believes that when the library staff is unsettled about these, his/her efficiency will be impeded. If the library staff is provided with meaningful and satisfying tone, job satisfaction will be effective and efficient.

 In conclusion, every library has an organizational structure that supports it planning. Irrespective of the plan, the expected result is increased output and staff satisfaction as facilitators. Based on this, libraries that desire profitable output must have good administrative functions. The essence of staff satisfaction is to allow for the creation of individual and teams that are at their convenience perform the expected functions for an expected output. It is in the light of the above that this study sought to examine management variable and library staff job satisfaction in AkwaIbom State public library.

1.2     of blem

       In the past, many factors had been the reasons why the management of library was inadequate.Therearrangement of the library practicesshould createa good standard in the libraries. However, numerous challenges and opportunities had faced the libraries as a result of broad rearrangement of responsibilities within the library. 

       In today’s public library, library routines areenormous; therefore the public librarymanagement shouldaccomplish the routines by planning, organizing, leading and co-ordinatingthe library staff. The library management should in additionmakes provision for her staff satisfaction to enhance adequate library practices.

 In the nearest future, it is hoped that the public library routine will be extend.  The public library management shall be faced with greater management procedures to combat the adequate practices in the library. A close observation revealed that there is a breach in the library staff job satisfaction in AkwaIbom State public library. It is based on these that this study attempts to examine management variable and library staff job satisfaction in AkwaIbom State public library.

VARIABLES AND LIBRARY JOB SATISF IN AKWA IBOM STATE PUBLIC LIBRARY

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