INFLUENCE OF POOR LEARNING ENVIRONMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS (A CASE STUDY OF AGWU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE)
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
In Nigeria, many secondary schools are been established at various places by government, private organizations or individuals (Tella, 2018). As a result, teaching and learning takes place under different environment. Every school has its location, facilities and also operates under different classroom condition, but all the students are expected to write the same standard examination (i.e. Senior Secondary Certificate Examination) at a completion of secondary education. Chan (2016) stated that a good learning environment is associated with pastel coloring, appropriate lighting, controlled acoustics and proper air ventilation as a direct impact. A good learning environment frees students from physical distress, makes it easy for students to concentrate on school work and induces students in logical thinking. Students in good learning environment undoubtedly attain higher achievement. On the other hand, a poor learning environment is usually dull in coloring, inadequate in lighting, noisy in the surroundings and insufficient in air ventilation. Students in poor learning environment are under many physical constraints. Only a few students with great determination and self-discipline can overcome all the difficulties created by such hazardous environments. On the other hand, he further asserted that students are very sensitive to their learning environment. They respond to good and poor learning environments by expressing positive and negative attitudes respectively as an indirect impact. With a positive attitude towards their learning environment, students learn with high motivation and undoubtedly are able to demonstrate better performance. On the other hand, students’ dissatisfaction with poor learning environments will lead to lowering their interest and enthusiasm in learning. Consequently, poor student performance as a result of poor learning environment is no surprise.
1.3 AIMS OF THE STUDY
The major purpose of this study is to examine the influence of poor learning environment on student’s academic performance in secondary schools. Other general objectives of the study are:
1. To examine the learning environment in secondary schools in Agwu L.G.A, Enugu State.
2. To examine the extent school buildings affect student’s academic performance.
3. To examine the influence of poor learning environment on students academic performance.
4. To examine the extent library services affect student’s academic performance.
5. To examine the relationship between student’s academic performance and their physical environment.
6. To examine the impact of the use of instructional materials on the performance of students in secondary schools in Agwu L.G.A, Enugu.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. How is the learning environment in secondary schools in Agwu L.G.A, Enugu State?
2. To what extent do school buildings affect student’s academic performance?
3. How is the influence of poor learning environment on student’s academic performance?
4. To what extent do library services affect student’s academic performance?
5. What is the relationship between student’s academic performance and their physical environment?
6. Does the use of instructional materials have impact on the performance of students in secondary schools in Agwu L.G.A, Enugu?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
H0: There is no significant influence of poor learning environment on student’s academic performance
H1: There is a significant influence of poor learning environment on student’s academic performance
H0: There is no significant relationship between student’s academic performance and their physical environment.
H1: There is a significant relationship between student’s academic performance and their physical environment
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings from this study will be of immense benefits to the government, principals, teachers, parents as well as student researchers.
The findings will help the government or the policy makers in formulating effective planning and implementation policies and programmes for improved school academic activities. It will also provide policy makers with intelligent forecast and analysis of future needs of the schools in the areas of building and facilities.
It will provide the school principals the opportunity to improve in school supervision so as to ensure both qualities teaching and learning in the schools. It will enable them appreciate the contribution of school facilities and equipment on students academic achievement. The findings will enable the teachers to appreciate the need for proper instructional delivery. It will help the teacher to improve both in teaching effectiveness and increased productivity in the schools.
It will help the parents in determining the choice of the type of school for their children. This is because, their wards will enjoy good school learning environment that will lead to quality school products. Finally, it will be of benefit to the student researchers as it will provide a valid working document or literature in investigating other areas not covered by this study. Thus, it will serve as a point of reference to future researchers in the field.
1.7SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is based on influence of poor learning environment on academic performance of student’s in secondary schools in Agwu L.G.A, Enugu state.
1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.9 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
Impact: As used here, impact means a noticeable effect of school facilities on the teaching and learning in junior secondary schools.
Physical Facilities: here refers to facilities that are available to facilitate students‟ outcome. It includes Classroom/Desk and Chairs, Staffroom/Tables and Chairs, Laboratory/ equipment, Workshop/equipment, Instructional materials, Toilet, Kitchen, Dining Halls, Assembly Halls, power plant, School farm/Garden, Pitch, Sports equipment, Sources of water and others.
Academic Performance: simply means the outcome of the educational goals that are achieved either by the students or teacher. It is a measurement in terms of specific and desirable results in examination.
Learning: Activity of obtaining knowledge or connection between response and stimuli.
School: A school is an institution designed for the teaching of students under the direction of teachers.
Learning Environment: this refers to the diverse physical locations, contexts and culture in which students learns. In other words, it is the condition and influence which a learner comes in contact with, resulting in a series of complex interactions and ensuring change in behaviour.
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