1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The country’s ongoing security issues, as well as the Nigeria Police Force’s (NPF) inability to ensure security and safety of life and property, are concerning. The country’s security issues originate from a variety of sources that cannot be attributed to a single component of the system. They range from the government to the police to the general public. There are many inadequacies and issues on the part of the police, which act as roadblocks to its poor results. Most Nigerians see police as a motley crew of lazy, inefficient, and corrupt uniformed men and women who contribute to crimes like mass murder, intimidation, rape, extrajudicial killings/summary executions, and other heinous crimes against the citizens they are paid to protect (Uhunmwuangho and Aluforo, 2011). According to Ikeji (2013), Boko Haram’s current escalation of violence in Nigeria’s north is linked to the police extrajudicial killing of the group’s leader, “Mohammed Yusuf,” in Borno State in July 2009. It is also normal for police to unfairly mark innocent people as armed robbers, while the true criminals operate openly in society and do what they know best. They fudged post-mortem results, and to make matters worse, individuals, both criminals and non-criminals, mysteriously vanish from custody with no warning, leaving innocent victims’ families vulnerable to extortion. In their annual report, the Nigerian Police Force (2018) stated that the police force is handicapped due to a number of issues, including a shortage of funding, poor government patronage, poor service conditions, a lack of sufficient and proper training, and an ill-equipped workforce. The problem of police extortion and corruption, as well as other vices prevalent in the police system, are dealt with, contributing to their inefficiency. According to Alemika (2019), police brutality is a major problem because they are supposed to be honorable as law enforcement officers. If the police, who were hired and paid with taxpayer money to protect and detect crimes, are themselves dishonest and involved in illegal activity, society is at the mercy of the criminal. The above, among many other factors, contribute to the Police and the country’s insecurity problems.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The main objective of the study is to evaluate the impact of Police formation attack on the Security of Nigerians and the specific objectives are to;
1. To examine connection(s) between police inefficiency and insecurity in Nigeria.
2. To analyse the factors that contribute to insecurity in Nigeria
3. To examine the causes/challenges facing the police force in enhancing national security in recent times
4. To examine the imperative of police as a solution to security challenges in Nigeria
5. To proffer some workable solutions to the current security challenges in the country
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. What is the connection(s) between police inefficiency and insecurity in Nigeria?
2. What are the factors that contribute to insecurity in Nigeria?
3. What are the causes/challenges facing the police force in enhancing national security in recent times?
4. What are the imperative of police as a solution to security challenges in Nigeria?
5. What are the workable solutions to the current security challenges in the country?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
H0: There is no impact of police formation attack on the security of Nigerians.
H1: There is a significant impact of police formation attack on the security of Nigerians
H0: There is no significant relationship between police formation attack and security of Nigerians.
H1: There is a significant relationship between police formation attack and security of Nigerians
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study has both theoretical and practical significance. Theoretically, this study provides updated information to scholastic works. This study focuses on international response to security challenges in Nigeria. It contributes to the understanding of the impact of police formation attack on the security of Nigerians. The practical significance on the other hand is to bring to the fore the impact of police formation attack on the security of Nigerians. This research is relevant as the topic under study is a current phenomenon; it is one of the issues that tops national priority and attracts world attention.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is based on evaluating the impact of police formation attack on the security of Nigerians.
1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Nigerian Police Force: The Nigeria Police is the principal law enforcement and the lead security agency in Nigeria with staff strength of about 371,800. There are currently plans to increase the force to 650,000, adding 280,000 new recruits to the existing 370,000.
Security: The state of being free from danger, threat or a state of being safe, as well as the measures taken to be safe or protected.
Achumba C, Ighomereho, O. S and Akpor –Robaro, M. O. M (2013). Security Challenges in Nigeria and the Implications for Business Activities and Sustainable Development Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development .VoI. l4, (2), pp 79-99
Alemika, E. (2019). Police Community relation in Nigeria; What went Wrong? Paper Presented at the Seminar on Role and Function of the Police in a Post-Military Era. Organized by CLEEN Foundation and National Human Right Commission (NHRC), Abuja.
Global Peace Index (GPI, 2012). Global Peace Ranking, Institute for Economics and Peace, Retreived from: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Ikeji (2013). Extrajudicial Killing and Police Brutality, The Way out. The Nations Newspaper, August, 27, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.thenationonlineng.net
Nigeria Police Force (2018). Annual Report of the Nigeria Police Force, @008. Ikeja ‘F’ Department of the Nigeria Police.
Nwaze,C. (2011). Corruption in Nigeria; Terrorism in Nigeria. University of Ibadan Press, Ibadan
Odekunle,F (2015). Overview of Policing in Nigeria; Problems and Suggestions in Crime and Policing in Nigeria; Challenges and Options. CLEEN foundation, Lagos
Onifade, C., Imhonopi D. and Urim, U. M. (2013), Addressing the Insecurity Challenges in Nigeria; the Imperative of Moral Values and Virtue Ethics. Global journal of Human Science and Political Science. Vol 13, Issue 2,
Uhunmwuangho, S.O. and Aluforo, E. (2011) Challenges and Solutions to Ethno-Religious Conflicts in Nigeria: Case Study of the Jos Crises, Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, Volume 13, No.5, 109-124.
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