CONFLICT RESOLUTION STRATEGIES AND ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY A STUDY OF SOFT DRINK FIRMS IN RIVERS STATE
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The Definition of Child Abuse
Child – abuse is a composite word made up of the words child and abuse. In English, a child is defined as a baby, a child who is extremely young, a son or a daughter, or offspring; and abuse simply indicates an incorrect treatment or the use of an angry or violent attack in word or deed on anyone. Psychologically, the term child refers to a man’s developmental condition that includes the neonate (the first few months after birth), early children (1-2 years), pre-school ages (first to five years), and middle childhood (Pre-adolescence).
Childhood can be divided chronologically as a teenager. A father or mother might refer to his or her offspring as a child, regardless of age, as is typically used by parents. In the current setting, a child is defined as someone between the ages of one and twenty who is still largely dependent on a caregiver for survival and maintenance. It is because of this dependency that the youngster is vulnerable to maltreatment from whoever the child is depending on.
2.2 The Roots of Child Abuse and Human Issues
Child abusers come from all financial levels, geographic areas, family situations, religious backgrounds, ethnic groups, and residential environments. Some of the reasons are described further below.
Adults who have been mistreated as children
One element appears to be linked to child maltreatment. However, no cause-and-effect sequence has been established.
According to Kline (2007), there is a definite link between child abuse and neglect. This researcher discovered that 27 percent of children who were judged to be abused or neglected were eventually enrolled in special education programs. When asked why these parents do what they do, It was discovered that child abuse is a psychological issue. According to the authors of one study, as infants and children, all of the (abusing) parents were deprived of basic mother care from the start of their lives (Spinetta and Rigle, 2002).
This phrase could be understood to suggest that all abused children will grow up to be abusive adults, and that anyone who was not abused as a child will not mistreat his or her own children, because violence is very likely to be rejected. When there is family conflict, a child learns violence as a solution and an outcome. The deep emotion that accompanies witnessing violence by a child enhances the learning process. Family conflicts’ violent teachings are likely to be forgotten.
According to Leonard, J.R. (2004), an abused youngster growing up in a violent family may not have learned another way to deal with conflict violence. His or her reporting of behavior may lack skills such as negative reasoning, exchange of services, or comedy. Such a person may believe that using physical force is the only way to cope with a youngster. According to Fontana (2008), parents who abuse their children have a difficult time forming trust, an issue that is linked to the parent’s isolation from family and other social groups.
In a number of research, isolation has been used to investigate child abuse. Modern and Wrech Smith (2003) discovered that child abuse has occurred in families when there is no ongoing interaction outside the house. Gelles and Straus discovered a greater probability of violent in a family that has lived or in a community for less than three years. Those who did not attend or join to any community group had a considerably greater prevalence of child abuse than those who did attend or belong to at least one organization (Straus, 2009).
The problem of child maltreatment is worsened by guilt on the side of both parents and children. Even in the pre-school years, few children will seek assistance from the outside world. Any parent, even an abusive one, may be adored by the child.
And it goes without saying that very few parents, even those who believe in physical punishment, would knowingly feel justified in causing major harm to their children. Physical abuse of children by their parents is a phenomenon of maladjustment that can be detected and treated, according to Younes (2007) in his write up on “child – abuse and neglect incidence.”
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