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ACCOUNTING ACCOUNTING UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS

BUDGETING AS A TOOL FOR PLANNING AND CONTROL IN A MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

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BUDGETING AS A TOOL FOR PLANNING AND CONTROL IN A MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY    Business organizations need planning to achieve their aims and objective. It thorough planning in an organization cannot be done without involving the act of budgeting. The management has the purpose of providing a feed–foreword process. The concept of feed-forward =process in to provide each manager with the guideline for making operation decisions on a day–to–day basis.

Budgeting deals with plans and monitoring activities to ascertain whether they conform to the plans. This is the control and coordination aspect of budgeting. turing industries can only achieve profit maximization by proper planned use of available resource. This is sustained when different activities are efficiently coordinated, and decisions taken in the organization are result oriented.

Business organization requires the use of some techniques in the formula and adoption of planned and ded system and tools with a view to achiever set goals. Such tools and systems include budgetary variance and budgetary control.

The process of setting goals to be achieve in the future time and determining how these goals are to be reached is described as PLANING, while the process of translating this planning into financial target can be described as BUDGETING.  Reg, H. Garrison, in his opinion, ded budget, thus, a budget is a detailed plan showing how resources will be require and used over some specify time interval.

It repented a plan for the future expressed in a formal qualitative terms. The act of perpetrating a budget is called budgeting. The use of budget to control a firms activities is known as budgeting control ‘’.    This project is organized in five chapters, which aimed at finding out the budget process used achieving the goals of a typical.

 

1.1   MENT OF THE PROBLEM

The management has his primary duty of achieving the objective of profit maximization of the company through budgeting .due to the state of our economy, and policies, this goal is much hindered during the period of economic depression which features low capacity utilization, high interest rate shortage of foreign exchange to buy the needed, raw material.

ement is filed with the problem of how to make use of available scarce resources your order to achieve the objective of profile maximization.   This research work is intended to help in determining and highlighting the problems that militate against the application and utilization of budgeting as a tool for planning and control in a manufacturing industry.

The research work will provide solution of the following problems.

(1) Inability of the manufacturing company objectives

(2) Insufficient appraisal of the company performance base on budgeting.

(3) Inability of officers in the cost centers to conform to guild line and attain the standard set in the organization. This is applicable to all workers

(4) Inadequate monitory of compliance with and deviation from department and entire .

 

1.2    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this study includes the following: –

(1)     To show the importance of in getting as a tool for planning and controlling in the operation s of a manufacturing industry which has the maximization of profit ads its principal objectives

(2)     To identify the procedures adopted in the formulation and implementation of animal budget in Nigerian Breweries plc Enugu

(3)     To determine whether there is a correlation between the type of budget implemented and their actually performance.

(4)     The study will determine whether or not budgeting control as a management tool contributes to the improvement of managerial efficiency and high productivity.

 

1.3     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

(1)  How does managers use budgeting in planning and control in author the goals of a business?

(2)  How does decision making performed in a manufacturing industry using budgeting as a tool for planning and control?

(3)  How has utilization of resources achieved with the use of budgeting and budgetary control?

 

1.4   MENT OF HYPOTHESIS

The following are the basic for research in this study:

HI: ers are using budgeting in planning and controlling the  business resources

HO: mangers are not using budging in planning and controlling the business resource.

HI: budgeting is a tool for effective decision making in manufacturing industry.

HI: utilizations of resource is achieved with the use of budgeting and budgetary control

HO: utilization of resource is not achieved e with the use of budgeting and budgetary control.

 

1.5 SCOPES AND LIMITATION   OF THE STUDY

The study of budgeting as a tool for planning and control in a manufacturing industry has its scope limited to manufacturing industry Nigeria. Among the major constraints is the fear of job security by some staff of the company might be unsafe if they grant interviews.

Again funds available to the researcher and cost of printing the questionnaire to and from the respondents. Moreover there was retaining of time so as to come other course within the limited time.

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

In the business world the main objective is to maximize profit by providing goods and services of fair, comparative, and affordable prices no management can ignore profit maximization unless it will be stifled out of business.      Hence, this study is significant with the following reason:

(1)  The study will determine whether budgeting as tool for planning and control played any significant toward ensuring portability and efficient rendering of goods and services.

(2)  Ascertain the -play by the management in budgeting and whether they ensure to the budget.

(3)  Ascertain the of budget as a tool for effective and efficient utilization of scare resources.

(4)    The study will help future researcher on budgeting and budgetary control with emphasis on manufacturing industry.

 

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1.7    DEFINITION OF TERMS A BUDGET:

The institution of cost and management accountants de budget as a plan quantified in monetary terms, prepared and approved prior to a de period usually showing planning income to be generated and or expenditure to be incurred during that period and the capital to be employed to attain that objective.

BUDGETARY CONTROL: This is the different between planned (budgeted) and actual result (cost). This may be favorable where actual cost is less than a standard (budget) cost. If it unfavorable where actual cost is greater than standard (budgeted) cost. Alternative terms are MINUS OR PLUS variances, respectively.

NISATION: This is all establishments whether or privately owned.

 

BUDGETING AS A TOOL FOR PLANNING AND CONTROL IN A MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

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