1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Anxiety is a feeling of unease, such as worry or anxiety that may be mild, moderate, or extreme. At some point in their lives, everybody has a feeling of anxiety. For example, you may feel worried and nervous about sitting for an exam or a job interview. Feeling nervous is often perfectly common, however; people with a serious form of anxiety find it important to control their concerns. Their feeling of anxiety is more constant and frequently affects their success or their everyday lives. Many causes of anxiety have been identified for some time by young adults, often correlated with long hours of research, among others. Anxiety has been found to be a prevalent phenomenon among young adults in Nigeria. It has also been noted that parents, peer groups and society at large are contributing to the alarming rate of anxiety among young adults. Anxiety has become a threat to young adults’ lives and progress. Anxiety disorders in young adults are severe and most overlooked mental health issues. In Nigeria, awareness of mental illness is extremely poor, making it impossible for people to get timely medical attention. This study shows that all the spectrum of anxiety disorders among young adults with related factors was present.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The main goal of this research is to explore the biopsychosocial response to the level of anxiety among young adults. The basic goals are as follows:
1. Determine the prevalence of anxiety disorders among young adults
2. Identify the biopsychosocial approach and its impact on the level of anxiety among young adults.
3. To explore the causes of anxiety in young adults.
4. To determine the trend and factors associated with anxiety disorders in young adults
5. To examine the effect of the biopsychosocial approach on the level of anxiety among young adults.
6. To recommend solutions to anxiety disorders in relation to the biopsychosocial approach
1.4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- To determine the prevalence of anxiety disorders among young adults
- To identify biopsychosocial approach and its effects on the level of anxiety among young adults.
- To examine the causes of anxiety among young adults.
- To determine pattern and factors associated with anxiety disorders among young adults
- To examine the impact of biopsychosocial approach on the level of anxiety among young adults.
- To recommend solutions to the problems of anxiety in relation to biopsyschosocial approach
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
HO: There is no significant impact of biopsychosocial approach on the level of anxiety among young adults
H1: There is a significant impact of biopsychosocial approach on the level of anxiety among young adults.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The outcome of this research work would be of interest to the public. That it would make young adults conscious of the biological, psychological and social implications of anxiety disorder. Young adults themselves will benefit from this research work as it will allow them to recognise issues associated with anxiety, which is not only a medical issue and the resulting psychosocial effects, such as depression and social stigmatization, have been documented. It would also help those in public health because there is a need for an intricate communal relationship between the person and the environment, and because anxiety affects the entire living experience, both qualitatively and quantitatively, it goes beyond individual issues to a systemic problem. The outcome of this study would be of great value to young people, parents, etc. Stakeholders and members of the public, in general, should devote urgent and adequate attention to the alarming rate of anxiety disorder, particularly among youth and young adults who will be our future leaders.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is based on biopsychosocial approach to level of anxiety among young adults
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Anxiety: is the normal reaction of the body to stress. It’s a sense of anxiety or uncertainty about what’s coming. On the first day of school going to a job interview or speaking, most people may feel frightened and anxious.
Psychological: relating to the mind or to mental phenomena as a matter of psychology.
Biological: connected by a clear genetic association rather than by acceptance or marriage
Sociological: coping with social concerns or problems, concentrating in particular on cultural and environmental causes rather than on psychological or personal characteristics.
Young Adult: the age group. Depending on whom you ask, “Young adult” may refer to people between 12 and 18 years of age or may refer to people between 18 and 30 years of age. Young adults are usually individuals between the ages of 12 and 30.
Psychosocial: related to the interrelation between social influences and individual thinking and behaviour. The psychosocial approach focuses on people in the light of the combined impact that psychological factors and the surrounding social environment have on their physical and mental well-being and their ability to work. This approach is used in a wide variety of health and social assistance professions, as well as in medical and social sciences.
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