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AN INVESTIGATION ON THE USAGE OF COMPUTER BASED TEST ON THE PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS IN NIGERIA

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PROJECT ON

CHAPTER ONE
 
1.1  BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Teaching and learning are constantly being migrated to several ubiquitous platform. The World Wide Web (WWW) has therefore become an indispensable tool in the administration of pedagogy. This development has led to accelerated availability of educational resources and the promotion of collaboration across different research and educational institute. A significant component of this innovative trend is the adoption of web-based technology driven assessment of students. It is becoming commonplace to see institutions across the educational strata adopt -Based Test (CBT) and assessment to admit or screen students for entrance into Nigeria Institutions (Sadiq and Onianwa, 2011). However, this mode of conducting examination is a new phenomenon in Nigeria. The use of CBT for entrance examination in education, military training, and certification examination by professional groups and promotional examination in various stages and categories of life cannot be overemphasized. Erle, at el 2006) cited by Olumorin et al.
Utter-based test is the use of computers to administer tests. Other terminologies used to describe - Based Test (CBT) include Assisted Testing (CAT), ized Assessment, Aided Assessment (CAA), Based Assessment (CBA), Online Assessment, Web-Based Assessment, Technology Enhanced Assessment, Automation Assessment, and E-Assessment or Test or Examination (Mubashrah et al., 2012; Obioma et al., 2013; Alabi et al., 2012). Based Test means the candidate sits in front of a computer and the questions are presented on the computer monitor and the candidate submits the answers through the use of keyboard or mouse (Ogunlade et al., n.d). Automation of educational assessments, be it school-based assessment or other public examinations, can be described as the application of technology for the assessment of learning outcomes; using machines to perform those operations which hitherto was performed wholly or partly by teachers or employees (Obioma, et al., 2013). Alabi et al. (2012) described computer based testing as a method of administering tests in which the responses are ally recorded, assessed, or both.
Assessment is central to the practice of education. For students, good performance on ‘high-stakes’ assessment gives access to further educational opportunities and employment. For teachers and schools, it provides evidence of success as individuals and institutions. Assessment systems provide the ways to measure individual and institutional success, and so can have a profound driving influence on systems they were designed to serve. Presently, the prminant mode of student’s assessment in Nigeria is the traditional method. In this method, students are assessed using paper and pen on cognitive abilities. This method of assessment has imposed serious limitations to the effectiveness of the method. The traditional method is characterized by various form of examination malpractices such as bringing in unauthorized materials, writing on currency notes and identity cards, spying of other candidates in examination hall, substitution of answer sheets and change of examination scores or grades. Others include, impersonation, leakage of questions to students before the examination, conniving with supervisors and school authorities to cheat, body writing or tattoo in which students especially females write on hidden parts of their bodies.

corroborated this by identifying the Paper-based Tests (PBT) with many problems such as tedious processes as the examination was conducted at various and distant centres simultaneously and marked manually; high risks of accidents during travels by both the staff involved and the prospective students for the paper examination; cost of conduct of the examination on the part of the examination bodies including honoraria for invigilators, coordinators, markers collators and other allied staff; subjective scoring and plausible manipulation of results; late release of results and missing grades; bank draft method of payment by candidates riddled by fraud, loss of money, stress and trauma. The threat of examination malpractices on the validity of examination has made some examination bodies to give excessive attention to checking examination malpractices even at the test development stage. Joint issions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) administers different question formats in which questions do not follow the same order. The alternatives under each question in a format do not also follow the same order. However, it seems that candidates too are not relenting in frustrating and voiding all efforts by these bodies
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The main objectives of this study of this study is investigate the impact of computer based test CBT on the performance of secondary school students. To arrive at a valid result the specific objectives that will guide the research is:
1.     To find out the effect of  CBT on the performance of secondary schools students
2.     To investigate the problems associated with the use of CBT in Nigeria
3.     To discover if any measure is stop or put an end to the problems OF CBT in Nigeria          
4.     To proffer solutions to the problem of CBT in Nigeria.
1.4 RSEARCH QUESTION
The following research questions will guide the researcher to arrive at a valid result and also to achieve the stated objectives above:
1.     What is the effect of CBT on the performance of secondary school students in Nigeria
2.     What problems are associated with the use of CBT in Nigeria
3.     Is there any policy put in place to put an end to the problems of CBT in Nigeria
1.5 OF THE STUDY
The study will expose the teachers, school managements, the government and all stakeholders involve in policy making in Nigeria to the challenges that hinder the proper implementation of CBT in Nigeria. Finally this study will serve as a reference to other researcher who will embark on the same research in the nearest future
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Since this research is based on the effect of, the researcher choose samples from schools in Gombe local government area in Gombe state.
1.7 DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Due to limited time and insufficient fund to finance the project the research is limited to one local government area in Delta state
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Investigation: the action of investigating something or someone; formal or systematic examination or research
Based Test (CBT): -based test (CBT) are instructions which is delivered by a computer system. A course (CBT) may also be given through a software/program installed on a computer system either through the internet, intranet or a cooperate digital channel
Academic performance: the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their short or long-term educational goals. 
Secondary school: in between basic school and college.

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