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INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

AFRICAN UNION AND THE PEACE PROCESS IN CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Since gaining independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic (CAR) has been unable to achieve a desirable measure of stability, security and development. Its economy is affected by a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies, unequal distribution of income and frequent factional fighting between the government and its opponents. Its largely unskilled workforce and poor transportation , among others, imposes additional constraints on the country’s quest for sustainable development. Following a spate of military coups after independence, the country’s political system has witnessed several autocratic rulers. In the 1990s, calls for a democratic system of governance led to the first multi-party elections, won by Ange-Félix Patassé in 1993. During his tenure, Patassé faced several military coups and army mutinies, leading to deep ethnic divisions in the military and across the country. Patassé was overthrown by General Francois Bozizé during a coup that took place in 2003. Continued civil unrest led to the 2004 Bush War, which ended with the signing of a peace agreement in . However, festering ethnic grievances instigated another successful coup in 2013. Michael Djotodia, the leader of the Sélékaii , overthrew General Francois Bozizé and assumed power and installed himself as president of CAR in March 2013. Involving several militia groups, the civil war has led to the death of thousands of people and the destruction of property across the whole country. Since the outbreak of conflict in 2013, CAR has undergone several interim and transitional governments. The Libreville Agreement of the same that was signed between the Séléka and the new government for a coalition of national unity failed due to the dissatisfaction with the distribution of power. With elections only organized three s later in 2016, CAR found itself on the brink of instability and collapse, with the current government overwhelmed by the herculean task of terminating rebel and militia insurgencies, making progress with the peace talks, and implementing a Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration and Repatriation (DDRR) program for the militias in the country. The of the peace agreement remains challenging given the existing and ethnic faultlines in the country as well as the continuous violence between warring factions and the emergence of new militia groups. Hence the study, African union and the peace process in Central African Republic.

1.3 MS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE

The major aim of the study is to examine African union and the peace process in Central African Republic. Other specific objectives of the study include;

  1. To examine the African Union and peace process in Central African Republic.
  2. To examine the context of the conflict in the Central African Republic.
  3. To examine the impact of African union on peace process in Central African Republic.
  4. To examine the challenges to peace process in the Central African Republic.
  5. To examine the relationship between African Union and peace process in Central African Republic.
  6. To examine the peace process for Central African Republic.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. What is the African Union and peace process in Central African Republic?
  2. What is the context of the conflict in the Central African Republic?
  3. What is the impact of African union on peace process in Central African Republic?
  4. What are the challenges to peace process in the Central African Republic?
  5. What is the relationship between African Union and peace process in Central African Republic?
  6. What is the peace process for Central African Republic?

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

Hypothesis 1

H0: There is no significant impact of African union on peace process in Central African Republic

H1: There is a significant impact of African union on peace process in Central African Republic

 Hypothesis 2

H0: There is no significant relationship between African Union and peace process in Central African Republic.

H1: There is a significant relationship between African Union and peace process in Central African Republic.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE

The study would be of benefit to unveil problem in the of peace process in the Central African Republic as well as to proffer policy recommendations that would benefit both the governments and the African union in their quest for peace keeping and/or conflict eradication in Central African Republic in general. The study would also be of immense benefit to students, researchers and scholars who are interested in developing further studies on the subject matter

  1. SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE

The study is restricted to African union and the peace process in Central African Republic.

LIMITATION OF THE

Financial constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview)

Time constraint: The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

The African Union (AU): Is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa, with exception of various territories of European possessions located in Africa.

The Central African Republic (CAR): Is a landlocked country in Central Africa.

Peace cess may refer to:  In general, Peacemaking Peacekeeping, Peace building, Conflict resolution, Conflict Transformation

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